How To Cite A Book In Text? (Question)

In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.

When referencing a book?

  • When you cite or mention a book in a paper, you should italicize the title. Citations of books in your Reference List should begin with the last name of the book’s author, then the author’s initials. Next, write the year of publication within parentheses.

Contents

How do you cite a book in APA in-text?

Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.

How do you cite a book in an essay MLA?

Works Cited List: Last name, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection, edited by Editor Name(s). Publisher, Year, pp Page range of entry.

How do you cite a Book example?

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Translated by First Name Last Name, Publisher, Publication Date.

How do you reference a Book in a research paper?

References to books should include the following:

  1. The author(s), or editor(s) – by surname and initial(s)
  2. Year of publication.
  3. The title (in italics or bold)
  4. The edition other than the first (if applicable)
  5. Place of publication.
  6. The publisher’s name.

How do you cite a book page in an essay?

MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).

How do you cite a story from a textbook?

MLA Short Story Textbook Citation Format Author’s Last, First Name. “Short Story Title.” Title of Collection, edited by Editor’s Name, Edition, Publisher, Year, pp.

How do I cite an online book?

Author (Last name, first name). Title of Book. Edition (if available), Publisher (if available), Year of online publication. Name of Website or Database, URL (without the http:// or https://) or DOI number.

In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab

Note:This page contains the most recent edition of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual (APA 7), which was issued in October 2019. You may find the similar material for the older APA 6 style in this section. The Publication Manual’s pages 261-268 provide guidance on how to use reference citations in text. Some general principles for citing other people’s work in your essay are provided below for your convenience. It is recommended on pages 117-118 of the Publication Manual that writers of research articles use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal words that appear in the literature review and technique descriptions (for example, Jones (1998) discovered or Jones (1998) has discovered.) Jones (1998) discovers that the simple present tense may be used in contexts other than those associated with typically organized research writing.

APA Citation Basics

When writing in APA format, the author-date technique of in-text citation should be used. This implies that the last name of the author, as well as the year of publication for the source, should be included in the text, such as, for example (Jones, 1998). The reference list at the conclusion of the document should contain one complete reference for each source cited throughout the study. If you are referring to an idea from another work but are not directly quoting the material, or if you are making reference to an entire book, article, or other work, you only need to include the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and do not need to include the page number in your reference.

Before providing the page number, use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) to indicate that it is the first page (s).

If you want to write (Jones, 1998, p.

199–201), for example, you might write This information is restated in the next section.

Capitalization, quotations, and italics/underlining are all acceptable in-text citations.

  • Proper nouns, including author names and initials, should always be capitalized: Jones, D.
  • Jones, D. If you make reference to the title of a source inside your work, be sure to capitalize any terms that are four letters or longer in length within the title of a source, such as: The concepts of permanence and change are intertwined. Short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs are exempt from this rule. Examples include: There is nothing left to lose when it comes to new media writing.

(Please keep in mind that just the first word of a title will be capitalized in your References list: Writing new media.)

  • Titles that contain a hyphenated compound word should be capitalized on both words: Cyborgs that were born naturally
  • After a dash or a colon, capitalize the first word that follows: Hitchcock’s Vertigo serves as a case study in “Defining Film Rhetoric.” For works whose titles are italics in your reference list, italicize them in the text as well, and use title case capitalization in the text: Friends
  • The Wizard of Oz
  • The Closing of the American Mind
  • The Closing of the American Mind If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even if the reference list is written in sentence case): “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
  • ” “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
  • ” “The One in which Chandler is unable to cry.”

Short quotations

It is necessary to mention the author, publication year, and page number for a reference when directly quoting from a book (preceded by “p.” for a single page and “pp.” for a span of several pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash). Using a signal phrase that comprises the author’s last name, followed by the date of publication in parenthesis, you can introduce the quotation. Jones (1998) states that “students frequently had problems utilizing APA style, particularly when it was their first time” (p.

Jones (1998) discovered that “students frequently had trouble employing APA style” (p.

Wherever possible, omitting the author’s last name but including his or her year of publication and page number in the text of the sentence will be accepted as proper citation practice.

Jones (1998) said that “students frequently had problems employing the APA style,” however she could not provide an explanation as to why this was the case.

