How To Cite A Website Apa In Text? (Solved)

When citing a web page or online article in APA Style, the in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and year of publication. For example: (Worland Williams, 2015). Note that the author can also be an organization. For example: (American Psychological Association, 2019).

  • To cite a website in APA, place the in-text citation in parentheses after the phrase you are quoting. In the parentheses should be the author’s last name and the year the work was published, separated by a comma. Since your citation will come at the end of your sentence, make sure to end with a period outside the parentheses.

Contents

How do you cite in APA a website with no author?

How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition no author? When you have a website in APA 7 with no author, you use the title, date, publisher, and URL. There is no period after the URL in the citation. Additionally, a website title is in italics.

Can a website be an in text citation?

Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication. The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry (and yes, you can leave the links live).

How do I cite a company’s website in APA?

To add the reference you need to follow this format: Company Name. “Title of Section.” Title of Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, Date of publication or last modified date, URL (Website Address). Accessed access date.

How do u cite a website?

Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known.

How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition?

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of online content: Subtitle. Website Name. URL.

How do I cite in APA format?

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation

Rather than appearing at the conclusion of long clauses or phrases, in-text references should occur immediately after the title, word, or phrase to which they are closely related. References inside the text should always come before punctuation marks. The following are some examples of in-text citations. The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (GassVaronis, 1984).

Authors that belong to a group include: The first citation is as follows: (American Psychological Association, 2015) Following that, a citation is made: (APA, 2015) Several pieces of work: (separate each work with semi-colons) According to research, listening to a specific dialect increases comprehension of accented speech in general, not only in that accent (GassVaronis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).

The following is a verbatim quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (GassVaronis, 1984, p.

According to Gass and Varonis (1984), “the listener’s prior knowledge of the topic of discourse substantially assists the comprehension of the entire message” (p.

Note: For direct quotes of more than 40 words, the quote should be displayed as an indented block of text without quotation marks, with the names of the authors, the year of publication, and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end.

That is, prior exposure to nonnative speech, such as that received by listening to the reading, makes it easier to comprehend what is being read.

77) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal

How to cite a website in APA Style

Jack Caulfield’s article was published on November 5, 2020. On April 1, 2021, a revision was made. This article is written in accordance with the American Psychological Association’s 7th edition criteria. The American Psychological Association’s sixth edition guidelines may be found here. APA website citations typically include the following information: the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL of the webpage or article. If the article does not have an author, the citation should begin with the title of the piece.

If you are referencing an online version of a print publication (for example, a newspaper, magazine, or dictionary), follow the same style as you would for a print publication, with the addition of the URL at the end of the citation.

To learn more about the format, click on one of the icons below.

The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.

The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.

The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.

Citing an entire website

It is not necessary to include a formal reference when you refer to a website in your writing without quoting or paraphrasing from a specific section of it. rather than including the URL in parenthesis after the name of a website, you may just add the following: Instagram (one of the most popular social media platforms) allows users to post photographs and videos with their friends and family. It is not necessary to mention the website address on the reference page for this type of citation. The use of an in-textcitation and reference list item, on the other hand, is required when you’re making a particular reference to a webpage or article from a website.

How to cite online articles

There are many different types of articles that can be found online, and how you reference them depends on where the content may be found.

Online articles from newspapers, magazines, and blogs

Articles that appear in online editions of print periodicals (such as newspapers and magazines) are cited in the same way as their print counterparts, but with the addition of a URL.

Format Last name,Initials. (Year,Month Day).Article title.Publication Name.URL
Reference entry Greenhouse, S. (2020, July 30). The coronavirus pandemic has intensified systemic economic racism against black Americans.The New Yorker.
In-text citation (Greenhouse, 2020)

The same format is utilized for blog entries as it is for articles. Simply enter the name of the blog in the same spot where you would normally insert the name of the magazine or newspaper.

Format Last name,Initials. (Year,Month Day).Article title.Blog Name.URL
Reference entry Lee, C. (2020, February 19). A tale of two reference formats.APA Style Blog.
In-text citation (Lee, 2020)

Articles from online-only news sites

When writing stories from news websites that do not have print counterparts (e.g., BBC News, Reuters), italicize the name of the piece rather than the name of the website itself.

Format Last name,Initials. (Year,Month Day).Article title.Site Name.URL
Reference entry Rowlatt, J. (2020, October 19).Could cold water hold a clue to a dementia cure?BBC News.
In-text citation (Rowlatt, 2020)

Scribbr Citation Checker New

The AI-powered Citation Checker assists you in avoiding typical citation errors such as the following:

  • There are no commas or periods in this sentence. Incorrect use of the phrase “and others”
  • In narrative quotations, use an ampersand (). Reference entries that aren’t there

More information may be found here. When a web page does not mention an individual author, it is commonly assumed to be the work of an organization or governmental entity. If this results in the author’s name being identical to the site name, the site name should be omitted, as seen in the following example.

