What Does Text Features Mean? (Correct answer)

Text features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body of text. These include the table of contents, index, glossary, headings, bold words, sidebars, pictures and captions, and labeled diagrams. A well-organized text assists the reader through predictable placement of information.

  • Text Features refer to parts of a text but don’t necessarily appear directly within the main body. Text features are commonly used in nonfiction texts like social studies or science-related content and help the reader to find specific information within the text easier.


What are the 3 most important text features?

The most common types of text features are:

  • Titles. Titles are headings that give us an idea of what the text is about before we even read it.
  • Table of contents.
  • Index and Glossary.
  • Headings/ Subtitles.
  • Sidebars.
  • Pictures and captions.
  • Labeled diagrams.
  • Charts and graphs.

What are text features and how do they help us?

Text features help you locate important information in a text. Knowing the purpose of the text feature helps you decide at which text feature to look when you want to understand your text better. Organized by purpose, the chart identifies text features and how they help the reader.

What does scan the text features mean?

Skimming means to read quickly to get the general gist or idea. Scanning means to look quickly for one thing in particular.

Why do writers use text features?

Authors include text features to help the reader better understand what they have read. Text features provide information that may not be written in the text itself. Text features can be found in textbooks, magazine articles, newspapers, reports, web pages, and other forms of nonfiction text.

What is an example of text features?

Text features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body of text. These include the table of contents, index, glossary, headings, bold words, sidebars, pictures and captions, and labeled diagrams. A poorly organized text can impede the reader by being counterintuitive.

Where do you see text features?

The most common text features of a book include the table of contents, the index, headings, captions, bold words, illustrations, photographs, the glossary, labels, graphs, charts, and diagrams. Many of these text features can also be found in newspapers, magazines, or individual articles.

What are the three different types of text features?

To make things easier to discuss, we’ll classify text features into three different categories: directional features, supplementary features, and visual aids.

What are external text features?

Identify external text features to enhance comprehension (i.e., headings, subheadings, pictures, captions, bolded words, graphs,charts, and tables of contents).

What are all the nonfiction text features?

Nonfiction text features include the table of contents, index, glossary, headings, bold words, sidebars, pictures and their captions, and labeled diagrams.

How do text features help me understand what I read?

Text features also help readers determine what is important to the text and to them. Without a table of contents or an index, readers can spend wasted time flipping through the book to find the information they need. Special print helps draw the attention of the reader to important or key words and phrases.

What organizational features mean?

Organizational features are ways for an author to break up a text so information is easier to find and read. Both headings and subheadings are usually indicated by a different style or font than the rest of the text.

What are internal text features?

Internal Text Structures are organizational patterns or different text structures that authors use organize their writings.

How do text features and author’s purpose connect?

Text structure contributes to the author’s purpose. An informative text is likely to be structured in a logical order. This helps readers understand the information better. Facts and concepts may be provided in the order of their importance.

What are Text Features?

A text feature is a word that is used in an academic environment to refer to all of the components or characteristics that are connected with an article or nonfiction piece but are not regarded to be part of the primary text. Among the most typical text characteristics included in a book are the table of contents and the index; headers, captions and bold words; illustrations and pictures; a glossary; labels; graphs, charts, and diagrams; and illustrations and photographs. Many of these text elements can also be found in other types of media, such as newspapers, magazines, or single pieces.

It is important to learn how to use text features properly since writers frequently add information in them that is not included in the main body of the text.

What is the Purpose of Text Features?

Each text feature in nonfiction content has a distinct role, but the overriding objective of every text feature is to allow readers to obtain access to information as fast and readily as possible. Text characteristics improve the efficiency with which informational text and research resources are read. The table of contents and index enable the reader to easily identify which pages of the book contain specific information, allowing the reader to gain knowledge without having to read the entire book from beginning to end.

When new vocabulary terms are bolded in text, they are generally defined in the glossary or tiny dictionary that may be found at the end of the text.