Long quotations

Direct quotations that are 40 words or more should be included in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, with quotation marks omitted if possible. Starting on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, or at the same spot as you would begin a new paragraph, insert the quotation at the beginning of the paragraph. Create a new margin and indent any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by separating them by 1/2 inch from the new margin. Type the full quotation on the new margin and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by 1/2 inch from the new margin.

The parenthetical citation should appear after the period at the end of the paragraph.

An example of how to format block quotes in the APA 7 style.

Quotations from sources without pages

It is not necessary to include a page number in direct quotations from sources that do not contain any pages. As an alternative, you may refer to another piece of logical identification, such as a paragraph, a chapter number, a section number, a table number, or something else entirely. Older works (such as religious writings) may additionally include particular location identifiers, such as verse numbers, to help readers find their way around. For the most part, choose a page number replacement that makes sense for your original material.

Summary or paraphrase

The author and year of publication are all that are required in your in-text reference if you are paraphrasing a concept from another book. The page numbers are not required in this case. According to APA rules, however, giving a page range for a summary or paraphrase where it will assist the reader in finding the material in a lengthier work is strongly encouraged. As Jones (1998) points out, the APA style is a tough citation format to master for first-time learners. For first-time learners, APA style is a tough citation system to master (Jones, 1998, p.

How do I refer to a book by title in-text in APA format?

The following is the fundamental format for an in-text citation:Title of the Book (Author Last Name, year). Examples Among the works of one author: Sendak’s Where the Wild Things Are (1963), which depicts a little boy dealing with his mother’s resentment, is a classic. Two authors (insert both names in each citation): To investigate evidence of sex role stereotyping, Brabant and Mooney (1986) employed a comic strip as a starting point. OR The comic strip has been used to investigate indications of sex role stereotyping (Brabant et al., 2000).

  • Authors with three or more names (including the first author as well as et al.): Claire and colleagues (2016) published Tales from the Shadowhunter Academy, which recounts a young man’s experience at the Shadowhunter Academy, which is a place where being a former vampire is looked down upon.
  • There is no author: Cite the first few words of the reference item (typically the title) as well as the year in which it was published.
  • As an illustration, consider the bookStudy Guide(2000) (“Reading,” 1999).
  • Using the same set of parentheses, you can list all of the sources by the author’s last name and the year of publication in the text, separated by semicolons.

As an illustration: (Adams, 1999; JonesJames, 2000; Miller, 1999) More information on how to cite books in-text and as a reference entry may be found on pages 321-325 of the APA Publication Manual (7th edition), Section 10.2 (In-Text and Reference Entry Citation).

How to cite a book in APA Style

Jack Caulfield published a new article on November 14, 2019. On October 27, 2021, a revision was made. This article is written in accordance with the American Psychological Association’s 7th edition criteria. The American Psychological Association’s sixth edition guidelines may be found here. APA Style book citations include the author’s name, publication year, book title, and publisher as a mandatory element in every citation. Examples may be viewed with the interactive interface. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.

  1. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
  2. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
  3. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
  4. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
  5. It should be noted that the format for reference books like as dictionaries and encyclopedias, as well as for biblical works such as the Bible, is slightly different.
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Basic book citation format

The author’s last name, the year of publication, and (if applicable) a page number are all included in the APA in-text citation for a book. When creating a reference list, begin with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year of publication. The title of the book is written in the case of sentences (only capitalize the first word and anyproper nouns). Include any other authors (for example, editors and translators) as well as the edition number (for example, “2nd ed.”).

Format Last name,Initials. (Year).Book title(Editor/translator initials,Last name, Ed.orTrans.) (Edition).Publisher.
Reference entry Anderson, B. (1983).Imagined communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism. Verso.
In-text citation (Anderson, 1983, p. 23)

Ebooks and online books

The DOI is included in the citation of an ebook (i.e. a book accessible through an e-reader) or a book viewed online (e.g. on Google Books or in PDF format). If there is no DOI for the book, link to the website where you read it, or to the page where the ebook may be purchased or accessed if there is no DOI. Because ebooks do not often carry page numbers, the American Psychological Association (APA) suggests that you use alternative means to identify a specific piece in your in-text citations, such as a chapter or section title or a paragraph number.

Format Last name,Initials. (Year).Book title.Publisher.URLorDOI
Reference entry Burns, A. (2018).Milkman. FaberFaber.
In-text citation (Burns, 2018, para. 15)

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Citing a chapter from an edited book

It is customary to begin citations for individual chapters from books that contain texts written by a variety of writers (for example, an anthology of essays), and to refer to the book’s editor(s) later in the reference. The chapter’s placement within the book is indicated with a page range.