Format Organization Name. (Year,Month Day).Page title.Site Name.URL
Reference entry Scribbr. (n.d.).Academic proofreadingediting service.
In-text citation (Scribbr, n.d.)

If you are unable to identify any authors at all, simply substitute the title of the page or article for the author’s name. If the title appears in plain text in the reference list, place it in quotation marks in the in-text citation; if the title appears in italics in the reference list, put it in italics in the in-text citation. It should be noted that the title is written in title case here, as opposed to the reference list. If necessary, reduce the length of the title to the first few words.

Format Page title. (Year,Month Day).Site Name.URL
Reference entry The countdown: A prophecy, crowds and a TikTok takedown. (2020, October 19). BBC News.
In-text citation (The Countdown, 2019)

Websites with no date

When a web page or article does not include a publication or revision date, the date should be replaced with the abbreviation “n.d.” (“no date”) in all references. It is advised that you indicate the date on which you visited an online source if the information is likely to change over time.

Format Last name,Initials. (n.d.).Page title.Site Name. RetrievedMonth Day, Year, fromURL
Reference entry University of Amsterdam. (n.d.).About the UvA. Retrieved October 19, 2020, from
In-text citation (University of Amsterdam, n.d.)

Because social media posts are typically unnamed, the title should be comprised of the first 20 words of the message, italicized. Within the square brackets, you should provide any essential information about the kind of post as well as any multimedia components (e.g., videos, photographs, sound, links).

Format Last name,Initials. (Year,Month Day).First 20 words of post.Site Name.URL
Reference entry American Psychological Association. (2020, October 14).When adjusted for inflation, the largest median salary increase between 2014 and 2018 was for psychology doctorate recipients who expected. Facebook.
In-text citation (American Psychological Association, 2020)

On certain social media platforms (such as Twitter), individuals are referred to by their usernames instead of or in addition to their real names. In cases when the author’s true name is known, add it in square brackets with their username: B. Obama is a political figure in the United States (2020, September 7). On this Labor Day, let us express our gratitude to all of those who have contributed to the success of our country this year, including nurses, teachers, delivery drivers, and food service workers.

In certain circumstances, it will be more appropriate to mention an entire social media profile rather than an individual post.

Include an access date in certain instances, because a profile will undoubtedly evolve over time. For example: J. Dorsey, et al (n.d.). Tweets. Twitter. This document was retrieved on November 14, 2019, from

Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations

What does an in-text reference for a website look like in the APA format? An in-text citation for a web page or online article in APA Style is comprised of the author’s last name and the year of publication, as shown in the example. As an illustration: (WorlandWilliams, 2015). It should be noted that the author might also be a company or organization. As an illustration: (American Psychological Association, 2019). It is recommended that you include a locator when quoting. Because web pages do not contain page numbers, you can use one of the following methods to navigate between them:

  • Smith (2018) provides the following paragraph number: (15). heading or section name: (CDC, 2020, Flu Season section)
  • Heading or section name: (CDC, 2020, “Key Facts” section)
  • Abbreviated heading:

In APA Style, how do I reference a source that does not include page numbers? When you quote or paraphrase a specific section from a source, you must provide the source’s page number in your in-text citation to show where the passage can be found. If there are no page numbers (for example, when referencing a website), but the content is lengthy, you can use section headers, paragraph numbers, or a mix of the two to indicate where you are in the text: (Caulfield, 2019, Linking section, para. 1).

  1. Because Kindle location codes are inaccurate, they should not be used in book citations or references.
  2. In APA Style, how can I reference a source that does not have an author?
  3. When no author can be identified at all (for example, in a collaboratively editable wiki or an online article published anonymously), the title should be used in place of the author.
  4. If it’s required, make it shorter.

Check out other APA examples

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How to cite a book in APA Style How to cite a brochure in APA Style
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How to cite a dictionary in APA Style How to cite a dissertation in APA Style
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How to cite a law in APA Style How to cite a magazine article in APA Style
How to cite a movie in APA Style How to cite a newspaper article in APA Style
How to cite a patent in APA Style How to cite a PDF in APA Style
How to cite a podcast in APA Style How to cite a PowerPoint in APA Style
How to cite a press release in APA Style How to cite a report in APA Style
How to cite a speech in APA Style How to cite a survey in APA Style
How to cite a TED Talk in APA Style How to cite a TV show in APA Style
How to cite a tweet in APA Style How to cite a webpage with no author, date, or title in APA Style
How to cite a website in APA Style How to cite a YouTube video in APA Style
How to cite an encyclopedia in APA Style How to cite an image in APA Style
How to cite an interview in APA Style How to cite the Bible in APA Style

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LibGuides: APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Websites

Website AuthorIt might be difficult to determine who the creator of a website is in some cases. It’s important to remember that an author might be a business or a group, rather than an unique individual. Sometimes, author information may be found in the “About” section of a website’s navigation bar. Alternatively, if there isn’t a recognized author, you might start with the title of the website instead of the author. However, the American Psychological Association (APA) tends to reserve this sort of reference for a very restricted collection of sources: for example, the Bible and some dictionaries and encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia (although this is changing) (which should not form a central part of your research).