These three textual characteristics are extremely significant since, more often than not, the data is not really contained in the body of the text itself.

Readers may easily receive information from the mix of text and text features since the material is arranged and structured.

Strategies for Introducing Students to Text Features

Students should be given the chance to learn about and apply text elements in every nonfiction source they read, starting as early as kindergarten. Students as young as five years old can participate in a basic introduction exercise in which they search for text aspects in the book, according to the author. Younger readers can search for bold words and photos, whilst older readers can complete a checklist for every text element that can be found in the content they are reading. When we present students with a range of factual sources, they may compare and contrast the ways in which text elements are employed to convey information to the audience.

  • Students can work in pairs or groups to cut out certain text features from periodicals and newspapers, which they can then present to the class.
  • Because of this, they are completing the project through the use of a text feature.
  • Students must be able to recognize and comprehend the purpose of text features in addition to being able to use their knowledge of how to use text features in their writing.
  • Afterwards, they can apply particular text feature tasks, such as utilizing the dictionary to determine the meaning of an unfamiliar bold-faced word, to their writing.
  • Giving pupils paragraphs and asking them to construct a header that corresponds to the content is an example of higher-level thinking.
  • Each student can be allocated a specific portion, chart, or diagram of a text and be tasked with the responsibility of becoming an expert on the material contained in that visual or text.
  • After being encouraged to employ text features in nonfiction materials, topic area textbooks and research projects, students have firsthand experience with how text features make understanding information much more straightforward.

This is the point at which they will automatically look for text elements in nonfiction sources in order to make the reading comprehension process that much easier.

What Are Text Features? The 6 Most Common Text Features

Text Features refer to sections of a text that do not necessarily occur in the main body of the text as a whole. Frequently employed in nonfiction publications, such as social studies or science-related topics, text features assist the reader in finding specific information within the text more quickly and efficiently than plain text. The index, table of contents, captions beneath illustrations or diagrams, glossary terms, labels or characteristics of graphs and charts, and bolded phrases are the most often seen nonfiction text features.

  • Although text features refer to sections of a text that do not always exist in the main body, they are nevertheless considered to be text elements. Frequently employed in nonfiction publications, such as social studies or science-related topics, text features assist the reader in finding specific information within the text more quickly and efficiently than other methods. The index, table of contents, captions beneath photographs or diagrams, glossary terms, labels or characteristics of graphs and charts, and bolded phrases are some of the most typical nonfiction text elements found in nonfiction texts. The objective of each text feature is distinct
  • Nonetheless, the basic goal of all text features is to provide readers with easy access to information in nonfictional content.

Why Are Text Features Important?

Text characteristics are significant because they make it easier for students to access text information in a nonfiction text or nonfiction book when they are reading it. It is feasible for pupils to get knowledge about a certain topic or subtopic without having to read the full book while reading nonfiction texts. In non-fiction articles, pupils read more quickly when they understand where each text aspect is positioned within the piece. Given the large number of text features available, let’s go through the six most significant text features in order.

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The 6 Most Common Text Features

The title is a text component that offers the reader a short indication of what they will learn in the text. When a nonfiction work is presented in the classroom, the titles and subtitles of the text are crucial parts that students may utilize to grasp new vocabulary terms and understand the overall content of the text. Titles can provide instances that might aid in comprehension and recall of the information. The learner will be able to observe an example that will help them to think independently about the material and develop arguments based on its title.

2. Table of Contents

A table of contents provides the reader with a summary of the subjects discussed in the book as well as information on where to find them. The chapter titles provide a general indication of what the reader may expect to learn in each chapter.

3. Glossary or Index

A glossary or index is a standard text component that is frequently included in a text. They are offered to help readers have a better understanding of the material by providing brief definitions of keywords and broad concepts that appear throughout the text. They can assist you in comprehending the general meaning of the content you are reading. Many glossary terms may be found inside the text as bolded words, making them easy to spot.