Format Last name,Initials. (Year).Title of chapter. InEditor initials.Last name(Ed.orEds.),Book title(pp.page range).Publisher.DOI if available
Reference entry Belsey, C. (2006). Poststructuralism. In S. MalpasP. Wake (Eds.),The Routledge companion to critical theory(pp. 51–61). Routledge.
In-text citation (Belsey, 2006, p. 55).

Multivolume books

Some novels are published in a series of volumes. If you’ve utilized numerous volumes of a book, you may want to credit the full book, or you may only want to reference a single volume if that’s all you used.

Citing a single volume

A little variation in the structure is required when using one volume of a multivolume book, depending on whether each volume has a title or is simply identified by a number. If the volume has a specific title, this should be included in the title of your reference list item as part of the title of the volume. T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Waste Land” (2015). TS Eliot’s poetry, Volume 1: The Complete Poems Poems, both collected and uncollected (C. RicksJ. McCue, Eds.). Faber Faber. Alternatively, if the volume is merely numbering and not titled, the volume number is not italicized and is instead displayed in parentheses following the title.

Dylan is credited with inventing the term “dylan” in the early twentieth century (2005).

1).

Citing a multivolume book as a whole

When quoting the entire book, use the volume numbers in parentheses after the title of the book. Individual volume titles, even if they exist, are not included in this list. T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Waste Land” (2015). T. S. Eliot’s poetry (Vols. 1–2) are a collection of his poems (C. RicksJ. McCue, Eds.). FaberFaber.

Where to find the information for an APA book citation

The title and copyright pages of a book generally contain all of the information you need to properly mention it. The following would be the APA reference listentry for the book mentioned above: Butler, C., et al (2002). Postmodernism: a very brief introduction to the concept. Oxford University Press is a publishing house based in Oxford, England.

Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations

When is it OK to cite a chapter rather than the entire book? When the chapters of a book are authored by multiple writers, it is necessary to specify the precise chapter to which you are referring. When all of the chapters are authored by the same author (or group of writers), you should typically reference the entire book, however certain styles allow for exceptions to this rule in certain circumstances.

  • If you merely quote or paraphrase from one chapter of a single-author book under APA Style, the entire book should be mentioned. If a single-author book contains a collection of stand-alone works (for example, short tales), you should reference each individual work according to MLA Style. If you believe that referencing a single chapter of a single-author book is more acceptable than quoting the entire book, you may choose to do so according to Chicago Style.

Check out other APA examples

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Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation

Rather than appearing at the conclusion of long clauses or phrases, in-text references should occur immediately after the title, word, or phrase to which they are closely related. References inside the text should always come before punctuation marks. The following are some examples of in-text citations. The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (GassVaronis, 1984).

Authors that belong to a group include: The first citation is as follows: (American Psychological Association, 2015) Following that, a citation is made: (APA, 2015) Several pieces of work: (separate each work with semi-colons) According to research, listening to a specific dialect increases comprehension of accented speech in general, not only in that accent (GassVaronis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).

  1. The following is a verbatim quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (GassVaronis, 1984, p.
  2. According to Gass and Varonis (1984), “the listener’s prior knowledge of the topic of discourse substantially assists the comprehension of the entire message” (p.
  3. Note: For direct quotes of more than 40 words, the quote should be displayed as an indented block of text without quotation marks, with the names of the authors, the year of publication, and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end.
  4. That is, prior exposure to nonnative speech, such as that received by listening to the reading, makes it easier to comprehend what is being read.

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How to Cite a Book in MLA

Copy and paste into Google Classroom Published on the 20th of October, 2011. On September 27, 2021, the information was updated. Books are written works or compositions that have been made available for public consumption. No longer bound to paper, they have grown into the world of electronic communication. The following sections provide examples of how to reference various types of books in MLA 9.

In MLA, a basic book citation includes the following information:

  • Name of the author
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher of the book
  • Year of publication

Additional information is needed when citing:

  • Author or editor of a book’s publication name Author’s name for the chapter
  • The usage of page numbers or ranges of page numbers
  • The book’s volume number is referred to as
  • It is a rare book if it was published before 1900, contains versions that are different in various countries, or was published before 1900.

Citing a book in MLA (print)

Works Cited
Structure Author’s last name, First name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.
Example James, Henry.The Ambassadors.Serenity, 2009.

