In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
When referencing a book?
- When you cite or mention a book in a paper, you should italicize the title. Citations of books in your Reference List should begin with the last name of the book’s author, then the author’s initials. Next, write the year of publication within parentheses.
- 1 How do you cite a Book in APA in-text?
- 2 How do you cite a Book in an essay MLA?
- 3 How do you cite a Book example?
- 4 How do you reference a Book in a research paper?
- 5 How do you cite a Book page in an essay?
- 6 How do you cite a story from a textbook?
- 7 How do I cite an online book?
- 8 In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
- 9 APA Citation Basics
- 10 Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
- 11 How do I refer to a book by title in-text in APA format?
- 12 How to cite a book in APA Style
- 13 Basic book citation format
- 14 Ebooks and online books
- 15 Citing a chapter from an edited book
- 16 Multivolume books
- 17 Where to find the information for an APA book citation
- 18 Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations
- 19 How to Cite a Book in MLA
- 20 In MLA, a basic book citation includes the following information:
- 21 Citing a book in MLA (print)
- 22 Citing a book found on a Website or database in MLA
- 23 Citing an E-book in MLA (found via an e-reader)
- 24 Citing a translated or edited book in MLA
- 25 Citing a chapter of a book in MLA
- 26 Citing a book with multiple authors in MLA
- 27 Research Guides: Citation Guide: Home
- 28 LibGuides: Citation Resources: APA 7th Ed: In-Text Citations
- 29 What Are In-Text Citations?
- 30 How to write an in-text citation
- 31 APA Format In-Text Citations
- 32 MLA and Chicago Formatting
- 33 Do’s and Don’ts of In-text Citations
- 34 LibGuides: APA Style (7th Edition) Citation Guide: Books & Ebooks
- 35 Citing a Book in APA
- 36 Featured links:
- 37 How to Cite a Book in APA Format
- 38 APA Book Citation: Basic Structure
- 39 Edited Book With One or More Authors
- 40 Edited Book With No Author
- 41 Article Featured in an Edited Book
- 42 Translated Book
- 43 Multivolume Work
- 44 Ebook or Audiobook
- 45 More Tips to Follow
- 46 A Word From Verywell
How do you cite a Book in APA in-text?
Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
How do you cite a Book in an essay MLA?
Works Cited List: Last name, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection, edited by Editor Name(s). Publisher, Year, pp Page range of entry.
How do you cite a Book example?
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Translated by First Name Last Name, Publisher, Publication Date.
How do you reference a Book in a research paper?
References to books should include the following:
- The author(s), or editor(s) – by surname and initial(s)
- Year of publication.
- The title (in italics or bold)
- The edition other than the first (if applicable)
- Place of publication.
- The publisher’s name.
How do you cite a Book page in an essay?
MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
How do you cite a story from a textbook?
MLA Short Story Textbook Citation Format Author’s Last, First Name. “Short Story Title.” Title of Collection, edited by Editor’s Name, Edition, Publisher, Year, pp.
How do I cite an online book?
Author (Last name, first name). Title of Book. Edition (if available), Publisher (if available), Year of online publication. Name of Website or Database, URL (without the http:// or https://) or DOI number.
In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
Note:This page contains the most recent edition of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual (APA 7), which was issued in October 2019. You may find the similar material for the older APA 6 style in this section. The Publication Manual’s pages 261-268 provide guidance on how to use reference citations in text. Some general principles for citing other people’s work in your essay are provided below for your convenience. It is recommended on pages 117-118 of the Publication Manual that writers of research articles use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal words that appear in the literature review and technique descriptions (for example, Jones (1998) discovered or Jones (1998) has discovered.) Jones (1998) discovers that the simple present tense may be used in contexts other than those associated with typically organized research writing.
APA Citation Basics
When writing in APA format, the author-date technique of in-text citation should be used. This implies that the last name of the author, as well as the year of publication for the source, should be included in the text, such as, for example (Jones, 1998). The reference list at the conclusion of the document should contain one complete reference for each source cited throughout the study. If you are referring to an idea from another work but are not directly quoting the material, or if you are making reference to an entire book, article, or other work, you only need to include the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and do not need to include the page number in your reference.
Before providing the page number, use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) to indicate that it is the first page (s).
If you want to write (Jones, 1998, p.
199–201), for example, you might write This information is restated in the next section.
Capitalization, quotations, and italics/underlining are all acceptable in-text citations.
- Proper nouns, including author names and initials, should always be capitalized: Jones, D.
- Jones, D. If you make reference to the title of a source inside your work, be sure to capitalize any terms that are four letters or longer in length within the title of a source, such as: The concepts of permanence and change are intertwined. Short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs are exempt from this rule. Examples include: There is nothing left to lose when it comes to new media writing.
(Please keep in mind that just the first word of a title will be capitalized in your References list: Writing new media.)
- Titles that contain a hyphenated compound word should be capitalized on both words: Cyborgs that were born naturally
- After a dash or a colon, capitalize the first word that follows: Hitchcock’s Vertigo serves as a case study in “Defining Film Rhetoric.” For works whose titles are italics in your reference list, italicize them in the text as well, and use title case capitalization in the text: Friends
- The Wizard of Oz
- The Closing of the American Mind
- The Closing of the American Mind If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even if the reference list is written in sentence case): “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
- ” “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
- ” “The One in which Chandler is unable to cry.”
