How To In Text Cite A Website Mla? (Best solution)

An MLA website citation includes the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without “https://”).

Citing an entire website.

Format Website Name. Day Month Year, URL.
In-text citation (Scribbr)

1 •

How do you cite a website in an essay?

  • Cite the website by placing the name of the website‘s editor or author in parenthesis at the end of the sentence containing information from the cited website source. Include a works cited page to be included after the last page of the essay.

Contents

How do you do an in text citation for a website?

Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use n.d. (for no date) in place of the year: (Smith, n.d.).

How do you MLA in text cite a website with no pages?

Using In-text Citation MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).

How do you do MLA citations?

MLA citing format often includes the following pieces of information, in this order: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Source.” Title of Container, Other contributors, Version, Numbers, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.

How do you cite work in MLA format?

MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.

How do you write an in-text citation without a page number?

In-Text No Page Numbers (Internet Resources) [6.05]

  1. Use the author or author’s surname(s), the date of publication, paragraph number.
  2. If no author is given, use the title of the document or headings.
  3. Do not include initials or full names of the author or author’s first name(s)

How to cite a website in MLA

Shona McCombes published a new article on July 17, 2019. On July 7, 2021, a revision was made. An MLA website citation comprises the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without the colon). For material that is expected to change over time or that has no known publishing date, provide an access date at the end of the document instead. Because websites do not often include page numbers, the in-text citation is just the author’s name in parentheses.

MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.

MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.

MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.

  • MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
  • MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
  • MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
  • MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
  • MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
  • Other sorts of online material, such as YouTube videos, TED Talks, and podcasts, have a different format than blogs.

Citing online articles

In the same way that a standard web page citation is formatted, referencing an item from an online newspaper, magazine, or blog is formatted the same way. If the article is a PDF version of a print piece, the format is slightly different from the print version. Write the title of the article in all capital letters (all major words capitalized). Make use of the most current publication date that appears on the page, including the day, month, and year if they are readily available.

MLA online article citation

Format Author last name,First name. “ Title of Article.”Website Name,Day Month Year,URL.
Works Citedentry Smith, Helena. “The Women Who Brought Down Greece’s Golden Dawn.”The Guardian, 22 Oct. 2020, www.theguardian.com/­world/­2020/­oct/­22/­the-­women-­who-­brought-­down-­greeces-­golden-­dawn.
In-text citation (Smith)

It should be noted, however, that when citing online publications from academic journals, a different structure is employed. Learn how to properly cite journal articles in MLA format. If no author is recognized, leave this part out and begin with the title of the page or article instead of the page number. In your in-text citation, you should use an abbreviated version of the title. The initial words of yourWorks Citedentry must be in the shorter title as well.

MLA website citation with no author

Format “ Title of Article.”Website Name,Day Month Year,URL.
Works Citedentry “US Election 2020: A Guide to the Final Presidential Debate.”BBC News, 21 Oct. 2020, www.bbc.com/­news/­election-­us-­2020-­54620868.
In-text citation (“US Election 2020”)

If there is no publication date available, leave this part out and insert the date on which you viewed the page at the end of the document as a substitute.

MLA website citation with no author or date

Format “ Title of Article.”Website Name,URL. AccessedDay Month Year.
Works Citedentry “Citing Sources and Referencing.”Scribbr, www.scribbr.com/­category/­citing-­sources. Accessed 16 July 2019.
In-text citation (“Citing Sources”)

It should be noted that there is a specific standard for citing items from onlinedictionaries.

What can proofreading do for your paper?

In addition to correcting grammatical and spelling errors, Scribbr editors help you improve the quality of your writing by ensuring that your document is devoid of ambiguous language, superfluous phrases, and uncomfortable wording, among other things. Take a look at an example of editing.

Citing an entire website

The Works Cited item begins with the name of the website in italics if you are citing a whole website, as there is normally no designated author in this case. The publication or copyright date (which is normally located in the bottom of the website) should be included; if not, you should include the date on which you viewed the website at the conclusion of the citation.

MLA whole website citation

Format Website Name.Day Month Year,URL.
Works Citedentry Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 11 July 2019.
In-text citation (Scribbr)

When should you cite a whole website?

You should almost always provide the URL of the page or publication where you obtained the information. However, if you are providing a broad summary of the website’s content, referring simply to the homepage, or quoting material that occurs on several pages across the site (such as a company’s motto), you may be required to mention the full website. You should add a separate Works Cited entry for each page or article from the same website if you are citing numerous pages or articles from the same website.