View a screenshot|Insert the title of your book

In-text Citation
Structure (Author Last Name Page)ORLast Name (Page)
Example (Henry 33)ORHenry (33)

Citing a book found on a Website or database in MLA

Many novels may now be found on the internet. Google Books, Project Gutenberg, and EBSCO are just a few of the popular websites and databases that provide e-books.

Works Cited
Structure Author’s last name, First name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.Title of website or database, URL.
Example Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith.Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015.Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUC lpg=PP1 dq=zombies pg=PP1 v=onepag e q=zombies f=false.

Cite your book *Only when citing a DOI should you include ” at the beginning of the URL. When using digital sources that do not provide page numbers, it is not necessary to add page numbers in the in-text citation.

In-text Citation
Structure (Last Names)ORLast Names
Example (Austen and Grahame-Smith)ORAusten and Grahame-Smith

Citing an E-book in MLA (found via an e-reader)

E-Readers are electronic devices that are capable of displaying electronic books. Kindles and Nooks are two of the most popular electronic readers on the market today. Individuals may purchase or rent e-books, which they can then read on their e-readers or other electronic devices.

Works Cited
Structure Author’s last name, First name.Title of the e-Book. E-book ed., Publisher, Year published. Name of e-reader device.
Example Doer, Anthony.All the Light We Cannot See. E-book ed., Scribner, 2014. Kindle.

Cite your ebook *Only when referencing a DOI should you include ” at the beginning of the URL. Because page numbers in an e-book might change depending on the e-reader, text settings, and other factors, you should avoid include a page number in your description. This is due to the fact that there is no regular page numbering. Section numbers (sec., secs.) or chapter numbers (ch., chs.) can be used instead of page numbers (pg., pgs.) if they are available and you believe they would be useful.

In-text Citation
Structure (Last Names, Chapter or Section)ORLast Names (Chapter or Section)
Example (Austen and Grahame-Smith, ch. 1)ORAusten and Grahame-Smith (ch. 1)

Citing a translated or edited book in MLA

Works Cited
Structure Author’s Last name, First name.Title of the Book.Translated by OR Edited by First name Last name, Publisher, Year published.
Example Murakami, Haruki.A Wild Sheep Chase. Translated by Alfred Birnbaum, Vintage Books, 2015.

Make a reference to your book.

In-text Citation
Structure (Last Name Page)ORLast Names (Page)
Example (Murakami 27)ORMurakami (27)

Citing a chapter of a book in MLA

Works Cited
Structure Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of chapter or section.”Title of the Book, edited by First name Last name, Publisher, Year published, page number(s).
Example Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.”The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87.

Make a reference to your book. * According to the example above, The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000is an edited book that includes a chapter written by Louis Montrose as well as other authors. The title of the chapter that he authored may be found in quotation marks (“Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies” is the title of the chapter that he wrote).

In-text Citation
Structure (Last Name Page)ORLast Name (Page)
Example (Montrose 62)OR Montrose (62)

Citing a book with multiple authors in MLA

Works Cited
Structure 1st Last Name, First Name, and 2nd First Name Last Name.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.
Example Charaipotra, Sona, and Dhonielle Clayton.Tiny pretty things. HarperTeen, 2016.

Make a reference to your book.

In-text Citation
Structure (1st Last Name and 2nd Last Name Page)OR1st Last Name and 2nd Last Name (Page)
Example (Charaipotra and Clayton 63)ORCharaipotra and Clayton (63)

3+ Authors

Works Cited
Structure 1st Last Name, First Name, et al.Title of the Book. Publisher, Year published.
Example Matthews, Graham, et al.Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and Museums.Ashgate, 2009.

*et al. is a Latin phrase that means “and others.” Make a reference to your book.

In-text Citation
Structure (1st Last Name et al. Page)OR1st Last Name et al. (Page)
Example (Matthews et al. 17)ORMatthews et al. (17)

Published on the 20th of October, 2011. The most recent update was made on May 9, 2021. In MLA format, how do I reference a book published by an organization? The following works are cited: If the organization is both the author and the publisher, omit the inclusion of an author and begin the citation with the title of the book. If the author and publisher are not the same entity, the organization name should be used as the author. When should I use a chapter citation in MLA format? When the author of a chapter is different from the editor or author of the book in which the chapter appears.