  1. Otherwise, seek for a copyright or a date of publication that was first published.
  2. On many websites, the most up-to-date information is found near the bottom of the pages.
  3. Consider the following scenario: you have a year but no month or day.
  4. TitleTitles of websites should be in plain text, however italics should be used for webpages, articles, and other similar content.
  5. Unfortunately, establishing which scenarios need the use of this date might be difficult to determine.
  6. However, if you are using a web page that is constantly being updated, including a retrieval date can assist in identifying discrepancies between the time you viewed the page and the time your reader viewed it.

URLs that are too long If a URL is too long to fit on a single line, consider breaking it up with a slash (/) at the beginning of the line.

How do you reference a web page that lists no author? (6th edition)

Whenever a web page does not have an author associated with it, the title of the page takes over the first place in the reference entry. For example, all 33 Chilean miners were liberated in a perfect rescue operation. Wednesday, October 13th, 2010. Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (typically the title) as well as the year the information was obtained. Double quote marks should be used around the title or shortened title (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010). Note: If the title of the web page is too short for the parenthetical citation, use the full title instead.

Reports discovered on the internet would be italicized in the reference list, as in Publication Manual (6th ed.)Examples 31, 32, and 33 on pp.

In addition, they would be italicized in the in-text citation, much like a book would be.

  • What is the APA Style for Citing Something You Found on the Internet? When You Don’t Have All of the Information: How to Write an APA Style Reference Even When You Don’t Have All of the Information A generic reference includes the following information: who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • How
  • And why.

The most recent update was made in July 2020. May 2009 was the date of creation.

Research Guides: APA Citation Style, 7th edition: Web Page with No Author

Suggestions that are beneficial

  • When mentioning sources that you obtain on the Internet, you only need to specify the date that the material was last accessed if the information you examined is likely to change over time. If you are referencing an item from a news source (e.g., CNN, NBC, Washington Post) or a website that may be updated on a regular basis, you must indicate the date the piece was retrieved. The following features have been added to the 7th edition: Except in cases when the site’s name is the same as the corporate author, you must mention the site name in your reference. For example, a citation to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study would not include the site name.

Generally Accepted Format Citation (paraphrase) inside the text: (Title of specific document, Year) NOTE: If the title of a document is lengthy, an abbreviated version should be used for in-text citations throughout the document. Citation (quotation) inside the text: (Title of specific document, Year, page or paragraph number) References:The title of a specific document is listed here. (If you don’t know the date of the last update or copyright, just enter n.d.) The name of the website. URL of a certain document Example Citation (paraphrase) inside the text: (Neurology, n.d.) Citation (quotation) inside the text: (Neurology, n.d.) Neurology is used as an example (n.d.).

On August 8, 2007, I was able to get a hold of some information from/wiki/Neurology.

Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author

Is there a website that you’d want to incorporate in your APA 7 style paper but it doesn’t have an author? When there is no author on a website, the title of the article should be used instead of the website’s URL. Although it is okay to incorporate material from sources that do not have an author mentioned in your APA website citation, be sure that the content comes from a credible website, such as a government body, a university, or an organization with a well-established reputation.

How To Reference a Website With No Author Name Listed – APA 7th Edition

Online citations in APA style consist of four distinct elements: the author, the date, the title, the publisher, and the URL. Pieces are frequently published as staff articles or without the author’s identity being included in local newspapers, particularly in smaller publications. If you do not know the author’s name or the publication date of an article, you may still include a citation for a webpage in your APA 7 style reference list by using the article’s title. APA Format for a News Website That Doesn’t Have an Author The article’s title is a pun.

  1. URL omitting the period after the URL Example of an APA News Website without an author – Reference List A benefit concert earns thousands of dollars for earthquake victims.
  2. The News Review is a publication that reviews the news of the day.
  3. (10th of September, 2020).
  4. Example of an APA Journal Website without an author – Reference List Language learning using the one-of-a-kind language that is now in use.
  5. pp.
  6. (20th of August, 2020).

It is important to note that the title is written in the same way as it would be if the author were not present. Therefore, it includes or does not include italics depending on the situation. Articles in online newspapers that are also available in print follow the format of a magazine.

Citing a Website With No AuthorNo Date – APA

When creating an APA website citation that does not include an author or a date, you should use the abbreviation n.d., which stands for no date, in place of the year. APA Format for a Website Without an Author or a Date The publication’s official title. (n.d.). Website. Example of a URLAPA Website with no author or date – Reference List MLAAPA citation generator that is completely free (n.d.). Bibliography.com.