4. Sidebars

Aside from the main text, there is a text bubble that contains information. Sidebars are often seen on the left or right side of the page. For whatever reason, sidebars provide crucial information that did not fit well inside the body of the nonfiction text and hence needed to be included.

5. Pictures and Captions

Picture captions and illustrations are key aspects that aid in better comprehension of the text.

Captions are frequently used by authors to illustrate an object or a concept from the text. A short heading is one that does not include excessively intricate wording.

6. Maps

In addition to maps, which are used in many different forms of instructional material, basic text characteristics such as headings and subheadings are also common. A map or chart might assist readers in visualizing the real location of an event or the period of time when it took place. Maps, as well as their associated information and headers, are presented to help cast further light on the subject matter. They enable the reader to form a more accurate mental image of when and where something is taking place in their head.

Benefits of Using Text Features

Students learn to recognize the purpose of the charts, the arrangement of the chapters, the print features, the images, and other important information. Student absorb meanings more deeply when they comprehend the purpose of text features than when they do not understand the purpose of text features. Text feature exercises assist instructors in facilitating discussions about the meaning of a text and improving literacy skills.

Level and Confidence

Making certain that children have a thorough comprehension of the main ideas may be the key to resolving the literacy crisis. There are some differences in reading comprehension levels across students, and not every student is sure in their knowledge of a material they are reading. Includingtext features activitieslike a scavenger hunt assist to introduce text characteristics in an entertaining way. Students may learn the meaning of diagrams, bold phrases, end of chapter questions, charts and graphs, the header, images, the menu, and more in a humorous way.

Last Words

A nonfiction work must include methods for students to easily obtain information. Teachers can assist students by instructing them on how to navigate through nonfiction content using text features. Some traditional teaching approaches offer nothing to assist students in taking the next stage in their lives. S0, we should make every effort to provide children with the tools they will need to navigate the world around them. Text characteristics are useful whether you are teaching a scientific course, a history lecture series, or a reading comprehension lesson since they allow students to quickly access information about the subject as a whole.

What is a Text Feature? – Definition & Examples – Video & Lesson Transcript

Joshua Wimmer is the instructor. Include a biography In addition to having a master’s degree in Latin, Joshua has experience teaching a range of Classical literature and language courses. A text feature is meant to improve the comprehension of the audience by producing independent pieces of literature that are apart from the main text and are not included in the main text. Learn more about the definition of text features and the many types of text features. The most recent update was on September 30, 2021.

Text Features Defined

If you have a book on hand, open it to the first page and see what you can find there. It’s likely that you come upon a title or copyright webpage. You could even have had the good fortune of coming upon a table of contents. Many times, we don’t pay attention to these kinds of things. Given that we’re accustomed to seeing them on a regular basis in virtually every book we’ve encountered, we tend to take them for granted. Text features, which are aspects that exist independently of a primary text and are designed to enrich readers’ experiences with the text, would have been greatly welcomed a few centuries ago.

As a result, text features, other than a simple title, would have been of little value to them beyond a simple description.

So that we may have a more organized discussion, we’ll divide text features into three categories: navigational elements, additional elements, and visual aids.

When attempting to load this video, an error occurred. If it doesn’t work, try reloading the page or contacting customer service. Following that, we’ll talk about DefinitionExamplesReplay are some context clues. You will be able to see your next lesson in 10 seconds.

Directional Text Features

If you have a book on hand, open it to the first page and see what you discover. The title or copyright page was most likely the first thing you saw when searching. Possibly, you were fortunate enough to come upon a list of contents. Often, we don’t pay attention to these kinds of things. Given that we’re accustomed to seeing them on a regular basis in virtually every book we’ve read, we’ve come to expect them. While text features, which are aspects that exist independently of a primary text but which aim to enrich the reader’s experience of the text, were not widely used until recently, they were highly valued then.