  1. How do you format an in-text citation for an e-book in the MLA style?
  2. “Believing that Peter was on his way back, the Neverland had once more sprung to life,” for example (Barrie ch.
  3. Who is the target audience for the MLA citation style?
  4. In the event that information regarding my source is lacking, what should I do?
  5. If you are unable to do so, leave the information blank and continue working on your citation elsewhere.
  6. Yes!
  7. Instructions on how to create manual citations may be found by clicking here.

You will need the following information in order to reference a book with several authors in MLA style: the authors’ names, the year the book was published, the book title, and the publishing company.

The initial and last names of the first author should be used followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” when referencing sources with three and more writers (e.g., Harold Napoleon and others).

In the first instance, Harold Napoleon and colleagues.

are mentioned.

or Napoleon and others.

In parenthetical citations, only the author’s surname should be included (e.g., Napoleon).

When there are three or more authors listed in a source, use the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” As an illustration:.

Template:Surname, F.

Publisher and publication date are provided.

with commentary on Yuuyaraq, The Way of the Human Being.

In the entry, just the first author’s name should be used in surname–first name sequence, and it should be followed by the phrase “et al.” When it comes to MLA format, what is the difference between a book and an e-book?

To properly reference a print book in MLA style, you must know the names of the authors, the title of the book, the publisher’s name, the year of publication, and the page range of the printed book (optional).

Citations for print books and electronic books are treated almost identically by MLA, except that it is necessary to note within each entry that it is the e-book edition that is being cited.

The book’s working title.

As an illustration, Masaio, Antonio.

Penguin Publishing Company, 1994.

The book’s working title. E-book edition, publisher, and publication date are all provided. Barbara Davis, for example. The Keeper of Happy Endings, as the name suggests. Lake Union Publishing will publish an e-book edition in 2021.

Research Guides: Citation Guide: Home

The purpose of the parenthetical citation is to direct the reader to a specific item in the bibliography, so the first entry in the bibliography (usually the author’s last name, but sometimes the title if no author is listed) is what is included in the parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation should be followed by a period. In addition, the specific position (page number) is specified in the text. Plagiarism is defined as the act of taking someone else’s words, thoughts, or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.

  • ” Plagiarism is defined as the intentional use of another’s verbatim words without credit or quote marks, as well as the use of someone else’s thoughts or ideas and representing them as one’s own.
  • This provides a bit of a conundrum: students are supposed to use the research and writing of others, yet their ability to do so is severely restricted.
  • However, proper credit must be given to those who have done the research.
  • There are a variety of note-taking methods available to aid you, but it is critical that you maintain track of which ideas came from which sources throughout the process.
  • There are various ways to do this, including quote, paraphrase, and summary.” (Talman)

Citing a Book in APA

The APA citation format is as follows: Last name and first initial of the author. The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Year in which the book was published.) The title of the piece. Publisher. For instance, Moriarty, L. (2014). Little white falsehoods that add up to a lot. G. P. Putnam’s Sons is a publishing house based in New York City.

Print books with two or more authors:

Last name, first initial are the basic structure. Middle initial, last name, and first initial are all acceptable. Middle initial, last name, and first initial are all possible combinations. The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Date). The title and the publisher are provided. For instance, Goldin, C. D., and Katz, L. F. (2008). The struggle between education and technological advancement is on. Harvard University Press is published by the Belknap Press of Harvard University. G.

Smith, and G.

In the archives, libraries, and museums, disaster management is essential.

Full versions of E-books:

E-books are often accessed through one of three methods: a website, an e-reader, or a database. The following is the structure: author’s last name, first initial. The middle initial is pronounced “middle-ee-ee-ee.” (Year in which the book was published.) The title of the piece. P. Auster is an example of this (2007). The follies of Brooklyn are a collection of amusement parks in Brooklyn, New York.

Utilize the “Book” form on CitationMachine.com, select “Manual entry mode,” and then select the “E-book” option to have your ebooks automatically citations. Everything will be correctly structured in accordance with the APA bibliography style guide.

Featured links:

A website with books, journal articles, YouTube videos, images, motion pictures, interviews, and PDF files is called an APA citation generator.

LibGuides: Citation Resources: APA 7th Ed: In-Text Citations

The author-date citation method is used with parentheses in the APA 7 Style. After a quotation, provide parenthesis with the author’s name, the year of publication, and the page number(s) on which the quotation occurs. If a quotation is on a single page, precede the page number with the letter “p.”. Instead of “pp.”, “pp.” should be used for quotations that begin on one page and conclude on another. “Sometimes I have the distinct impression that there is a JERTAIN in the CURTAIN,” says one page (Seuss, 1974, p.