How to Cite a Website With an Anonymous Author – APA

Another scenario that you can meet in your APA research paper citations is that of a website with an anonymous authorship. Instead of stating the title as you would for a non-author, you list “anonymous” as the author of the piece. In the case of an anonymous author, the APA format should be used. Anonymous. (Date). Title.Publication. Reference List Example for a URLAPA Citation for a Website with an Anonymous Author Anonymous. (n.d.). Understanding the workings of the human brain. Psychology Today is a publication dedicated to the study of psychology.

How to In-Text Cite a Website With No Author – APA

When constructing an in-text reference in APA without including an author’s name, you should use the title of the work. If the title is lengthy, only the first few words should be included in the in-text citation. If the title is less than two words, use the complete title. Example of an APA in-text citation with no author (Concert Raises Thousands, 2019) Language Learning (2019) is a term used to describe the process of learning a language. An Example of an In-Text Citation for Anonymous (Anonymous, 2020) The italicized reference list entries should be capitalized inside the body of the text in accordance with APA style.

In addition, all in-text citations are written in title case.

APA Citations for Online Articles With Organization Author

Some websites have articles written by the organization itself as the author. In this situation, you’ll mention the author’s name as well as the name of the organization in your APA citations. Example of a Reference List for the Organization AuthorExperis (2019, August 1). 20 pointers for acing your job interview. Instead of the year, if there is no date available, n.d. can be used in place of the year. Experimentum (n.d.). 20 pointers for acing your job interview. Experis (2019) published In-Text Citation Examples for Organization Authors (Experis, n.d.)

Tips for Evaluating Online Articles

Whatever type of paper you’re writing, whether it’s a brief essay or a lengthy research paper, you can utilize web articles without author names as references. Just be sure to incorporate credible primary and secondary sources to back up your findings in your paper. The majority of your study should be focused on locating reliable sources.

  • Investigating the author’s identity and professional background might be a good technique to determine their authority. When reading an article that outlines how to treat a medical issue, you would definitely want to know the qualifications of the author before acting on his or her recommendations. Despite the fact that you may come across articles with no author mentioned on trustworthy websites, it is preferable to establish the authority of your content by utilising references authored by well-established writers. If you come across a random piece that appears to have been “formula” made with no specified author or sources, skip over it and choose a more appropriate source for your APA style work.

No Author, No Problem

It’s not as difficult as you would believe to include a website citation in your reference list or in-text without including an author’s name or a URL. You must make certain that you adhere to APA citation guidelines and that you put the title first.

When it comes to citations, the American Psychological Association (APA) has you covered. Additionally, if you want additional information regarding your APA reference page, please see theAPA reference page guide.Related Articles:

FAQ Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author

When referencing a website that does not have an author, the title of the piece is moved up to the first place in the citation in APA style. An example of a citation with no author is as follows: The article’s title is a pun. (Year, Month, and Day.) Website. URL (Uniform Resource Locator): http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q (no period after the URL)

How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition no author?

The title, date, publisher, and URL are all used when creating a webpage in APA 7 that does not have an author. When referencing a URL, there is no period after the URL. Additionally, the title of a website is in italics.

How do I cite websites in APA format?

In order to properly reference a website in APA format, you must provide the author’s name, the date, the title of the piece, the name of the website, and the URL. In addition, you will not use a period after the URL and the article title on the website will be in italics. In this example, Betts, J. (n.d.) How to Cite a Website, Bibliography.com is used as the citation source:

How do you cite an organization in APA with no author?

The author, date, title of the article, website’s name, and URL are all required in order to properly reference a website using APA format. In addition, you will not use a period after the URL and the article title on the website will be in italics instead. Betts, J. (n.d.) How to Cite a Website. Bibliography.com. An example of an online citation is as follows:

How do you reference a website in APA with no author or date?

APA requires that you start with the title of the article and then follow it with (n.d.), which stands for no date, when an article reference has neither an author nor a publication date. An example of a reference that does not include an author or a date is as follows: The article’s title is a pun. (n.d.). URL of the organization

Citing websites & online media: APA (7th ed.) citation guide

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, served as the basis for this handbook. It contains a selection of citation examples for several sorts of common sources. For additional in-depth information, you can reference a printed copy of the style handbook directly. Citation management software makes it simple to keep track of all of your document references/citations and to style your reference lists properly. Seeciting articlesin our guide for more information on citing blog posts.

348-349).

Facebook, Tumblr, LinkedIn,Reddit

A. A. Author’s name is A. A. (YYYY, Month day). The post’s content can be up to 20 words long. Name of the website. URL of the website

Reference list example

The National Institute of Mental Health is a federally funded research organization (2020, September 14). Suicide is a difficult and heartbreaking decision, yet it is often avoidable. Identifying the warning signs of suicide and knowing where to go for help. Facebook.