It is necessary to mention the author, publication year, and page number for a reference when directly quoting from a book (preceded by “p.” for a single page and “pp.” for a span of several pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash). Using a signal phrase that comprises the author’s last name, followed by the date of publication in parenthesis, you can introduce the quotation. Jones (1998) states that “students frequently had problems utilizing APA style, particularly when it was their first time” (p.
Jones (1998) discovered that “students frequently had trouble employing APA style” (p.
Wherever possible, omitting the author’s last name but including his or her year of publication and page number in the text of the sentence will be accepted as proper citation practice.
Jones (1998) said that “students frequently had problems employing the APA style,” however she could not provide an explanation as to why this was the case.
Direct quotations that are 40 words or more should be included in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, with quotation marks omitted if possible. Starting on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, or at the same spot as you would begin a new paragraph, insert the quotation at the beginning of the paragraph. Create a new margin and indent any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by separating them by 1/2 inch from the new margin. Type the full quotation on the new margin and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by 1/2 inch from the new margin.
The parenthetical citation should appear after the period at the end of the paragraph.
An example of how to format block quotes in the APA 7 style.
Quotations from sources without pages
It is not necessary to include a page number in direct quotations from sources that do not contain any pages. As an alternative, you may refer to another piece of logical identification, such as a paragraph, a chapter number, a section number, a table number, or something else entirely. Older works (such as religious writings) may additionally include particular location identifiers, such as verse numbers, to help readers find their way around. For the most part, choose a page number replacement that makes sense for your original material.
Summary or paraphrase
The author and year of publication are all that are required in your in-text reference if you are paraphrasing a concept from another book. The page numbers are not required in this case. According to APA rules, however, giving a page range for a summary or paraphrase where it will assist the reader in finding the material in a lengthier work is strongly encouraged. As Jones (1998) points out, the APA style is a tough citation format to master for first-time learners. For first-time learners, APA style is a tough citation system to master (Jones, 1998, p.
Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
Rather than appearing at the conclusion of long clauses or phrases, in-text references should occur immediately after the title, word, or phrase to which they are closely related. References inside the text should always come before punctuation marks. The following are some examples of in-text citations. The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (GassVaronis, 1984).
Authors that belong to a group include: The first citation is as follows: (American Psychological Association, 2015) Following that, a citation is made: (APA, 2015) Several pieces of work: (separate each work with semi-colons) According to research, listening to a specific dialect increases comprehension of accented speech in general, not only in that accent (GassVaronis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).
- The following is a verbatim quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (GassVaronis, 1984, p.
- According to Gass and Varonis (1984), “the listener’s prior knowledge of the topic of discourse substantially assists the comprehension of the entire message” (p.
- Note: For direct quotes of more than 40 words, the quote should be displayed as an indented block of text without quotation marks, with the names of the authors, the year of publication, and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end.
- That is, prior exposure to nonnative speech, such as that received by listening to the reading, makes it easier to comprehend what is being read.
77) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal
How do I refer to a book by title in-text in APA format?
The following is the fundamental format for an in-text citation:Title of the Book (Author Last Name, year). Examples Among the works of one author: Sendak’s Where the Wild Things Are (1963), which depicts a little boy dealing with his mother’s resentment, is a classic. Two authors (insert both names in each citation): To investigate evidence of sex role stereotyping, Brabant and Mooney (1986) employed a comic strip as a starting point. OR The comic strip has been used to investigate indications of sex role stereotyping (Brabant et al., 2000).
- Authors with three or more names (including the first author as well as et al.): Claire and colleagues (2016) published Tales from the Shadowhunter Academy, which recounts a young man’s experience at the Shadowhunter Academy, which is a place where being a former vampire is looked down upon.
- There is no author: Cite the first few words of the reference item (typically the title) as well as the year in which it was published.
- As an illustration, consider the bookStudy Guide(2000) (“Reading,” 1999).
- Using the same set of parentheses, you can list all of the sources by the author’s last name and the year of publication in the text, separated by semicolons.
- As an illustration: (Adams, 1999; JonesJames, 2000; Miller, 1999) More information on how to cite books in-text and as a reference entry may be found on pages 321-325 of the APA Publication Manual (7th edition), Section 10.2 (In-Text and Reference Entry Citation).
How to cite a book in APA Style
Jack Caulfield published a new article on November 14, 2019. On October 27, 2021, a revision was made. This article is written in accordance with the American Psychological Association’s 7th edition criteria. The American Psychological Association’s sixth edition guidelines may be found here. APA Style book citations include the author’s name, publication year, book title, and publisher as a mandatory element in every citation. Examples may be viewed with the interactive interface. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
- The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
- The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
- The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. It should be noted that the format for reference books like as dictionaries and encyclopedias, as well as for biblical works such as the Bible, is slightly different.