  1. “The swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog,” according to a quote on page two: (Seuss, 2007, pp.
  2. Using the letters a, b, and so on after the year indicates that you are using more than one work by the same author.
  3. 7-8).
  4. A swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog, and the story goes on from there (D.
  5. 7-8).

Narrative Citations

When you utilize the author’s last name in the narrative of your work, do not include the author’s first and last names in the parenthesis. Dr. Seuss made the observation that “the swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound” in his scientific investigation (2007, pp. 7-8). “The swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound,” as Dr. Seuss put it in his book “The Lorax” in 2007. (pp. 7-8).

Citations with Missing Elements

When an author’s name is not accessible, the first few words of the reference list entry should be used instead (usually the title). Make use of quote marks around the names of articles or web pages, as well as italicizing the titles of books, journals, and other publications. A swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog, and the story goes on from there (Fox in Socks, 2007). When there are no page numbers available, paragraph numbers or other subsection identifiers should be used instead of page numbers.

5).

5-6).

Paraphrased Citations

Paraphrasing is the process of putting another person’s thoughts into your own words, which allows you to efficiently summarize and synthesize knowledge (p. 269). When paraphrasing concepts, you have the option of using either narrative or parenthetical citations. Using previously existing classroom literature education, stories may be utilized to teach social skills to kids. Emphasis should be placed on lessons that assist students analyze events and sympathize with characters (WolfBaker, 2012).

Seuss’ books to teach social skills to their pupils, based on a case study from one classroom teacher (p.

174). Keep in mind that if the source material is lengthy or difficult to understand, page numbers should be included to assist the reader in locating the text that is being paraphrased or referred to in your paper.

LibGuides: APA Style & Citation 7th edition: Citations: In-Text

Watch the short video above to learn how to properly format an in-text citation by including signal phrases and parenthetical citations into your writing. Additional instructions on how to properly cite your sources within your text may be found in the section below.

General rules (all source types):

  • For a quotation, provide the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the precise section (typically the page number) that was used. If providing a page or paragraph number in a paraphrase reference, you may do so if doing so would assist interested readers in locating the relevant text within a large or complicated book (American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269
  • American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269). Whenever possible, place quotation marks around the item that is being cited. It is not necessary to insert quotation marks in paraphrases and summaries. Citations at the conclusion of a sentence are placed before the period, and

Pages and Specific Parts

The page number of the borrowed information should be included in the citation of a book, journal article, or other paged source.

  • For a single page, use the letter p
  • For several pages, use the letter pp.

Whenever you are referencing a source that does not provide page numbers (such as a website), make it easy for the reader to access the material you are utilizing. For example, this may be the name of a section or header on a website, the number of paragraphs in a document (manually count the paragraphs and use the abbreviation ‘para.’), the slide number on a PowerPoint, the time stamp for a video, and so on. Immunotherapy is a “treatment that consists of a series of injections of purified allergen extracts” that is described as follows: (Mayo Clinic, n.d., “Treatment” section, para.3).

(15:30, 2015) (Whedon, 2015, 16:30)

Quotations or Paraphrases

It is possible to include the citation information into the text you are writing using the narrative in-text citation style. It is allowed, according to Spencer (2006), “to declare the author’s name at the beginning of the sentence, rather than always placing it in the parenthetical reference” when citing sources (pp. 5-6). ORA ‘parenthetical’ citations contain all of the citation information within the parenthesis of the original reference. “Separate the author from the citation at the conclusion of the cited text,” many pupils still refuse to do (Spencer, 2006, pp.

Organization as the Author

If you wish to shorten the name of the organization, you can do so. In order to introduce the abbreviation, provide the full name first, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.

  • To give an example, according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016), 5-10 percent of all cancer-related fatalities in Bangladesh are caused by arsenic poisoning caused by pollution in the region(paragraphs 9-10)
  • Consider the following: In a location with high arsenic contamination, “5–10 percent of all cancer deaths in an arsenic-contaminated zone were attributed to arsenic exposure,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016, para. 9-10)

Unknown Author

  • Make mention of the title of the work in the text, or provide the first word or two of the title in the in-text citation
  • Citation marks are used to denote the titles of articles. The titles of books are in italics
  • If the name Anonymous is ever used, it should be treated as if it were a genuine name.