Reference in text example

National Institute of Mental Health (National Institute of Mental Health, 2020)- (NIMH, 2020)

Comments

  • The name of a group might be used as the author’s surname. More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
  • Take note of any audiovisuals that are enclosed in square brackets after the content element. Please do not make any changes to the spelling or capitalization in your posts. Maintain the use of hashtags and links. Please includeemoji’s name in square brackets if you are unable to recreate, for instance. Emoji names may be found in the Unicode Emoji Charts. An emoji counts as a single word in this context. If there is no documented date available, use the abbreviation (n.d.)

TwitterInstagram

A. A. [@username] is the author. (YYYY, month day, year) The first 20 words of the message contain the content of the post. Name of the website. URL of the website

Reference list example

The SFU Library’s Twitter handle is @sfu library. (10th of September, 2020). Attend the first of our Fall series of hands-on, interactive, online Knowledge Mobilization seminars on September 22nd! Twitter.

Reference in text example

(Source: SFU Library, 2020).

Comments

  • The name of a group might be used as the author’s surname. In Section 9.8, page 287, it is recommended that the @ sign be retained as part of the username and be enclosed in square brackets. More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
  • Please do not make any changes to the spelling or capitalization in your posts. Maintain the use of hashtags and links. If you are unable to recreate an emoji, put the name of the emoji in square brackets instead. Emoji names may be found in the Unicode Emoji Charts. An emoji counts as a single word in this context. If there is no date available, use (n.d.).

If no other reference type is appropriate (for example, journal, blog, conference proceedings), use webpages or a website (Section 9.2, p.282).

A document or report found on a website

Seeciting reportsin our guide for further information on citing a report found on a website.

Quoting or paraphrasing part of a website

Seeciting reportsin our guide for information on how to cite a report obtained on a web page.

Reference list example

The American Red Cross is a non-profit organization that helps people in need (2019, April 15). Tornadoes – How to be safe in a tornado. The American Red Cross is a non-profit organization that helps people in need (n.d.). Make a strategy. J. S. Ewoldt is an American author who lives in New York City (2020, August 14). There are six simple techniques to lower your sugar intake. Mayo Clinic is a medical center in Rochester, Minnesota.

Reference in text example

The American Red Cross published a report in 2019 stating that American Red Cross, “Tornadoes – How to Stay Safe,” (American Red Cross, “Tornadoes – How to Stay Safe”) “Make a plan,” says the American Red Cross. Ewoldt et al. (2020).

Comments

  • When the author and site name are the same, the site name should be omitted. If there is no author listed for an in-text reference, the title of the webpage is used in its place instead. [Section 6.17, p. 167] Capitalize the most important terms in the title. If there is no author for the reference list citation, the title is used in place of the author. The titles of the references are written in sentence case. When making in-text citations, if page numbers are not available, utilize paragraph numbers (abbreviated to “para.”) instead. If there are no paragraph numbers, the header should be used. If required, the header may be condensed
  • Nonetheless, Retrieval dates should not be included unless the source material is anticipated to vary over time and there is no archived date for the content. When a certain format is required, use the following: Month Day,YYYY, retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Consider the following: APA’sWebpage on a website with a retrieval date as an example
  • More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
  • When describing works that are not part of peer-reviewed academic literature, use bracketed description:, and. Section 9.21 on page 292 of the guide and appropriate examples in Chapter 10 of the guide are recommended. A period follows the URL
  • Otherwise, the URL is considered complete. When breaking up a lengthy URL, avoid using the hyphen character.

Webpage on a news website

More information and examples may be found on the APA’sWebpage on a news website, or you can check the handbook directly (Section 10.16, Example 110, p. 351).

Reference list example

B. Weber’s et al (2020, September 28). A new research reveals the disparities in health between the affluent and the poor in Canada. HuffPost.

Reference in text example

Weber et al. (2020).

Comments

  • Articles published in an online news source (e.g., Bloomberg, HuffPost, Salon, Vox) that is not affiliated with a daily or weekly newspaper

Whole site, not a single document or web page

More examples and specifics may be found on the APA’sWhole website references, or you can study the handbook directly (Section 8.8, pp. 268-269Section 10.16, pp. 350-352).

Comments

  • It is OK to include the name of the website as part of the text if it is not referring to any specific material on the site
  • However, it is not acceptable to include the URL in parentheses if it is referring to the website in general. There is no requirement for references or in-text citations
  • If you’re writing on the internet, include the name immediately in the text.

CSSLibraryGuides: Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: In-text Citations

In APA Style, an in-text citation informs the reader about the source of any and all material that did not originate from your own brain or other sources. This is more clear when you are explicitly quoting from a source, but it is equally necessary when you have summarized or paraphrased from a source, and even when you have gotten an idea from someplace else, to cite sources properly. It is critical that you properly cite all of the words and ideas that you have borrowed from other sources in order to avoid being accused of plagiarism.

If you are writing an APA Style paper, the author-date citation method is used to reference your sources.

It is possible for readers to identify sources used in the article by looking for author and date information inside the paper’s text, and then simply locate the relevant reference in the alphabetical reference list, using this citation method.