Basic book citation format
The author’s last name, the year of publication, and (if applicable) a page number are all included in the APA in-text citation for a book. When creating a reference list, begin with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year of publication. The title of the book is written in the case of sentences (only capitalize the first word and anyproper nouns). Include any other authors (for example, editors and translators) as well as the edition number (for example, “2nd ed.”).
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Book title(Editor/translator initials,Last name, Ed.orTrans.) (Edition).Publisher.|
|Reference entry||Anderson, B. (1983).Imagined communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism. Verso.|
|In-text citation||(Anderson, 1983, p. 23)|
Ebooks and online books
The DOI is included in the citation of an ebook (i.e. a book accessible through an e-reader) or a book viewed online (e.g. on Google Books or in PDF format). If there is no DOI for the book, link to the website where you read it, or to the page where the ebook may be purchased or accessed if there is no DOI. Because ebooks do not often carry page numbers, the American Psychological Association (APA) suggests that you use alternative means to identify a specific piece in your in-text citations, such as a chapter or section title or a paragraph number.
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Book title.Publisher.URLorDOI|
|Reference entry||Burns, A. (2018).Milkman. FaberFaber.|
|In-text citation||(Burns, 2018, para. 15)|
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Citing a chapter from an edited book
It is customary to begin citations for individual chapters from books that contain texts written by a variety of writers (for example, an anthology of essays), and to refer to the book’s editor(s) later in the reference. The chapter’s placement within the book is indicated with a page range.
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Title of chapter. InEditor initials.Last name(Ed.orEds.),Book title(pp.page range).Publisher.DOI if available|
|Reference entry||Belsey, C. (2006). Poststructuralism. In S. MalpasP. Wake (Eds.),The Routledge companion to critical theory(pp. 51–61). Routledge.|
|In-text citation||(Belsey, 2006, p. 55).|
Some novels are published in a series of volumes. If you’ve utilized numerous volumes of a book, you may want to credit the full book, or you may only want to reference a single volume if that’s all you used.
Citing a single volume
A little variation in the structure is required when using one volume of a multivolume book, depending on whether each volume has a title or is simply identified by a number. If the volume has a specific title, this should be included in the title of your reference list item as part of the title of the volume. T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Waste Land” (2015). TS Eliot’s poetry, Volume 1: The Complete Poems Poems, both collected and uncollected (C. RicksJ. McCue, Eds.). Faber Faber. Alternatively, if the volume is merely numbering and not titled, the volume number is not italicized and is instead displayed in parentheses following the title.
Dylan is credited with inventing the term “dylan” in the early twentieth century (2005).
Citing a multivolume book as a whole
When quoting the entire book, use the volume numbers in parentheses after the title of the book. Individual volume titles, even if they exist, are not included in this list. T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Waste Land” (2015). T. S. Eliot’s poetry (Vols. 1–2) are a collection of his poems (C. RicksJ. McCue, Eds.). FaberFaber.
Where to find the information for an APA book citation
The title and copyright pages of a book generally contain all of the information you need to properly mention it.
The following would be the APA reference listentry for the book mentioned above: Butler, C., et al (2002). Postmodernism: a very brief introduction to the concept. Oxford University Press is a publishing house based in Oxford, England.
Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations
When is it OK to cite a chapter rather than the entire book? When the chapters of a book are authored by multiple writers, it is necessary to specify the precise chapter to which you are referring. When all of the chapters are authored by the same author (or group of writers), you should typically reference the entire book, however certain styles allow for exceptions to this rule in certain circumstances.
- If you merely quote or paraphrase from one chapter of a single-author book under APA Style, the entire book should be mentioned. If a single-author book contains a collection of stand-alone works (for example, short tales), you should reference each individual work according to MLA Style. If you believe that referencing a single chapter of a single-author book is more acceptable than quoting the entire book, you may choose to do so according to Chicago Style.
Check out other APA examples
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|How to cite an encyclopedia in APA Style||How to cite an image in APA Style|
|How to cite an interview in APA Style||How to cite the Bible in APA Style|
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How to Cite a Book in MLA
Copy and paste into Google Classroom Published on the 20th of October, 2011. On September 27, 2021, the information was updated. Books are written works or compositions that have been made available for public consumption. No longer bound to paper, they have grown into the world of electronic communication. The following sections provide examples of how to reference various types of books in MLA 9.
In MLA, a basic book citation includes the following information:
- Name of the author
- Title of the book
- Publisher of the book
- Year of publication
Additional information is needed when citing:
- Author or editor of a book’s publication name Author’s name for the chapter
- The usage of page numbers or ranges of page numbers
- The book’s volume number is referred to as
- It is a rare book if it was published before 1900, contains versions that are different in various countries, or was published before 1900.