  1. As a result, text features, beyond a basic title, would have been of little value to them.
  2. So that we may have a more organized discussion, we’ll divide text features into three categories: navigational elements, supplemental elements, and visual aids.
  3. This movie was unable to be loaded due to an issue that occurred.
  4. Immediately following that, we’ll talk about Example DefinitionExamplesReplay Context Clue: You will be able to see your next lesson in ten seconds.

Supplementary Text Features

Supplementary text components, like an index, are frequently included near the conclusion of a document. Some, such as footnotes or sidebars, are, on the other hand, regularly found embedded throughout the text as well. Consider the way a history textbook may have more material on a certain topic highlighted in the margins of a page. Supplemental text features, like vitamins and other dietary supplements, assist our bodies in obtaining nutrients that they may not otherwise acquire from the foods we consume.

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What are Text Features? How to Teach Them to Kids

When individuals talk about text features, they are mostly referring to the characteristics of a nonfiction work. Text characteristics, on the other hand, are also seen in fiction works. When pupils are learning about books, it is critical to teach them both concepts. Work features are the many sections of a nonfiction or fiction text that are not directly related to the primary plot. They assist the reader in comprehending the tale. Captions, an index, and a glossary are just a few examples of nonfiction text elements.

Continue reading to learn more about the text elements that may be found in both fiction and nonfiction texts.

We’ve prepared a list of text characteristics and explained how they contribute to better comprehension.

  • The title informs us about the subject matter of the book. The table of contents informs us of the many topics we will be studying about as well as the page number on which each section begins. Glossary– this section describes terminology that may be difficult to understand in the book. Bolded terms are those that are defined in the glossary or that are particularly significant. Captions are a statement that describes an image. Diagrams are images with labels that describe what is depicted in the picture. Labels are a word or a group of words that are used to describe a picture or specific areas of a picture. It is indicated by the use of headings when a new subsection begins and what that subsection is about. It is possible to find certain terms in the book by looking through the index.

Teaching Text Features for Nonfiction

As Kindergarten instructors, we spent a few weeks introducing students to the qualities of nonfiction text. Teaching about the characteristics of nonfiction books was accomplished through the use of Reading Workshop and Writing Workshop sessions held at the same time. In preparation for this lesson, we distributed nonfiction books to each pair of students in our class on the first day of class. (We checked over the books ahead of time to ensure that they had many of the elements we would be studying about.) After looking over the novels, we asked our kids to talk about what they liked and disliked about each one.

  • Then we informed them that they were going through nonfiction books, which were books that were true, included facts, and had the potential to teach us something.
  • Throughout the next two weeks, we will be reading a variety of nonfiction works to the students.
  • These nonfiction books are excellent for teaching about text elements since they are not fiction.
  • As part of Reading Workshop, we taught our nonfiction unit for both reading and writing at the same time so that students could apply what they learned from the books we read during the workshop.
  • We emphasized the necessity of selecting a topic that they were really knowledgeable about.
  • We discussed the characteristics of nonfiction works that we would like to include in our own books.
  • Everyone collaborated on the first book, which was named “All About Kindergarten.” We worked together to come up with many chapters from which they could select, resulting in a somewhat distinct book for each kid.
  • It took us roughly a week to complete this project.
  • The kids had a great time with this!
  • We made certain that our pupils were knowledgeable enough about their subject to write a book on it (although a very short book).

Fiction novels do not often include as many text characteristics as nonfiction books, but here are a few examples of text elements that you could discover in a fiction book.