Publishers in MLA website citations

If the website is produced by an organization that has a different name than the website itself, you should mention the organization’s name in the citation as well as the website itself. The publisher of a website is normally located somewhere in the footer of the website, most frequently adjacent to a copyright sign. If the name of the publisher is the same as the name of the website, you should leave it out of the citation in order to prevent duplication of information.

Website with different publisher Website the same as publisher
The MLA Style Center.Modern Language Association of America, 2019, style.mla.org. Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 10 June 2019.
“Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety.”Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 5 Sept. 2018, www.cdc.gov/­foodsafety/­challenges/­antibiotic-­resistance.html. “CEU Expresses Solidarity with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.”Central European U, 3 July 2019, www.ceu.edu/­article/­2019-­07-­03/­ceu-­expresses-­solidarity-­hungarian-­academy-­sciences.

Frequently asked questions about MLA style

In MLA format, how do I reference a source that does not include an author or page numbers? If a source does not have an author, the MLA Works Citedentry should begin with the source title. In your in-text citation, you should use an abbreviated version of the title. You can use an alternate locator (e.g., a chapter number for a book or a timestamp for a video or audio source) to identify the relevant part in your in-text citation if the source doesn’t have page numbers available. If there are no numbered divisions in the source, only the author’s name should be used (or the title).

For example:

  • As Rajaram contends, “cultural, political, and ideological objectives” influence how people see migration. “A movement for fundamentally alternative news,” according to the website of The Correspondent.

Is it necessary to italicize article titles in MLA? In MLA style, the title of an article is not italicized, but rather is enclosed in quotation marks. This applies to pieces published in journals, newspapers, websites, or any other type of publishing, as well as scholarly works. The title of the source where the article was published should be written in italics. For example, the website Scribbr publishes “A Complete Guide to MLA Citation,” which is a comprehensive guide to citation styles.

Use the same formatting in the Works Citeddentry as you would when referencing the article in the body of the paper. You have already cast your vote. Thanks:-) Your vote has been recorded:-) Your vote is being processed.

Library Guides: MLA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation

MLA style allows you to put the author’s name either inside the narrative body of your work or after the source’s citation in parentheses after the source’s citation. The following is an excerpt from the tale that includes the author’s name: According to Gass and Varonis, familiarity with the topic is the most essential factor in interpreting non-native communication in a foreign language (163). The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (Gass and Varonis 163).

  • The following is a direct quote: “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (Gass and Varonis 85).
  • Note: For quotations that are longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, quotations should be displayed as an indented block of text (one inch from the left margin) and quotation marks should be omitted.
  • In addition to boosting awareness, it has been demonstrated that practicing listening to accented speech can increase one’s listening comprehension.
  • Even a little exposure to accented speech can assist listeners improve their understanding, which in turn can enhance the level of service provided to international customers in general.
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Using MLA in-text citations

Information regarding parenthetical citations in general

How do I cite sources in my paper?

The following procedures apply to both print and electronic sources and are essentially the same in both cases. When you quote or paraphrase a specific section of a text from a source, include enough information — most commonly the author’s last name and the page number — to let the reader to locate the exact section of the text that you are referencing. The title of the work, as well as the name of the author, will need to be referenced, either in the sentence itself or in the parenthetical citation, if you are referencing two sources written by the same author.

The parenthetical information should not repeat material that has already been provided in your text (for example, if you have included the author’s name in your text, you should not add it in the reference).

For further information and examples of citations, see Citing books, papers, and other sources parenthetically in your paper (also available in Spanish).

How should I format my quotations and citation information?

If the direct reference, paraphrase, or quote is less than four lines in length, provide the citation information in parentheses at the end of the sentence, immediately following any quotation marks and just before the sentence’s final punctuation. When you have a quotation that is more than four lines long, you should use the block quotation format: indent one-half inch from the left margin, double space the quotation, and do not use quotation marks. The parenthetical citation should be placed after the period (or other mark of punctuation) that marks the conclusion of the block quotation.

Instead of using page numbers, if an electronic source uses paragraph or section numbers instead of page numbers, use the appropriate abbreviation (e.g., “par.”; do not count paragraphs if they are not numerically referenced in the electronic source; do not include any numbers in your citation if the electronic source does not provide page or paragraph numbers).