There are two sorts of in-text citations that can be used.

A narrative citation is a sort of citation in which the author’s name appears inside the text of the sentence; on the other hand, a parenthetical citation is a type of reference in which the author’s name and the date appear in parentheses at the conclusion of the phrase.

How do I create narrative or parenthetical citations?

In APA Style, you should cite your sources by placing the information about the source in parentheses at the end of a sentence or in the text of your paper, rather than using a footnote, which places the source information at the bottom of the page, or an endnote, which places the information about the source at the end of the paper. There are subtle variances in appearance based on which style you choose.

  • According to the APA Style, you should cite your sources by placing the information about the source in parentheses at the end of a sentence or in the text of your paper, as opposed to using a footnote, which places the information about the source at the bottom of the page or an endnote, which places it at the bottom of the final page of your paper. There are minor variances in appearance depending on whatever style you choose.

Additional Resources

For further information on parenthetical and narrative citations, read pages 253-278 of the 7th edition of the American Psychological Association Manual for a detailed discussion and examples.

LibGuides: Citing Online Business Resources using APA Style (7th Edition): APA In-text Citation Examples

Quotations:

  • In-text citations for quotations should also contain the page number of the original source. If there isn’t a page number, use a paragraph number, section title, or a time stamp to indicate the location of the document (for audiovisual material). As an illustration:
  • (Yu et al., 2019, p. 25)
  • (ExxonMobil, n.d., Protecting the Environment part)
  • (ExxonMobil, n.d., Protecting the Environment section)
  • Several short quotes (no more than 40 words) exist in the body of the statement and are surrounded by double quotations. When writing large quotations (40 words or more), use the block quotation style.

For example, short quotes (less than 40 words) occur in the text of a phrase and are enclosed by double quotation marks. Parenthetical According to the findings of a recent study on sustainable fashion consumption, “there is a clear match between the related expenses of sustainable fashion and enhanced perceptions of value” (LundbladDavies, 2015, p. 159). Narrative Lundblad and Davies (2015) discovered that “there is a clear matching of the related costs of sustainable fashion with greater perceptions of value” in their study on sustainable fashion consumption (p.

  1. Examples of Long Quotations include the following: When you have a long quotation, use the block quotation style (40 words or more).
  2. As a racist, one supports the notion of a racial hierarchy, while as an anti-racist, one supports the idea of racial equality.
  3. Racial disparities can be perpetuated either by allowing them to exist or by combating them, as in the case of a racist or an anti-racist.
  4. 9) describes a formalized formalized formalized formalized (Kendi, 2019).
  5. It is referred to as ‘anti-racist.’ What’s the difference between the two?
  6. As a racist, one believes that issues are founded in certain groups of individuals, whereas as an anti-racist, one believes that problems are inherent in institutions and policies.
  7. There is no safe haven in the middle that is ‘not racist.’ (Second edition, p.

LibGuides: APA Style & Citation 7th edition: Citations: In-Text

Brief Examples of Short Quotes:Short quotations (less than 40 words) appear in the body of the phrase and are enclosed by double quotation marks. Parenthetical According to the findings of a recent study on sustainable fashion consumption, “there is a clear match between the related expenses of sustainable fashion and enhanced perceptions of value” (LundbladDavies, 2015, p. 159). Narrative “There is a clear matching of the related costs of sustainable fashion with improved perceptions of value,” Lundblad and Davies (2015) discovered in their study on sustainable fashion consumption (p.

  • Long quotations include the following: When writing extended quotations, the block quotation style should be employed (40 words or more).
  • “Not racist” is not the polar opposite of racist.
  • Where do I find the distinction?
  • When one is a racist, one believes that issues are founded in certain groups of people; when one is an anti-racist, one believes that problems are inherent in power and policy.
  • The safe area of ‘not racist’ does not exist between the two extremes.
  • 9) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized (Kendi, 2019).
  • “It is anti-racist,” the statement reads.
  • A racist or an anti-racist is someone who supports either the concept of racial hierarchy or that of racial equality.

Racial disparities can be perpetuated either by allowing them to exist or by combating them, as in the case of a racist. The safe area of ‘not racist’ does not exist between the two extremes. (Second edition, p.9)

General rules (all source types):

  • For a quotation, provide the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the precise section (typically the page number) that was used. If providing a page or paragraph number in a paraphrase reference, you may do so if doing so would assist interested readers in locating the relevant text within a large or complicated book (American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269
  • American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269). Whenever possible, place quotation marks around the item that is being cited. It is not necessary to insert quotation marks in paraphrases and summaries. Citations at the conclusion of a sentence are placed before the period, and

Pages and Specific Parts

The page number of the borrowed information should be included in the citation of a book, journal article, or other paged source.

  • For a single page, use the letter p
  • For several pages, use the letter pp.