  • Teachers of Kindergarten students spent a few weeks this year introducing them to the qualities of nonfiction writing. The characteristics of nonfiction works were taught in both Reading Workshop and Writing Workshop at the same time. We distributed nonfiction books to each pair of students in our class on the first day of this subject. (We checked the books ahead of time to make sure they had many of the topics we would be studying about.) We had our kids browse through the books and discuss what they liked and disliked about each of the titles. Student interest in learning more about nonfiction works is piqued by participation in this exercise. Then we informed them that they were going through nonfiction books, which were books that were true, included facts, and had the ability to teach us something. Afterwards, we go over some of the characteristics that they noted. Several nonfiction texts will be read aloud to the children throughout the following few weeks. In most cases, we read a single book over the course of two or three days, noting new text elements on each successive day. These nonfiction books are excellent for teaching about text elements because they are well-written and interesting. To purchase from Amazon, simply click on the images below. As part of Reading Workshop, we taught our nonfiction unit for both reading and writing at the same time so that students may apply what they learned from the books we read throughout the session. When it came to writing nonfiction books, our students were always eager to get started. They should choose a topic that they are knowledgeable about, we emphasised. There was a lot of scaffolding in the kids’ first nonfiction book, which they wrote. Our discussion revolved around the characteristics of nonfiction writings that we would like to incorporate into our novels. A title, a table of contents, chapter headers, and a labeled diagram were all provided. Everyone came up with the title “All About Kindergarten” for the first book they created together. Every student’s book was unique since we worked together to create numerous chapters from which they could select. After that, they wrote a few phrases for each chapter, and at the conclusion of the book, we all had a labeled graphic of our classroom. Approximately one week was spent on this. At the conclusion, we asked our Pre-K kids to join us, and our students read from their books to them, introducing them to kindergarten. Having the kids participate in this was a great experience! We let our students to choose a nonfiction topic of their choosing once they finished writing this book. It was our goal to ensure that our students were knowledgeable enough about their subject to write a book about it (although a very short one). The number of text elements in fiction books is frequently less than in nonfiction books, however below are a few that may be found in certain fiction novels.
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How to Teach Text Features for Fiction

Because there aren’t nearly as many text features in fiction books as there are in nonfiction, we didn’t establish a course devoted only to text features in fiction books. We did, however, make a point of pointing out textual elements in any fiction works that we were reading. For example, I used to read a few pages from chapter books at the end of the day, just as students were getting ready to leave for the evening. As soon as I began working on a new book, I showed them the table of contents page and inquired as to whether or not they understood what that page was called.

Fiction Text Features vs Story Elements

It is common for fiction text aspects to be confused with tale components. Text features are aspects of the text that are not related to the main tale, whereas story components are everything that is related to the primary story inside the book. Some instances of each are shown in the chart below. Read How to Teach Tale Elements in Kindergarten for a more in-depth description of story elements and to learn more about how we taught them to our students. This is a fantastic YouTube movie that you may show your pupils when introducing text features to the classroom.

Want to Learn More About Text Features?

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A text feature is something that is present in a book, article, fiction, or nonfiction writing that makes it simpler for the reader to comprehend the substance of the writing. Text features are, in essence, the parts of a book or an article that are not regarded to be part of the main body of the text itself. Text characteristics are most typically connected with nonfiction books, however text elements can also be found in fiction books, especially in novels. In most current books and publications, there are a variety of text options to choose from.

Common Text Features To Teach Students

The following are the most often seen text features: The title of a book tells readers what the book is about. It conveys to the reader the central theme of the text. The following is the table of contents: This section contains a list of the key subjects and sections of a book or work of literature, as well as their related page numbers. A book’s index, which is often placed on the last few pages of the book, is an alphabetical list of the most important terms, phrases, and themes covered in the book.

  • Basically, it’s an alphabetical list of the most important words and concepts in a book, together with their numerous definitions; in some cases, it also includes their pronunciation.
  • Subheadings: Help readers comprehend and identify particular portions inside a primary section or heading by providing them with a list of subheadings.
  • Text styles include the ability to color, bold, underline, and italicize text.
  • Timelines: Illustrates important events in a chronological sequence.
  • An illustration that describes anything, similar to a picture, is referred to as a diagram.
  • Captions: These are usually seen under or above a picture.

Maps: A map depicts the fundamental shape and characteristics of a geographical location. A footnote is a piece of additional information that is printed at the bottom of a page. Examine the sections of a book that would be appropriate for your kindergarten class.