After that, include any other identifying information—such as abbreviations for “chapter” and “section”—and then the appropriate number.

Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper

The examples on this page, in conjunction with the instructions regarding organizing and formatting in–text citations provided here, demonstrate how a variety of different source types are appropriately mentioned in accordance with MLA’s citation requirements. –Includes the author’s name in the text Magny elaborates on his point of view (67-69). –The author’s name appears in the reference This is an argument that has been previously explored (Magny 67-69). Indirect or “secondhand” sources were used to find this quotation.

  1. in Magny 66).
  2. –The names of two writers appear in the reference list.
  3. A reference to the volume and page in a multivolume book is necessary.
  4. The reference is to the entire volume.
  5. –On the list of works referenced, there are two works by the same author.
  6. And while this relationship may seem odd given the themes and substance of A Clockwork Orange, Frye’s unique viewpoint on the nature of genres gives light on this uncommon pairing (“Rhetorical Criticism: Theory of Genres”).
  7. –There are two sources given.

–Personal interview; the interviewer’s name is stated in the text Phys ed instructors must comprehend the link between physical exercise and fitness, according to Parsons, who tackles this issue.

Inst.

Quote from a play with page numbers is provided.

Quotation from a play that includes division and line numbers As demonstrated by the Duke’s admonition that the best answer to sadness is to move on (Othello1.3.208–209), this is a valid point.

“What is it to realize the absolute value / of negative grace.?” Barry inquires with a cutting tone.

(line 14).

35). –Electronic source that makes use of chapter and section numbers to organize information “Once we begin to rely heavily on a tool, it begins to rely heavily on us” (Rawlins ch. 1, sec. 1).

Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines

When a direct reference, summary, paraphrase, or quote is used, parenthetical citations are used at the conclusion of the sentence in which the reference is made. Citations for quotes that are less than four lines should be placed after the closing quotation marks and before the sentence’s concluding punctuation (see example below). When you have a quotation that is longer than four lines long, use theblock quotationformat:

  • In the majority of circumstances, a colon should be used to introduce the quotation
  • One-half inch from the left margin, indent the quotation. The quotation should be double spaced. It is not necessary to use quotation marks.

After the period (or other mark of punctuation) that concludes the block quote, include the parenthetical citation (author and page number) in the block quotation.

Creating MLA In-Text Citations

The ins and outs of constructing an MLA in-text citation are covered in this tutorial. With the help of this quick and easy tutorial to MLA in-text citations, you’ll learn how to cope with many authors or no authors, various sources, and even anthologies.

How Do You Do In-Text Citations in MLA

An MLA in-text citation is normally created by placing the author and page number in parentheses after the quoted or paraphrased content you are referencing. The objective of an in-text citation in a high-level academic article is to demonstrate where you obtained your information. As you write your essay, you will draw on these sources to support your points of view and arguments. However, you must continue to provide credit where credit is due to others. And it is at this point that the MLA in-text (parenthetical) citations are useful.

50)

Author-Page MLA In-Text Citation

The author-page citation is the style of citation that you should employ in-text in MLA. The first essential element, as well as the page number, are included in your MLA parenthetical citation. If the first core element is an author (as is usually the case), you place the author’s last name inside parentheses with the page number, which is known as a parenthetical citation. If the first core element is a title (as is usually the case), you place the title inside parentheses with the page number.

Unless you have previously acknowledged the author in the text, you should just add the page number, which is referred to as a narrative citation in this case.

In addition to each in-text citation, there must be at least one work-cited citation.

Doghouse Books published their first book in 2018.

When to Include MLA In-Text Citations

When you explicitly quote or paraphrase material from another source, you should use in-text citations to properly credit the source.

The in-text citation should be placed after the sentence that was cited or paraphrased since you do not want your reader to be distracted from the flow of information.

MLA In-Text Citations for a Website or Video With No Page Numbers

In MLA format, when you begin to create website citations, you’ll realize that some of them don’t have page numbers, but are instead separated into different categories such as chapters, sections, paragraphs, and so on. The same is true for film and media sources, which do not have a page number but rather a timestamp. In these instances, you specify the position of your source by utilizing the indications provided. You must include a comma after the author’s last name in these quotations. Abbreviations and the Organization Sections are denoted by the letters sec.