A single page should be written in capital letters, whereas a series of pages should be written in lower case.

Quotations or Paraphrases

For a single page, use the letter p; for several pages, use the letter pp;

Organization as the Author

If you wish to shorten the name of the organization, you can do so. In order to introduce the abbreviation, provide the full name first, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.

  • To give an example, according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016), 5-10 percent of all cancer-related fatalities in Bangladesh are caused by arsenic poisoning caused by pollution in the region(paragraphs 9-10)
  • Consider the following: In a location with high arsenic contamination, “5–10 percent of all cancer deaths in an arsenic-contaminated zone were attributed to arsenic exposure,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016, para. 9-10)

Unknown Author

  • Make mention of the title of the work in the text, or provide the first word or two of the title in the in-text citation
  • Citation marks are used to denote the titles of articles. The titles of books are in italics
  • If the name Anonymous is ever used, it should be treated as if it were a genuine name.

As an illustration, developing efficient study habits is the most important predictor of first-year college student success in most cases (“Students,” 2002, para. 3).

Personal Communication

This can include private letters, a few emails, interviews you do, and other similar activities. Due to the fact that they are not recoverable (i.e., no one else will be able to discover this material), they do not need to be placed on the Reference page, but they must be cited in your text. Other in-text citations should be included in the same sequence as the quotation or paraphrase: immediately following the quote or paraphrase. The communicator’s initials and last name are written in capital letters (personal communication, date of communication).

Porterfield, personal communication, June 10, 2019).

Secondary Source

Make every effort to get the second source if the one you are using refers to it in your citation. If you are unable to access that source, use the phrase “as cited in” to recognize both sources. Include the date of the original source (which should be on the Reference page of the source you are using); if the date is not mentioned, then eliminate that portion of the reference from the citation. The source you have is Schein’s 2017 essay, while the piece you’re quoting is Greave’s 2015 paper, which was published in 2015.

Type of Author Parenthetical Citation Narrative Citation
One author (Silas, 1989) Silas (1989).
Two authors (SilasBreacher, 1990) Silas and Breacher (1990).
Three or more authors (Silas et al., 1990) Silas et al. (1990).
Group author with an abbreviation*First citationFollowing citations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020)(CDC, 2020) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2020).CDC (2020).
Group author no abbreviation (Central Penn College, 2019) Central Penn College (2019).
Two authors with the same last name (B. Silas, 1991)(J. Silas, 1992) B. Silas (1991).J. Silas (1992).
Two sources by the same author in the same year (Silas, 1990a)(Silas, 1990b) Silas (1990a).Silas (1990b).

*Group writers who use abbreviations do not use abbreviations on the Reference page; instead, they spell out their full names.

Citing a Website in APA

Following your discovery of a reliable website to use, make a reference and begin compiling a list of reputable sources for your paper. It is possible to make references for online news items, government websites, blogs, and a variety of other websites using Citation Machine’s citation capabilities! Keeping track of your sources while you conduct research and write might assist you in being organized and ethical in your work. If you find that you will not be utilizing a source, you may quickly remove it from your reference list.

  • In the search field above, type in the URL of the website you’re looking for.
  • It’s that simple to get started!
  • Structure: Last name and first initial of the author.
  • The URL of the website.
  • When will a show like ‘Better Call Saul’ be able to stand on its own two feet?
  • You should keep in mind that not all of the material presented on a website will adhere to the structure outlined above.
  • When viewing a YouTube video, for example, you should look in the ‘YouTube Video’ part of the menu bar to find the appropriate section.

It is important to maintain the original capitalization, spelling, hashtags, emojis (if feasible), and links inside the text when inserting the text of a post.

Facebook posts:

The following is the structure:Facebook user’s last name, F. M. (Year, Monday Day of Post). Only the first 20 words of a Facebook post are counted. Facebook. URL Examples of source types include: Examples of post types include:, S. Gomez is one example of this (2020, February 4). Guys, I’ve been working on this particular project for the past two years, and I’m excited to announce that Rare Beauty will be available soon. Facebook. Chegg is a great place to work. (7th of February, 2020) It pains our hearts to learn that 50 percent of college students right here in Silicon Valley are undernourished.

Facebook.

Twitter posts:

Account holder’s last name is F. M., and the account number is 1. (Year, Month Day of Post). Tweets are only allowed to contain the first 20 words. Twitter. Examples of URLSource types include:, As an illustration, Edelman, J. (2018, April 26). My life was irrevocably transformed on this day nine years ago. In me, New England took a bet on a longshot, and it’s paid off. Twitter.

Instagram posts:

The following is the APA citation format: Last name of account holder, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Up to the first 20 words of the caption are allowed. Instagram. URL As an illustration, Portman, N. (2019, January 5). Getting to listen to and learn from so many wonderful individuals throughout the year was one of my most memorable experiences last year. Instagram. Please visit CitationMachine.com if this tutorial hasn’t answered all of your referencing questions, or if you’re still looking for answers to issues like “how to cite a webpage in APA.”