As an illustration, developing efficient study habits is the most important predictor of first-year college student success in most cases (“Students,” 2002, para. 3).

Personal Communication

This can include private letters, a few emails, interviews you do, and other similar activities. Due to the fact that they are not recoverable (i.e., no one else will be able to discover this material), they do not need to be placed on the Reference page, but they must be cited in your text. Other in-text citations should be included in the same sequence as the quotation or paraphrase: immediately following the quote or paraphrase. The communicator’s initials and last name are written in capital letters (personal communication, date of communication).

Porterfield, personal communication, June 10, 2019).

Secondary Source

Make every effort to get the second source if the one you are using refers to it in your citation. If you are unable to access that source, use the phrase “as cited in” to recognize both sources. Include the date of the original source (which should be on the Reference page of the source you are using); if the date is not mentioned, then eliminate that portion of the reference from the citation.

The source you have is Schein’s 2017 essay, while the piece you’re quoting is Greave’s 2015 paper, which was published in 2015. When you don’t know the exact date of the original source, you can use Greave’s speech (as quoted in Schein, 2017).

Type of Author Parenthetical Citation Narrative Citation
One author (Silas, 1989) Silas (1989).
Two authors (SilasBreacher, 1990) Silas and Breacher (1990).
Three or more authors (Silas et al., 1990) Silas et al. (1990).
Group author with an abbreviation*First citationFollowing citations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020)(CDC, 2020) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2020).CDC (2020).
Group author no abbreviation (Central Penn College, 2019) Central Penn College (2019).
Two authors with the same last name (B. Silas, 1991)(J. Silas, 1992) B. Silas (1991).J. Silas (1992).
Two sources by the same author in the same year (Silas, 1990a)(Silas, 1990b) Silas (1990a).Silas (1990b).

*Group writers who use abbreviations do not use abbreviations on the Reference page; instead, they spell out their full names.

How do I cite an online book with no page numbers?

What you get as an answer depends on whatever citation style you are employing (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc). The following sections provide guidance on how to cite e-books that do not have page numbers in APA and MLA style. Visit thePurdue Owl for additional information on various citation styles, or see Purchase College’s generalCitation Guide for more information on appropriately crediting your sources.

In-Text Citations:

According to the APA Citation Guide published by Purdue University (Purdue Owl), the following is the recommended format for crediting electronic books without page numbers: “When using an electronic source that does not offer page numbers, you should make every effort to add information that will assist readers in locating the paragraph being referenced. To refer to a heading or section name, use a shortened heading or section name, a paragraph number (for example, “paragraph 1,” or a mix of these methods.” Please keep in mind that if the paragraphs are not numbered and the document has headings, you must include the heading and the paragraph that falls under that heading.

Purdue Owl sends out a friendly reminder: “You should never refer to the page numbers of webpages that you have printed off since various computers produce webpages with varying pagination.

6).

6).

MLA, 8th Edition

When there are no page numbers available, the MLA Handbook recommends using chapter or paragraph numbers, but only if the chapter or paragraph numbers are clearly provided in the original text, according to the MLA Handbook. It is not necessary to add page or chapter numbers in your citation if the source text does not include page, chapter, paragraph, or section numbers. Never count the pages or paragraphs yourself, or make up your own numbers to go along with them. The following is an excerpt from the MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition (2016), which provides further clarification: “An e-book (a work that has been produced for reading on an electronic device) may contain a numbering system that allows readers to know where they are in relation to the work.

If the work is split into stable numbered portions, such as chapters, the numbers of those sections may be referenced, together with a label describing the sort of component that is numbered, as in the following example.” (From the MLA Handbook123) In accordance with Hazel Rowley, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt began their honeymoon with a week-long visit in Hyde Park (ch.

  1. Example 2: In the penultimate chapter of Mansfield Park, Austen opens with the dismissive phrase “Let other pens dwell,” indicating her choice to refrain from focusing on the declarations of love made by Fanny and Edmund in the previous chapter (vol.
  2. 17).
  3. give the correct number or numbers, followed by the labelpar.
  4. 41).

Do not include any unnumbered paragraphs or other components in your total.” (MLA Handbook, page 56) As an illustration, “As we read, we develop the geography of a book” (Hollmichel).