Citing a book in MLA (print)
|Structure||Author’s last name, First name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.|
|Example||James, Henry.The Ambassadors.Serenity, 2009.|
View a screenshot|Insert the title of your book
|Structure||(Author Last Name Page)ORLast Name (Page)|
|Example||(Henry 33)ORHenry (33)|
Citing a book found on a Website or database in MLA
Many novels may now be found on the internet. Google Books, Project Gutenberg, and EBSCO are just a few of the popular websites and databases that provide e-books.
|Structure||Author’s last name, First name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.Title of website or database, URL.|
|Example||Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith.Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015.Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUC lpg=PP1 dq=zombies pg=PP1 v=onepag e q=zombies f=false.|
Cite your book *Only when citing a DOI should you include ” at the beginning of the URL. When using digital sources that do not provide page numbers, it is not necessary to add page numbers in the in-text citation.
|Structure||(Last Names)ORLast Names|
|Example||(Austen and Grahame-Smith)ORAusten and Grahame-Smith|
Citing an E-book in MLA (found via an e-reader)
E-Readers are electronic devices that are capable of displaying electronic books. Kindles and Nooks are two of the most popular electronic readers on the market today. Individuals may purchase or rent e-books, which they can then read on their e-readers or other electronic devices.
|Structure||Author’s last name, First name.Title of the e-Book. E-book ed., Publisher, Year published. Name of e-reader device.|
|Example||Doer, Anthony.All the Light We Cannot See. E-book ed., Scribner, 2014. Kindle.|
Cite your ebook *Only when referencing a DOI should you include ” at the beginning of the URL. Because page numbers in an e-book might change depending on the e-reader, text settings, and other factors, you should avoid include a page number in your description. This is due to the fact that there is no regular page numbering. Section numbers (sec., secs.) or chapter numbers (ch., chs.) can be used instead of page numbers (pg., pgs.) if they are available and you believe they would be useful.
|Structure||(Last Names, Chapter or Section)ORLast Names (Chapter or Section)|
|Example||(Austen and Grahame-Smith, ch. 1)ORAusten and Grahame-Smith (ch. 1)|
Citing a translated or edited book in MLA
|Structure||Author’s Last name, First name.Title of the Book.Translated by OR Edited by First name Last name, Publisher, Year published.|
|Example||Murakami, Haruki.A Wild Sheep Chase. Translated by Alfred Birnbaum, Vintage Books, 2015.|
Make a reference to your book.
|Structure||(Last Name Page)ORLast Names (Page)|
|Example||(Murakami 27)ORMurakami (27)|
Citing a chapter of a book in MLA
|Structure||Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of chapter or section.”Title of the Book, edited by First name Last name, Publisher, Year published, page number(s).|
|Example||Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.”The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87.|
Make a reference to your book. * According to the example above, The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000is an edited book that includes a chapter written by Louis Montrose as well as other authors. The title of the chapter that he authored may be found in quotation marks (“Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies” is the title of the chapter that he wrote).
|Structure||(Last Name Page)ORLast Name (Page)|
|Example||(Montrose 62)OR Montrose (62)|
|Structure||1st Last Name, First Name, and 2nd First Name Last Name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.|
|Example||Charaipotra, Sona, and Dhonielle Clayton.Tiny pretty things. HarperTeen, 2016.|
Make a reference to your book.
|Structure||(1st Last Name and 2nd Last Name Page)OR1st Last Name and 2nd Last Name (Page)|
|Example||(Charaipotra and Clayton 63)ORCharaipotra and Clayton (63)|
|Structure||1st Last Name, First Name, et al.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.|
|Example||Matthews, Graham, et al.Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and Museums.Ashgate, 2009.|
*et al. is a Latin phrase that means “and others.” Make a reference to your book.
|Structure||(1st Last Name et al. Page)OR1st Last Name et al. (Page)|
|Example||(Matthews et al. 17)ORMatthews et al. (17)|
Published on the 20th of October, 2011. The most recent update was made on May 9, 2021. In MLA format, how do I reference a book published by an organization? The following works are cited: If the organization is both the author and the publisher, omit the inclusion of an author and begin the citation with the title of the book. If the author and publisher are not the same entity, the organization name should be used as the author. When should I use a chapter citation in MLA format? When the author of a chapter is different from the editor or author of the book in which the chapter appears.
- How do you format an in-text citation for an e-book in the MLA style?
- “Believing that Peter was on his way back, the Neverland had once more sprung to life,” for example (Barrie ch.
- Who is the target audience for the MLA citation style?
- In the event that information regarding my source is lacking, what should I do?
- If you are unable to do so, leave the information blank and continue working on your citation elsewhere.
- Instructions on how to create manual citations may be found by clicking here.
You will need the following information in order to reference a book with several authors in MLA style: the authors’ names, the year the book was published, the book title, and the publishing company.
The initial and last names of the first author should be used followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” when referencing sources with three and more writers (e.g., Harold Napoleon and others).
In the first instance, Harold Napoleon and colleagues.
or Napoleon and others.
In parenthetical citations, only the author’s surname should be included (e.g., Napoleon).
When there are three or more authors listed in a source, use the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” As an illustration:.
Publisher and publication date are provided.
with commentary on Yuuyaraq, The Way of the Human Being.
In the entry, just the first author’s name should be used in surname–first name sequence, and it should be followed by the phrase “et al.” When it comes to MLA format, what is the difference between a book and an e-book?
To properly reference a print book in MLA style, you must know the names of the authors, the title of the book, the publisher’s name, the year of publication, and the page range of the printed book (optional).
Citations for print books and electronic books are treated almost identically by MLA, except that it is necessary to note within each entry that it is the e-book edition that is being cited.
The book’s working title.