3 Types Of Text Features

A directional text feature, as the name implies, is a feature that helps guide readers to different portions of a book. Tables of contents, headers, indexes, and other directional text elements are examples of directional text characteristics. These are easily distinguishable and may be used to lead the reader to a certain page or portion of the book.

Supplementary Text Features

Supplementary text features, as the name implies, are intended to give additional information to supplement the contents of a certain page in a book. For example, a footnote or glossary are common examples of this type of text element. For the purpose of providing more information, footnotes are often placed at the bottom of a page. Footnotes may be italicized, bolded, or have their font size lowered to a reasonable degree.

Visual Aid Text Features

A picture is worth a thousand words, and that is precisely why visual assistance text elements are important to have. Simply describing a thing to someone who hasn’t seen it may not be sufficient, but showing them a photograph of the object or person may assist to explain precise information about the object or person. Images, diagrams (graphs, charts, maps, and many other types of visual aids), and other types of visual aids are examples of text characteristics in visual aids.

Usefulness Of Text Features

Text characteristics must be incorporated in each modern publication if it is to be successful. Text features are included in these publications for a variety of reasons, including the following:

  • A text feature is a must-have in any modern magazine, regardless of its format. For a variety of reasons, authors incorporate text characteristics into their works, including:

Non-Fiction Text Features

Non-fiction is primarily concerned with presenting readers with facts and information about people, places, things, and events, as opposed to fiction. When presenting information in a non-fiction book, it is essential that the material offered is true rather than made up, and that the information supplied is structured using text characteristics. Authors may readily communicate the information of a non-fiction book to readers by utilizing text characteristics in their work. This implies that readers will not be required to read the full book, but will instead be able to take advantage of the text features to quickly get the information they require.

  • Title, table of contents, index, glossary, headers, subheadings, tables, text styles, timelines, images, diagrams, and charts, labels, captions, and maps

Fiction Text Features

It is the author’s imagination that is mostly responsible for creating fiction literature. The events and personalities depicted in these novels are all fictitious, and they did not take place in real life. In the majority of circumstances, some text elements such as diagrams and charts, captions, tables, glossaries, and indexes are not required in fiction works. In light of the foregoing, some of the most common text features accessible in fiction novels are as follows:

Difference Between Fiction And Non-Fiction Text Features

Despite the fact that fiction books have a number of text features, non-fiction publications often contain a greater number of text features. Text elements such as charts, tables, glossaries, indexes, and other similar items are not typically included in fictional works.

How To Teach Text Features

At the beginning of a child’s education, it is critical to recognize the significance of textual characteristics. This will make it much easier for learners to read their books and have a far better comprehension of the information contained inside them. As an added bonus, this makes it easy for students to go back over and revisit the content offered in these text books. It is quite simple for students to access a specific portion of their books and review what they have previously learned. The first step is to ensure that students have a thorough awareness of the numerous text elements that may be found in factual and fiction works.

This is something that most people are familiar with through years of reading books; however, learners at the lower levels have far less experience in this area.

This does not necessary have to be a single heading; other types of text elements, such as the glossary if one is present, might be utilized at this point.

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This can be completed in the classroom or as homework tasks at home, either in groups or individually.

Learners would just need to check the box next to the text feature that they identified in the worksheet, as well as the page number if necessary in this scenario. The benefits of this will be that they will have a greater grasp and appreciation of text characteristics.

The Bottom Line

Despite the fact that text features have been accessible for as long as books have been produced, having a grasp of their utility can help you better lead your pupils so that they may make greater use of them in their educational endeavors.

Non-Fiction Text Features and Text Structure

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What are Text Features?

Text features are reserved for non-fiction. What tale components are to fiction is a matter of opinion. When reading, text characteristics assist the reader in making sense of what they are reading and serve as the foundation for text structure (see below). So, what precisely are the characteristics of nonfiction text?