  1. orpars.
  2. Timestamp:hours:minutes:seconds Examples of parenthetical MLA in-text citations that do not include page numbers It has been established without any reasonable question that dogs that have performed tricks for their owners prefer treats above other rewards (DeJon, par.
  3. Marty McFly talks about.
  4. 12).
  5. (15:10 – 16:57) – (02:15:10) – In certain cases, there will be no divides at all, which is a rare occurrence.
  6. It might be difficult to figure out how to structure your in-text citations, especially if you are utilizing several authors, no authors, or writers with the same last name.

Sources With Multiple Authors

When it comes to citing several authors in an in-text citation, the MLA provides a straightforward approach. In the case of two writers, you would list their last names with the word “and” between them. When there are three or more people, you include the et al. Two Authors in MLA In-Text Citation (Smith and Johnson 96) A total of three or more authors are required for MLA in-text citations (Dill et al. 96) Exemplifications of MLA Works Cited for two and many authors in MLA format John Smith and Debra Johnson are the authors of this work.

The University of Notre Dame Press published a book in 2010 titled Dill, Elizabeth, and colleagues Recovery Reality Checks.

Sources With No Known Author

When you come across a source that does not have a known author, you must cite it by its title. Some of these titles, on the other hand, might be rather lengthy. As a result, you’ll shorten the title to just contain the most significant terms from the title, and you’ll format your paper in accordance with the style guide provided in the references. The title should be kept in italics in the parenthetical citation if it is currently in italics. MLA In-Text Citation Example No Known AuthorResearchers discovered that most dogs prefer treats as a reward for performing tricks (Dogs: Survey of Tricks10).MLA Works Cited Example No Known Author Dogs: A Survey of Tricks or Treats.Pew Research Center, September 2018.MLA Works Cited Example No Known Author Dogs: A Survey of Tricks or Treats.Pew Research Center, September 2018.

Canine Research Report No. 25 is available online.

Cite Authors With Same Last Name

An other issue that you may encounter while constructing your in-text citation in MLA is the presence of many authors with the same last name. Let’s face it, there are a lot of Smiths and Johnsons in the realm of scientific study. If this occurs to you, do not become alarmed! Simply put their first initial to the end of the citation (A. Johnson 75). An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Authors with the Same Name If one is talking about medical ethics, there are two schools of thought to consider (A.

  1. Johnson, 25).
  2. An Example of MLA Works Cited for Authors with the Same Last Name Annabelle Johnson is a fictional character created by author Annabelle Johnson.
  3. The New York Press will publish the book in 2020.
  4. There is just one School of Medical Ethics.
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Cite Multiple Works by the Same Author

Because authors don’t limit themselves to a single work, you may find yourself referencing other novels or plays by the same author in your essay. In this scenario, you can’t just write them all as (Morrison, 23) since that would be too confusing for the audience. As a result, you must utilize the shortened title of the work in order to distinguish between them. When extracting quotes and material from books by Toni Morrison, your citations would be depending on the specific book that you were referencing.

An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Multiple Works (Beloved78) (Bluest Eye216) Work Cited Examples in MLA Format (for Multiple Works by the Same Author) Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved was published by Vintage Books in 2004.

How to Cite Corporate Authors

Let’s take a look at what to do for business authors when it comes to in-text citations in MLA format. The structure for a corporate author is similar to the one for an author’s in-text citation in a textual reference section. The only difference is that you use the corporation’s name instead of your own. And, if you need to shorten your citation, make sure to follow the MLA guidelines for abbreviations. Examples of MLA in-text citations for corporate authors are shown below. Every organization is responsible for the activities of its employees (U.S.

According to the United States Government Accountability Office, every company is responsible for the activities of its officers and directors (216) Example of Citation in MLAWorks for a Corporate Author The United States Government Accountability Office published 2020 Statistics in the National Academies Press in 2020.

MLA In-Text Citation for Multiple Sources

The requirement to reference the same author or a group of writers several times may arise while writing MLA in-text citations. In this case, you should use the APA style. Because MLA is so comprehensive, they often have solutions for every possible issue. Investigate a few particular considerations for citations within the body of writing.

Citing the Same Source

Most of the time, you will find yourself referencing the same source more than once inside a single part of your essay. If this occurs to you and you do not have any sources in between, you may choose to use a basic citation consisting just of the page number for each additional citation in that section if you do not have any sources in between. Keep in mind that this is only applicable if no other source is utilized in this area. Example of an MLA In-Text Citation The same source is used again and again.