As an illustration, Masaio, Antonio.
Penguin Publishing Company, 1994.
The book’s working title. E-book edition, publisher, and publication date are all provided. Barbara Davis, for example. The Keeper of Happy Endings, as the name suggests. Lake Union Publishing will publish an e-book edition in 2021.
Research Guides: Citation Guide: Home
The date of publication is the 20th of October 2011. May 9, 2021 – This page has been updated! When writing an MLA reference for a book published by an organization, how should I format the reference correctly? Following are some examples of works cited: The book’s title should be used as the starting point for citations if the organization is both the author and publisher. The name of the organization should be used as the author if the author and publisher are different. A chapter in MLA format should be cited only when it is necessary.
- When you utilize anthologies, multi-volume collections, or a foreword/afterword written by someone other than the book’s main author, it is customary to reference the chapters in your work.
- Use parentheses to separate the borrowed quotation or material from the original author’s last name and the chapter number from which it was taken.
- Literature, language, history, art, and theater are some of the topics where MLA style is most commonly utilized.
- In the event that any critical information is missing (e.g., the author’s name, the title of the book, the year of publication, the URL, etc.), first check to see if you can locate it in the source.
- Are manual citations something that I can create?
- Manual citations are always an option, whether you want to learn how to generate citations on your own, our Autocite tool isn’t able to capture the metadata you want, or anything in between.
- When using MLA style, how do I reference a book that has several authors?
The following are the templates for in-text citations and works-cited-list entries for a book produced by many authors, as well as some examples: Template and example of in-text citations: For example, here is a formal citation: Cite both complete author names in prose when using sources with two writers (e.g., Harold Napoleon and Richard Harris).
- Cite simply the author’s surname followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” in any subsequent references to the original work (e.g., Napoleon and others).
- or Harold Napoleon and others.
- or Napoleon and others.
- The author’s surname is all that should be used in parenthetical citations (e.g., Napoleon).
- Use the surname of the first author, followed by the words “et al.” when there are three or more authors listed.
- (Napoleon et al.) Template and example of a works-cited-list entry: Using italics and title case, the title of the book is stated.
with commentary on Yuuyaraq’s The Way of the Human Being In 1996, the University of Alaska published a paper on the subject.
When it comes to MLA formatting, what is the difference between a book and an e-book?
A print book in MLA format must be cited using the author’s last name, book title (including page number range), publisher’s last name, publication date (including page number range), and page number range (if applicable) (optional).
Citations for print books and electronic books are treated almost identically by MLA, except that it is necessary to note inside an entry that it is the e-book edition that is being cited.
The book’s title is Publisher, publication date, and page range are all required fields in this field.
Penguin Books published this book in 1994.
The book’s title is Publisher, date of publication, and e-book edition Consider the following example: Barbara Davis. The Guardian of Happily Ever Afters. Lake Union Publishing will release an e-book edition in 2021.
LibGuides: Citation Resources: APA 7th Ed: In-Text Citations
The date of publication is October 20, 2011. This page was last updated on May 9, 2021. In MLA format, how do I mention a book published by a non-profit organization? Among the works referenced are: If the organization is both the author and the publisher, do not mention an author in the citation and instead begin with the title of the book. If the author and publisher are not the same person, the organization name should be used as the author. When do I need to reference a chapter in MLA format?
- When you utilize anthologies, multi-volume collections, or a foreword/afterword written by someone other than the book’s main author, it is customary to mention chapters.
- After the quotation or information from another source, include the author’s last name and the chapter number in parenthesis.
- Literature, language, history, art, and theater are some of the topics where MLA style is most frequently utilized.
- In the event that any critical information is missing (e.g., the author’s name, the title of the book, the year of publication, the URL, etc.), first check to see if you can locate it in the source yourself.
- Is it possible to generate a manual citation?
- Manual citations are always an option, whether you’d want to learn how to generate citations on your own, our Autocite tool isn’t able to gather the metadata you require, or anything in between.
- In MLA style, how do I cite a book that has numerous authors?
The following are the templates for in-text citation and works-cited-list entries for a book produced by numerous authors, as well as some examples: Template and example of in-text citation: In prose, the following is a citation: When there are two writers on a source, utilize their complete author names in the paragraph (e.g., Harold Napoleon and Richard Harris).
- In following citations, just the initial author’s surname should be used, followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Napoleon and others).
- or Harold Napoleon and others.
- or Napoleon and others.
- In parenthetical citations, just the author’s surname should be used (e.g., Napoleon).
- When there are three or more authors listed in a source, use the surname of the first author followed by the words “et al.” As an illustration:.
- Surname, F.
- Publisher and date of publication are provided.
- with commentary on Yuuyaraq: The Way of the Human Being.
- Book is a physical copy, but an e-book is an online version that may be accessed through a variety of technological mediums (e.g., epub and Kindle).
- When citing an e-book, you will use the same information as when citing a print book; however, you will not add page numbers unless they are the same as those in the print edition of the book you are citing.
The following are templates and samples of in-text citations and works cited list entries for a book and an electronic book, respectively: Books to be printed Template and example of an in-text citation for a book: The following is a prose citation: Author Surname Damasio (Author Surname Page) is a parenthetical citation (Damasio 7) Template for a works cited list entry, as well as an example: The following is the template: surname, first name.