Text Features and Comprehension

Text characteristics and understanding go hand in hand in most cases. If an author wishes for a reader to comprehend the position of a nation in the world, using a map will assist the reader in seeing and comprehending the significance of that country’s geographic location. If understanding the anatomy of an animal is critical to comprehending a text, a comprehensive image with labeling provides the reader with the assistance he needs to grasp the text in question. Text elements also assist readers in determining what is relevant to the text as well as to their own lives.

  1. A special print serves to focus the reader’s attention to crucial or key words and phrases in a document.
  2. Prior to reading, spend some time looking over the photographs/illustrations, charts, graphs, or maps, and then speak about what you find.
  3. Making predictions about what they will learn or creating a list of questions based on the text attributes is a good way to start the learning process.
  4. After students have completed this task, they should talk about how difficult it was to comprehend.
  5. Take a look at our free Nonfiction Text Features Chart!

Some Common Text Features within Non-Fiction

  • Captions: They assist you in better understanding an image or a picture. In comparisons, these statements assist you in seeing something
  • The glossary provides definitions for terms that appear in the book. Graphics: Charts, graphs, and cutaways are utilized to aid you in understanding what the author is attempting to communicate to you. Illustrations/photographs: They assist you in understanding what something seems to be like. The book’s index contains an alphabetical list of the topics that are discussed throughout the book. It informs you of the page on which the concept is located. Labels: These aid in the identification of a photograph or a photograph’s components
  • Maps: They assist you in understanding where different places are in the world. When a word is bolded, italicized, or underlined, it indicates that it is an essential term for you to understand. Subtitles: These headers provide you with information about what will be covered in the following section. It assists you with identifying the most important themes in the book in the order that they are given
  • Table of Contents

What is Text Structure?

Text structure may be defined as the way in which the author organizes the information contained inside the text.

Why do text structures matter to readers?

  • Knowing what sort of structure to expect helps readers connect with and recall what they’ve read more effectively
  • It provides readers with hints as to what is most essential in the text
  • And it assists readers in summarizing what they’ve read more effectively. In the case of a text that has a sequence/time order structure, we want to make sure that the summary follows the same structure as the original text. There would be no purpose in telling an autobiography out of chronological sequence.

Examples of Non-Fiction Text Structure

While there are variations of opinion on the precise number and names of different types of text structure, these are the five most important ones that I teach in my classes. In our Teaching Text Structure to Readers course, we go into further detail about each of them on days 3 and 4. 1. The problem and the solution The author will present us with an issue and then explain how the problem may be resolved. It is possible that only one solution to the problem is provided, or that numerous distinct answers are mentioned.

  • The Relationship Between Cause and Effect The author recounts something that has happened and how it has had an impact on or caused something else to happen in the future.
  • Multiple causes and effects may exist at the same time, as well as multiple causes and effects.
  • 3.
  • A real-life example is a bargain hunter who writes on her blog about her experiences with store-brand things and how they compare to the experience of purchasing name-brand items.
  • A description or a list Despite the fact that this is a relatively popular text structure, I believe it is one of the most difficult to master since the author bombards the reader with a large amount of information (or lists facts) on a certain subject.
  • A real-life example is a letter from a soccer coach to parents outlining exactly what type of cleats they should purchase for their children.
  • Time Order/Sequence of Events Texts are written in the order of events or in a chronological order.
  • Please keep in mind that the text structure is not always easily distinguishable.

Example: The overall format of the work may be Description/List (maybe about Crocodilians), but the author may devote a chapter to Compare/Contrast (perhaps about Crocodilians) (Alligators vs. Crocodiles). Students must be made aware of this, and we must be honest about it.

More Text Structure Resources:

  • 5 Days of Teaching Text Structure to Readers
  • Fiction Story Elements and Text Structure
  • Teaching Children How to Retell with Fiction (Fiction Text Structure)
  • 5 Days of Teaching Text Structure to Writers Educating Children on How to Summarize
  • Several of our favorite nonfiction series books, which make excellent study partners for working on text elements and structures.