These ideas “transcend time and infiltrate into present ages,” according to the author (22).

Citing Multiple Sources in MLA

Most of the time, you will find yourself referencing the same source more than once inside a single part of your paper. It is possible that this may happen to you and that you will not have any sources in between, in which case you may choose to use a basic citation consisting just of the page number for each subsequent citation in that section. Keep in mind that this is only applicable if no other source is utilized in this paragraph. Exemplification of an MLA in-text citation Sources are the same as before.

In the words of the author, these ideas “surpass time and infiltrate into present ages” (22).

How to Create In-Text Citations for Anthologies and Collections

When it comes to in-text citations, collections and anthologies can be a bit difficult to navigate because they contain works by a variety of writers. Rather than citing the overbearing editor of the collection or anthology, you should cite the individual who said the statement or provided the content. As a result, if you include a quotation from Martin Luther King Jr. in an anthology that also includes lines from Winston Churchill, you must give his last name as well as the page number where the quote appears.

In-Text Citations for Religious Works and Scripture Citations

When it comes to biblical or scriptural MLA in-text citations, things may get complicated since there are a variety of ways to format them based on how you introduce or do not introduce the source. If you are referring to a specific bible, such as the King James Bible, the word is italicized. However, when it comes to the Bible as a whole, this is not the case. Additionally, rather simply using the page number in your in-text reference, you should mention the chapter and verse.

In-Text Citation in the Bible Using MLA Format “TheLordGod established a garden eastward in Eden” for Adam and Eve, according to the Bible (King James Version, Gen. 2:8-14) “The Lord God established a garden eastward of Eden,” according to the King James Version of the Bible (Gen. 2:8-14)

Quoting vs. Paraphrasing

In accordance with the MLA style standard, you must include in-text citations for any direct quotations and paraphrases that you utilize. These two words, on the other hand, are not the same, and the way you structure them is also different.

Understanding Direct Quotes

Any direct quotations in your work will be enclosed in quotation marks and will include the material in its entirety as it appears in the original source document. An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for a Direct Quote The demise of the Roman Empire, according to Smith, “was predetermined by.” (256) Because this is a direct quote, the words are included in quotation marks to indicate that they are not the author’s own words.

Paraphrasing Defined

Paraphrasing is the use of the author’s words inside your work, but they are not exact copies of the author’s words. Your paraphrased portion will provide a concise summary of the author’s views and opinions, which you will write yourself in order to avoid plagiarism. An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Paraphrasing According to Smith, the Roman empire was mighty, but there were a few occasions that demonstrated their demise was on the horizon (256). Direct quotations are not included in paraphrasing.

Using In-Direct Quotes

The usage of indirect quotations is discouraged by the MLA. If at all feasible, you should obtain the information directly from the source. But there are situations when you may need to incorporate an indirect quote in your document. In MLA in-text citations, you must include the phrase “quoted in” before the citation, which is written as “qtd. in.” In-Text Citation for an Indirect Quote in MLA Format Example Smith cites the words of Titus Maccius Plautus, “If you have resisted your propensity and not been overpowered by it,” as an example (qtd.

Signal Phrases for Quoting and Paraphrasing

To effectively quote and paraphrase an author, it’s critical to give some sort of lead-in for your reader, especially when summarizing a lengthy passage. Otherwise, it may be difficult for the reader to recognize that they are transitioning from your own words to the words of someone else’s. As a result, you should include some signal phrases to indicate that you are shifting your attention away from your own ideas. Many times, you’ll find yourself include the author’s name in a sentence as a signal phrase.MLA In-Text Citation Example for a Signal PhraseDobs and Swanson point out the many types of genes utilized in gene sequencing to demonstrate the importance of gene sequencing (678)

How to Format Long Quotes in an MLA In-Text Citation

An in-text reference in MLA format that contains long quotations or block quotes is considered a distinct sort of beast. Block quotations are used for any passage of prose that is longer than five lines and any poetry or conversation that is longer than three lines. They contribute to the reader’s understanding of the lengthy quote.

Easy In-Text Citations for Your MLA Paper

In-text citations in MLA style are simple to produce because of its simplicity.

It’s important to constantly keep your audience in mind when writing school papers. Make a clear connection between your in-text citations and the final entry in your works cited lists so that your sources can be accessed quickly and simply by your teacher and your reader. Articles that are related:

FAQ Creating MLA 8 In-Text Citations

In-text citations in MLA format are provided in a paper after a piece has been cited or paraphrased. Because they provide both the author’s last name and the page number where the information can be found, they are able to demonstrate to the reader that the words are not your own.