The book’s title is.
For instance, Masaio, Antonio.
Penguin Books, 1994.
The book’s title is. Publisher, publication date, and e-book edition. Barbara Davis, for instance. ‘The Keeper of Happy Endings,’ as they say. Lake Union Publishing will publish an e-book version in 2021.
When you utilize the author’s last name in the narrative of your work, do not include the author’s first and last names in the parenthesis. Dr. Seuss made the observation that “the swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound” in his scientific investigation (2007, pp. 7-8). “The swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound,” as Dr. Seuss put it in his book “The Lorax” in 2007. (pp. 7-8).
Citations with Missing Elements
Keep the author’s last name out of the parenthesis whenever you utilize it in the narrative section of your paper. Doctor Seuss made the observation that “the swift brown fox hopped over the slow dog” during his scholastic investigation (2007, pp. 7-8). 2007 was the year in which Dr. Seuss made the observation that “the swift brown fox hopped over the slow dog” (pp. 7-8).
Paraphrasing is the process of putting another person’s thoughts into your own words, which allows you to efficiently summarize and synthesize knowledge (p. 269). When paraphrasing concepts, you have the option of using either narrative or parenthetical citations. Using previously existing classroom literature education, stories may be utilized to teach social skills to kids. Emphasis should be placed on lessons that assist students analyze events and sympathize with characters (WolfBaker, 2012).
Seuss’ books to teach social skills to their pupils, based on a case study from one classroom teacher (p.
Keep in mind that if the source material is lengthy or difficult to understand, page numbers should be included to assist the reader in locating the text that is being paraphrased or referred to in your paper.
What Are In-Text Citations?
When a reference is made within the body of text of an academic essay, it is known as an in-text citation. The in-text reference directs the reader’s attention to a source that has influenced your own work and vice versa. The specific syntax of an in-text citation will vary depending on the style you are writing in, for example, APA or Chicago. Examine the in-text citations with your academic institution to confirm that you offer them in the manner that they require, and then use Cite This For Me’s citation generator to generate them for you instantly.
How to write an in-text citation
When citing a quotation or paraphrase, it is often sufficient to mention simply the author’s last name, date of publication, and page number from which the quotation or paraphrase was taken, with the entire reference appearing in your bibliography (or works cited) page at the conclusion of your essay. Because it is so obvious to the reader, the in-text citation should be placed in brackets immediately after the passage you have quoted or paraphrased, so that the reader may easily recognize it.
Are you looking for a simpler solution? Rather of doing the legwork yourself, why not let Cite This For Me do it for you using our free mobile app or web tool? More than 7,000 styles are now available in our catalog, and we are continually adding new ones, ensuring that we have the type you want.
APA Format In-Text Citations
APA style allows in-text citations to be used after a direct quotation or after paraphrased information. In the case of direct quotations, the in-text citation should be given shortly after. It is customary to include the author’s surname as well as the year of publication and the relevant page number or numbers in the in-text citation of a book. If you are citing a book, the in-text citation will typically include the author’s surname as well as the relevant page number or numbers, enclosed by parentheses.
- For example, Gandalf remarked, “All we have to determine is what we will accomplish with the time that has been granted to us” (Tolkien, 1954, p.
- If you make a direct reference to the author inside the text, you are not required to mention the author’s name in the in-text citation.
- Tolkien says, “All we have to determine is what to do with the time that is given us,” in the first book of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, The Fellowship of the Ring, in which the character Frodo Baggins is introduced.
- If you’re citing content that has been paraphrased, a page number is not usually required.
- Examples include the conflict between good and evil that runs through The Lord of the Rings and other films (Tolkien, 1954).
MLA and Chicago Formatting
In order to keep you on your toes, the different formats use varied requirements for in-text citations to keep things interesting. When using MLA format in-text citations, for example, the author’s last name or the first item contained in the entire citation if the author’s name is not included is commonly used instead of the publication date to avoid confusion. For example, let’s take the identical in-text citation example from earlier and convert it to MLA style for simplicity. “All we have to determine is what we will do with the time that has been granted to us,” Gandalf explained (Tolkien 20).
A source’s identification information that is contained in the paragraph is unnecessary in the parenthetical citation.
The parenthetical reference would not be necessary in this scenario, either the source did not offer page numbers or because it was not important to add the page number.
Alternatively, some writers who adhere to the Chicago style opt to employ a notes and bibliography system, which eliminates the need for in-text citations entirely and instead relies on numbered footnotes or endnotes to provide additional information.
You may discover helpful citation instructions for the APA, MLA, and Chicago styles on the Cite This For Me website, which can assist you in learning how to make in-text citations.
Do’s and Don’ts of In-text Citations
Make an effort to maintain consistency. One of the most crucial components of citation creation is to ensure that you select a citation style and adhere to it throughout the entirety of your document. Before you begin writing your paper, double-check the criteria for in-text citations in your chosen style, whether you’re using APA format or a different style. From the beginning to the conclusion, follow those regulations. DON’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING. In situations where you are including material from another source, it might be all too simple to think to yourself, “the reader will know where this originated from.” Citations should not be treated in this manner since failing to provide in-text references might result in you being accused of plagiarism and obtaining a negative score on your paper.