Several of our favorite nonfiction series books, which make excellent study partners while focusing on text elements and structures;

Text Features

Overview of Competencies

What are text features?

Text characteristics are the organizational components of written text that help to convey meaning to the reader or viewer. Page numbers, a table of contents, illustrations and pictures, chapter titles, headers, sub-headings, labels, captions, diagrams, and so on are examples of what is included. When it comes to demonstrating mastery of this skill, what tasks should students be able to complete?

  • Identifying textual characteristics inside a text is important. Describe the role of each feature as well as the information it includes. Make use of these elements to assist you in understanding

Why is it vital to grasp text characteristics in order to read well? The capacity of a learner to make use of text aspects contributes to their overall grasp of the text. It is possible to employ text features to assist break down information and give more information or clarification about the topic or story that is being delivered. What diagnostic procedure may be performed to establish whether or not there are deficiencies in the interpretation of print concepts? Tools for Structured Literacy Instruction The terms sequential and cumulative are used interchangeably.

  1. Basic print ideas should be taught early on, with text features introduced later on.
  2. Text characteristics are best taught by modeling, which is the most effective method.
  3. Make a point of pointing out the various text features and showing how to use them.
  4. A student’s mastery of text features is demonstrated by his or her ability to independently and accurately identify the various text features and employ them when reading.

Practice Resources

1 What are text features and how do they work? Examples of text manipulation and placement that may be used to bring attention to or accentuate specific points or ideas in a story are defined as follows: One of the most significant characteristics of literary and informative content that aids the reader in comprehending it (i.e., title, illustrations, diagrams, labels, bulleted lists, captions, etc.) Parts of a text that are not part of the main body of the text and denote specific aspects (e.g., the title, author, copyright information, and dedication).

Textual elements that are important for providing structure and assisting readers in locating information (e.g., page numbers, table of contents, captions, glossary, and index).

2 Why should you pay attention to text features?

It is possible to quickly determine what material you will learn about by looking at the titles in the table of contents or on a page.

Finding the suitable meaning for the following text characteristics can be accomplished by consulting a dictionary.

A title is a name given to a piece of writing, such as a book, play, film, musical composition, or other work.

I can read the title and make a prediction or get insight into what the narrative could be about based on the information provided.

The subtitle will be displayed immediately following the main title.

The subtitles assist me in narrowing my focus and determining whether or not I want to read that particular article or book.

If I know who wrote the article/subject, I will be able to learn more about it.

Heading The title, subtitle, or topic that appears at the top or opening of something, such as a paragraph, letter, or chapter.

A subheading is a term used to refer to a heading in another way.

In general, there is no specificity.

It is possible for me to gain further information regarding the information supplied if I examine the source specified under the footnote.

This material can be relocated, and the original source of the information can be credited for their assistance.

Visual information such as an image, graph, or chart that either gives me with additional details or presents the information in a visually appealing manner that I can grasp better.

Image/Illustration The term “picture” refers to any visual representation (of an item, a scene, a person, or an abstraction) created on a surface.

Illustrations and photographs are accompanied with captions, which are titles, brief explanations, or descriptions of the images.

5 Definition that is appropriate Description of the Text FeatureAppropriate Definition Purpose What role does the text feature play in assisting me in reading and comprehending information?

A table of contents is a list of the important sections of a book, together with the page numbers in each section.

GlossaryAn alphabetical list of often difficult or specialized terms, together with meanings, that is typically found at the end of a book or at the beginning of a chapter In order to figure out the meaning of essential phrases, I may utilize the glossary to look them up.

The index contains an alphabetical listing of the main names, phrases, events, and subjects, as well as page numbers for each item on the list.

a piece of writing (Bold, Color, Italics) A font style that makes it possible for the words to stand out from the rest of the text.

An image or text box is a rectangular frame within which text or images are displayed.

Date (for example, “Saturday, February 19th, 1944”) A specific moment or period of time during which something occurred or existed, or when something is predicted to occur. It aids me in comprehending the succession of events in time.

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