How do I cite a source with multiple authors in MLA?

For an MLA source with multiple authors, you must add both of the authors’ last names, with the word “and” between them for two authors (Smith and Johnson). When there are three or more writers, you insert the first author’s last name and the words et al. after it. (According to Johnson et al.)

How do I cite a source with no author or page numbers in MLA?

When it comes to a source that does not have an author, you should substitute the title of the work for the author (Dogs Life 40). If there are no page numbers, you can use paragraph numbers, lines, or other symbols to indicate where you are in the document. However, if there isn’t anything else accessible to use in place of a page number, you might just include the title or the last name of the author (Fox).

Who uses the MLA citation style?

MLA citation is a style of writing that is utilized by students and professionals in the fields of language arts and humanities. The Modern Language Association developed the MLA writing style in order to make referencing language arts works more convenient.

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How do you do parenthetical citations in MLA

MLA requires that you include the author’s last name as well as the page number in parenthesis when creating a parenthetical citation (Johnson 3). When using a narrative in-text citation, it is necessary to provide both the author’s last name and the page number in parentheses in the text.

Research Guides: MLA Style: In-text citations

When mentioning more than four lines of cited material, the quoted part should be presented as a distinct or “block” of lines in the text. Remove the first line of the quoted part and indent it one-half inch from the left edge. Do not indent anything else in the portion after that. Use a colon to punctuate the sentence that introduces the quote rather than quotation marks to denote the quotation. Use parentheses to indicate the page number(s) of the quoted content at the end of the final phrase of the block quote.

Example: Willa Cather’s talent to build precise interior places is demonstrated on the opening page of her novel, Song of the Lark, with the description of the physician’s office: I imagined it to be carpeted and stiffly furnished, something along the lines of a country parlor.

The doctor’s flat-top desk was spacious and well-constructed; the papers were arranged in neat heaps beneath glass weights.

A medical library of every thickness and hue might be found in this room. On the top shelf, there was a long row of thirty or forty volumes, all of which were bound in the same dark mottled board covers with faux leather backs as the others. (3)

In-Text Citations: An Overview

In-text citations are brief, unobtrusive references that direct readers to the works-cited-list entries for the sources you consulted as well as, where applicable, to the location in the source being cited. In-text citations are used to direct readers to the works-cited-list entries for the sources you consulted. When you use an in-text citation, you begin with the shortest piece of information that directs your reader to the corresponding entry in the works-cited list. As a result, it begins with whichever of the following appears first in the entry: the author’s name or the title (or description) of the piece of writing.

Citation in prose

Naomi Baron was the first person to break fresh ground on the issue.

Parenthetical citation

At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Baron).

Work cited

Naomi S. Baron’s “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media” is available online. Pages 193–200 of PMLA’s 128, no. 1 (January 2013) are available online.

Citation in prose

Female bhakti poets, according to the article “Bhakti Poets,” “experienced insurmountable problems as a result of their rejection of traditional norms and ideals.”

Parenthetical citation

According to the author, the female bhakti poets “were confronted with insurmountable problems as a result of their rejection of society norms and values” (Bhakti Poets).

Work cited

Introduction to the Bhakti Poets, from the Women in World History course at George Mason University’s Center for History and New Media (chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson1/lesson1.php? s=0. When appropriate, an in-text citation includes a second component: if a specific part of a work is quoted or paraphrased and the work includes a page number, line number, time stamp, or other way to direct readers to the location in the work where the information can be found, the location marker must be included in parentheses.

2020.

Parenthetical citations

“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (194). One could even argue that reading is never complete until it is accompanied by writing. “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (3). It is also acceptable to include the author or title in parentheses next to the page number or other loca­tion marker.

Parenthetical citations

“Reading is only half of literacy,” says the author. “The other half of the team is writing” (Baron 194). One could even argue that reading is never complete until it is accompanied by writing. The number of people who conduct creative writing, regardless of genre (and not just literary works), climbed dramatically between 1982 and 2002 despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period, according to the study (Reading3).

Works cited

Naomi S. Baron’s “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media” is available online. Pages 193–200 of PMLA’s 128, no. 1 (January 2013) are available online. Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America is a survey of literary reading in the United States.