- Make your in-text citations as soon as possible.
- Last-minute paper tension might result from delaying your paper till the last minute.
- DON’T OVERUSE THIS FORMULA.
- It is sufficient to include a single in-text citation at the beginning or conclusion of a paragraph or group of sentences that incorporates material from a single source throughout the paragraph or group of statements.
- It is usually a good idea to double-check your in-text citations after you have finished writing your paper and before submitting it to your teacher for review.
- Make one last pass through your in-text citations before submitting your paper for grading to ensure that they are accurate.
- If you are unclear of how to begin creating your in-text citations for your paper, it is always a good idea to consult with your instructor for guidance.
- It is likely that the assignment instructions they provide will include specifics on how to format citations in the manner in which they expect them to be formatted.
Cite This For Me is a tool that allows you to create a bibliography as well as format in-text citations. You will find thousands of styles on the site, as well as a Harvard referencing generator and many different source types, when you visit it.
LibGuides: APA Style (7th Edition) Citation Guide: Books & Ebooks
Authors/Editors An author’s name will not always be the same as a person’s name. It might be a government agency or a private corporation, such as Health Canada. Group or corporate writers are the terms used to describe these individuals. The book title should be used first, followed by the year of release in round brackets, if there is no author or editor listed for the book in question. If an author is also the publisher, the publisher’s name should be omitted from the citation. This is particularly common with authors who are part of a corporation or organization.
- It is customary to mention the first 19 authors or editors of a book, followed by three spaced ellipsis points (.), and then the last author’s name when there are more than 21 authors or editors.
- First letter of the first word in the title should be capitalized.
- When writing titles, capitalize the initial letter of proper names, such as the names of places or persons.
- Italicizing the titles of articles or book chapters is not recommended.
- If there is a colon in the article title, capitalize the first letter of the first word that follows the colon as well as the first letter of the following words.
- You should only specify the location of works that are related with a specific location, such as conference presentations.
- In the case of foreign nations, include the city name as well as the country.
- The format, platform, or device (e.g., Kindle) should not be referenced in the citation.
- Include the narrator’s name and the audiobook note if the book is an audiobook.
- Though it was never published in print, approach it as if it were a multi-page website with several sections.
Citing a Book in APA
The APA citation format is as follows: Last name and first initial of the author.
The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Year in which the book was published.) The title of the piece. Publisher. For instance, Moriarty, L. (2014). Little white falsehoods that add up to a lot. G. P. Putnam’s Sons is a publishing house based in New York City.
Last name, first initial are the basic structure. Middle initial, last name, and first initial are all acceptable. Middle initial, last name, and first initial are all possible combinations. The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Date). The title and the publisher are provided. For instance, Goldin, C. D., and Katz, L. F. (2008). The struggle between education and technological advancement is on. Harvard University Press is published by the Belknap Press of Harvard University. G.
Smith, and G.
In the archives, libraries, and museums, disaster management is essential.
Full versions of E-books:
E-books are often accessed through one of three methods: a website, an e-reader, or a database. The following is the structure: author’s last name, first initial. The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Year in which the book was published.) The title of the piece. P. Auster is an example of this (2007). The follies of Brooklyn are a collection of amusement parks in Brooklyn, New York. Utilize the “Book” form on CitationMachine.com, select “Manual entry mode,” and then select the “E-book” option to have your ebooks automatically citations.
A website with books, journal articles, YouTube videos, images, motion pictures, interviews, and PDF files is called an APA citation generator.
How to Cite a Book in APA Format
Photograph by Tom Werner / Getty Images The American Psychological Association’s official style, the APA format, is utilized in both academic and professional writing, and it can be found on their website. In order to properly format your references in your papers, essays, articles, and reports, it is essential that you understand how to use the APA style while creating your reference page. This style defines certain norms and principles for various forms of references, including books, that must be followed.
According on a variety of circumstances, such as the genre of book and the number of writers, the format might differ significantly.
APA Book Citation: Basic Structure
The fundamental format of a book reference should include the author’s last name, the first initial of their first name, the first initial of their middle name (if relevant), the year the book was published, the title of the book, the edition (if it is not the first edition), and the publisher. This is the same format used for both printed books and electronic publications. The DOI link for the source should also be supplied at the end of the citation if one is available for it. The following illustration illustrates one citation that includes a DOI hyperlink and another that does not.
The year of publication is indicated by a parenthetical citation.
Book Citations in APA
Jackson, L. M., et al (2019). Prejudice and its psychological underpinnings: From attitudes to social action (2nd ed.). Affiliation of the American Psychological Association. C. R. Rogers et al (1961). On the path to becoming a human. Houghton Mifflin Company.
This fundamental framework may be used to a wide range of books, whether they have a single author or numerous writers. Books that are edited, do not have an author, are translated, or require specialist formatting may require one of the following forms, which are listed below:
Edited Book With One or More Authors
The names of the editors will be included in the citation for edited books that include one or more authors on the cover. When referencing a book, it should follow the standard format, but it should additionally include the first name initial, last name, as well as “Ed.” for a single editor, or “Eds.” for several editors, in parenthesis following the title of the book. To distinguish between several writers and multiple editors, use an ampersand.