Citations in your Bibliography:

When writing a full citation for an e-book for the bibliography section at the conclusion of your work, you have the option of citing the entire e-book, in which case no page, paragraph, chapter, line, or section numbers are necessary, and the entire e-book is cited. However, if you simply read a single chapter or section of an e-book, you may only want to mention that particular chapter or piece. In particular, if your e-book is anthology, collection of works, or collection of essays with many distinct writers, and you want to mention two separate authors/chapters from the same e-book inside your paper, this will be quite beneficial to you.

References List in APA:

Again, if you’re referencing an entiree-book, you’d use the same structure as you would for citing a print book, with the exception that you’d provide a URL at the conclusion. See the section on e-books or Kindle books from the Purdue Online Writing Lab. In APA style, the following is how to reference a chapter/paragraph/section from an e-book without including page numbers in your Reference List: Authors: A. A. and B. B. Format: Authors: A. A. and B. B. (Date of publication). Article, essay, or chapter title (in italics).

  • Editor (Ed.), The title of the book or the title of a longer document (chapter or section number).
  • Example 1: R.
  • Maintaining the reality television format.
  • Smith-Shomade, is available online (Ch.
  • * If the e-book is being downloaded through the Internet/web, a URL is necessary.

Works Cited in MLA:

Learn how to reference a chapter/paragraph/section of an electronic book in your Works Cited list without using page numbers, according to MLA style. The same style is used for referencing a piece inside an anthology or collection in print; the only difference is that you must include the source and URL for the electronic version of the work. Keep in mind that you should only use paragraph, chapter, or section numbers if they are explicitly supplied by the source material. It is not permissible to make up your own numbers.

Editor, Publisher, Year, chapter/section/paragraph number,” Database or source name for an e-book, for example: Gates, Raquel.

Smith-Shomade and published by Rutgers University Press in 2013, chapter 9.

How to Cite A Book

Despite the fact that we live in an increasingly digital age, the humble book is still likely to be the reference you’ll need to cite the most. It doesn’t matter if you’re an English major who quotes Shakespeare or a student who is conducting research using a textbook, books will always have a place in every student’s collection of sources. We all understand that every source used when researching and writing academic papers must be mentioned — and that failing to do so might result in unintentional plagiarism — but the specific structure to be used will depend on the style of citation that is required.

The necessary writing style is frequently subject-specific, but if you’re ever in doubt, your instructor is the ideal person to consult for guidance.

What Information Do I Need?

Whenever you are performing research, make a point of noting the following bits of information for each book that you consult. As an illustration, we’ll take the classic novel Of Mice and Mena as a starting point:

  • John Steinbeck is the author (or writers, if there are more than one). The year of publication is 2006
  • Of Mice and Men is the title of the book
  • The city in which it was published is London
  • And the publisher is Penguin. Page 12, for example, or a section of reference (i.e., a page, a series of pages, or the entire book):

You can also include any other information you think is useful, such as the book’s edition, the translator, or any other relevant information you know. If there is anything else you think would assist the reader identify your source quickly and properly, provide it.

In-Text Citations

In addition to giving complete citations on your works cited page, you will typically be required to incorporate in-text citations inside the body of your work to indicate where you have drawn inspiration from a particular source. It is important to remember that citations are not just utilized when explicitly quoting from a source. It is also necessary to cite any paraphrased or broad notions that are not your own thoughts. The way you construct an in-text reference also differs based on the style that is being used in the document.

How To Cite A Book InAPA Style

Citation inside the text: (Steinbeck, 2006, p. 12) J. Steinbeck’s full name is Steinbeck, John (2006). Of mice and men, to be precise. Penguin.

How To Cite A Book In MLA Style

Citation inside the text: (Steinbeck 12) Detailed Citation: Steinbeck, John, “Of Mice and Men,” published by Penguin in 2006.

How To Cite A Book In Chicago Style (author/date style)

Citation inside the text: (Steinbeck 2006, 12) Of Mice and Men is a novel by John Steinbeck, published in 2006. Penguin Books, London.

How To Cite A Book In Chicago Style (footnote/bibliography style)

Of Mice and Men (London: Penguin, 2006), page 12 is a footnote (with a numerical marker in the text) by John Steinbeck. Chicago Style Bibliography with annotations: Of Mice and Men is a novel by John Steinbeck. Penguin Books, London, 2006. Don’t risk having your book thrown out because of inaccurate citations! Book citations are made simple with the help of the online tools available at Cite This For Me.

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