The National Endowment for the Arts published this article in June 2004. All in-text citations should be brief and to the point. Avoid, for example, using the author’s name or the title of a work in both your text and your parentheses while writing a paper.

Citations (incorrect)

“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (Baron 194). “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (Reading3).

Citations (correct)

“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (194). “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (3). Only the component of an author’s name—typically his or her surname—that is essential to locate that item in a list of works referenced should be used in parenthetical citations (for more information on surnames, see sections 2.73–2.81 in The Modern Language Association’s ninth edition of the MLA Handbook).

Citation (incorrect)

At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Naomi S. Baron).

Citation (correct)

At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Baron). In parenthetical citations, use abbreviated titles to save space. To learn how to reduce titles in parenthetical citations, refer to sections 6.10–6.14 of the MLA Handbook, ninth edition, for more information. In order to save space, do not include the prefix p.orpp. before a page number in a parenthetical reference, as you would in a list of works cited (where such abbreviations lend clarity). You should precede any number other than a page number in a parentheti­cal citation with a name such aschapterorsection (commonly abbreviated in parentheses) orlineorlines (typically abbreviated in parentheses) (do not abbreviate).

LibGuides: MLA Style (8th/9th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites

Written by an unknown author, or the author’s name is the same as the website’s title or publisher. “Title of Section.” “Title of Section.” Title of the website, the publisher, or the organization that is sponsoring it Date of publishing or latest modification, as well as the URL. Month in which the page was accessed (abbreviated) Year. Observation: The publisher or supporting organization may frequently be identified in a copyright notice at the bottom of the main page or on a page that provides information about the site.

An example of a works cited list is “Athlete’s Foot – Topic Overview.” On September 25, 2014, WebMD published a subject overview on athletes’ foot at http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems and treatments/tc/athletes’-foot-topic-overview Example of an in-text citation: (“Title of Section”)(“Athlete’s Foot – Topic Overview”)(“Title of Section”)(“Title of Section”)(“Athlete’s Foot – Topic Overview”) Developed by a well-known author Last name and first name of the author.

“Title of the page or document,” for example.

What You Can Do to Prevent the Media from Destroying Your Teen’s Body Image.

On the 6th of October, 2019, Verywell Family published an article titled “Media and Teens’ Body Image-2611245” on their website. The date of access was November 1, 2019. Example of an in-text citation: (Last name of the author) (Morin)

Research Guides: MLA (Modern Language Association) Style: In-text citations

In-text citations are also referred to as parenthetical references, which is easy to recall because the parenthetical reference occurs in the same sentence as the in-text citation. Author-pagestyle is used by the MLA. In your report, you will cite the author’s last name as well as the page number from where you took your quotation. You will use the last name in either the phrase or the parentheses, depending on your preference. You can see both in action in the video below: “Our personas are really masks that we put on in order to sell ourselves to others” (Berger 87).

This is normally the initial word in the bibliographical item, followed by the word (name) that appears between the parenthesis.

Block quotations should be used for prose quotes that are longer than four lines.

  1. It’s easy to remember that parenthetical references are in-text citations since the parenthetical reference is in parenthesis, which means that they are within the text. Author-pagestyle is used in MLA format. It is necessary to cite the author’s last name together with the page number of your quote in your report. It is necessary to include the last name in the phrase or in the parentheses. Here’s an example of how both are put to good use: The masks we put on to sell ourselves to others are what we call personalities (Berger 87). “Our personas are masks we wear to sell ourselves to others,” Berger writes in Ads, Fads, and Consumer Culture (87). The term (name) that appears in the parentheses will generally be the first word in the bibliographical item. The quote should be included in the text inside quotation marks and followed by (author’s last name page number) for prose quotations of four lines or less. Block quotations should be used for prose quotations that are more than four lines in length.

In-text citations are also referred to as parenthetical references, which is easy to recall because the parenth etical reference occurs in the same sentence as the in-text citation. The author-pagestyle is used by the MLA. In your report, you will cite the author’s last name as well as the page number where the quote appears. You will utilize the last name in either the phrase or the parentheses, depending on the situation. You can see examples of both in action in the video below: “Our personas are really masks that we put on to market ourselves to other people” (Berger 87).

This is normally the first word in the bibliographical item, which is the word (name) that appears in the parentheses.

A block quotation should be used for prose quotes that are longer than four lines.

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