Citing Authors and Editors
Adler, A. Adler, A. Adler, A. Adler, A. (1956). Selections from Alfred Adler’s works are presented in a methodical manner in this study of his individual psychology. (Edited by H. L. Ansbacher and R. R. Ansbacher.) Books on the Fundamentals. G. Marson, D. Keenan-Miller, and C. Costin have published a paper in Science (2020). The binge eating prevention worksheet is available here. (M. Solis is the editor.) Harbinger Publications is a new imprint.
Edited Book With No Author
When there is no author for an edited work, the editors should be listed first. List the editor’s last name and first initial, followed by “Ed.” or “Eds.” in parenthesis, followed by the title of the publication. In order to maintain consistency throughout the reference, the publication year, book title in italics, and publisher should be included in the body of the reference. Any edition other than the first should be stated in parenthesis following the title of the book, with no italics. If the book is not the first edition, it should be noted in parentheses after the title of the book.
J. W. Atkinson and J. O. Rayner are the editors of this book (1974). Motivation and success are intertwined. V. H. Winston is a fictional character created by author V. H. Winston.
Article Featured in an Edited Book
Occasionally, edited publications contain a collection of pieces published by a variety of different authors. You should put the last name and first initial of the individual author(s) after the publication date and chapter title when citing an article from a collection like this. Following that, the names of the editors should be included, followed by the title of the book and the page numbers of the relevant chapters. The name of the publisher is listed last.
Citing an Article in a Book
C. R. Bartol and A. M. Bartol are co-authors of this paper (2005). The development of forensic psychology. The Handbook of Forensic Psychology, edited by I. B. Weiner and A. K. Hess, is available online (pp.1-27). Wiley.
Many well-known psychological works were initially published in a foreign language and then translated into English to become popular. Books that have been translated from another language should begin with the author’s last name and first initial, followed by the year of publication and the title of the book. It is thus necessary to put in parenthesis the translator’s first and last names, as well as the notation “Trans.” After that, provide the name of the publisher as well as the year the book was first published.
Citing a Translator
S. Freud was a psychoanalyst who lived in the early twentieth century (1914). Everyday psychopathology is a subset of psychopathology (A. A. Brill, Trans.). T. Fisher Unwin & Company. (The original piece was published in 1901.) If you’re citing a reprinted book, the in-text citation should include both the original publication date and the date of the republishing.
Consider the following example: If you wanted to allude to the publication mentioned above in your work, you would write “(Freud 1901/1914).”
The American Psychological Association style guide also outlines how to reference a multivolume book. You list the last name and first initial of the author(s) or editor(s), followed by the year of publication in parentheses after the name and first initial of the author(s) or editor(s). Afterwards, you insert the name of the publisher in italics in sentence case. You provide the individual volumes in parentheses, separating them with a hyphen between each digit of the number. The publisher’s name is then included in the list.
Citing a Multivolume Work
Urdan, T. (eds.) Harris, R., Graham, S., and Urdan, T. (2012). The American Psychological Association’s school psychology handbook (Vols. 1–3). Affiliation of the American Psychological Association.
Ebook or Audiobook
Using the same format as a print book, you may reference an ebook or an audiobook that is also available in print, as long as the content is the same. When listening to audiobooks, you may want to shout out particular information, such as the narrator’s name, to keep track of where you are in the book. If you are crediting the narrator of an audiobook, the format is the last name of the author followed by the first letter of the author’s last name, followed by the year of publication in parenthesis.
Then you put the word “Audiobook” in brackets after the publisher’s name and website address.
Citing an Audiobook
J. K. Rowling, “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows,” in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, ed (2015). Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone is a novel written by J.K. Rowling (J. Dale, Narr.). Pottermore Publishing is a publishing house dedicated to the world of Harry Potter (Original work published 1997)
More Tips to Follow
When it comes to citing books in APA style, it may appear like there is a lot of material to keep in mind. But keep in mind that the more you practice, the simpler it becomes. Throughout your work, you will want to make sure that you maintain track of all of your citations so that you can include them in your reference page at the conclusion. Traditionally, the term “citation” is used to refer to a source that is included in the body of the work, whereas the term “reference” is used to refer to a source that is included on the reference page of an APA format document.
- Double-space your reference page: Keep in mind that your reference page must be double-spaced. Indent: The initial line of each reference should be flush left with the left margin of the page, with the exception of the last line. Each successive line of your reference should be indented
- However, this is not required. Make use of the DOI: Including a digital object identifier (DOI) at the end of the reference is recommended if one is available. Use an online database? Use the standard APA structure and at the conclusion of the paper, add the complete URL that was used to obtain that book. Additional guidelines should be followed: Make certain that you are adhering to the other standards for your reference page.
A Word From Verywell
Citations in the APA style are an essential aspect of writing in the style. In order to keep up to speed on all recommendations and helpful advice, it is recommended that you review the most recent version of the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.” Thank you for sharing your thoughts!
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