Featured links:

A website with books, journal articles, YouTube videos, images, motion pictures, interviews, and PDF files is called an APA citation generator.

APA: Citing Within Your Paper

For each source you use, add the author’s last name, year of publication, and page number (or the place of the quotation within the source if a page number is not provided), for example: If you are quoting from a book, include the author’s last name, year of publication, and page number.

  • The following are the page number(s): (p. 3)or(pp. 3-4)
  • The following are the paragraph number(s): (para. 3)or(paras. 3-4)
  • The following are the paragraph within a chapter or section: (Chapter 3, para. 3)or (Plant-Based Foods section, para. 3)
  • The following are the slide number or table number: (Slide 3) or (Table 3)
  • The following are the time stamp: (1:03:03

Beginning with a signal phrase that contains the author’s last name, followed by the date of publication in parenthesis, you can introduce the quotation. As an illustration: Cook-Gumperz (1986) writes that “the methodical growth of literacy and schooling resulted in a new split in society, between the learned and the uneducated” (p. 27). As Carr (2008) points out, “As we begin to rely on computers to filter our view of the world, it is our own intellect that flattens into artificial intelligence” (Chapter 3, para.

  • You only need to provide the author’s last name and year of publication in your in-text citation when paraphrasing or summarizing material from a source, according to the American Psychological Association.
  • Some believe that leaning too much on the Internet for information may impair our mental skills as well as our capacity to read books and other lengthy pieces of writing (Carr, 2008).
  • It is necessary to mention the author’s last name and the date of publication when referencing a paraphrase or summary from an eBook in the citation.
  • According to the American Psychological Association, “Adult development is the scientific study of changes in behaviors, ideas, and emotions that occur during adulthood” (Mossler, 2013, Adult Development section, para.
  • It is necessary to add the author’s last name and the date on the web page or at the bottom of the website when paraphrasing or summarizing content from a web page in your citation.
  • Wherever possible, indicate the most direct position of the quote, such as a section title and/or a paragraph number, where there are no page numbers.

Other web sites do not identify a specific individual as the author, but instead identify a firm or organization as the author. When mentioning a web page, it is important to identify whether the author is a person or a company.

Author is an Individual

. (Dunn, 2016, Plant-Based Foods section, para. 10). Even if you are unable to identify an individual author, if you are able to identify an organization or group that is responsible for the content of a web page, you should attribute the authorship of the web page to that group, organization, corporation, university, government agency, or association.

Author is an Organization/Company/University/Agency

. (United States Coast Guard, 2018, para. 6).

No Author

If there is no author listed on your web page, you should provide the title of the piece between quotation marks (“”). The title of the web page should be included in quotation marks (“”) if there is no obvious title for the article. If the title is lengthy, only the first few words should be used:. (See “Policies and Procedures for Patrol,” published in 2018 on page 3).

No Date

The publishing date of a web page may frequently be seen at the top or bottom of the page, depending on the browser. If no date is provided, the abbreviation n.d. is used (for no date). Thompson (n.d., Teaching for Success section, para. 12) describes the process of teaching for success as follows: The speaker (or screen name), the year of the recording, and the moment at which the quotation begins in the recording should all be included in the citation when referencing a media source such as a video or audio recording that does not include page numbers but does have time stamps: “There were 300,000 individuals in jails and prisons in 1972; now, there are 2.3 million people in jails and prisons” (Stevenson, 2016, 05:52).

If your content does not include the name of the author, insert the title of the web page or article between quotation marks (” “) and capitalize it in title case (if the title is lengthy, only use the first few words of it) like follows: A collapse of the main ramp of the San Jose mine traps 33 workers 2,300 feet below for two months, stranding them for two months (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010).

When a group or an organization develops a work, that organization, company, university, government agency, or association can be considered as the author of that work under certain circumstances.

(University of Arizona Global Campus, 2017).

2 Authors for a Source

Whenever your source includes two authors, use an ampersand () for your end-of-sentence (parenthetical)citation, but use the word “and” when the final names are a part of your sentence (narrative citation): JonesFraenza (2017) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized Jones and Fraenza (2017) made the following statement.

(See p.

3 or More Authors for a Source

When there are three or more authors named, just the last name of the first author listed should be included, followed by the phrase “et al.”:. (Lekkerkerk and colleagues, 2014, para. 2) That was examined by Lekkerkerk et al. (2014).

Group Author with Acronym Abbreviation

When referencing a group or organization with a name that is widely abbreviated, write down the full name of the group or organization the first time you mention it: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020, paragraph 2). That information was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). For each additional citation from a source, use the abbreviation for the organization that it belongs to: Paragraph 2 of the CDC’s 2020 report. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supplied this information.

Example: If you read an article by Brown (2020) that mentions a previous work by Smith (2017), Brown is regarded the secondary or indirect source (since the article was produced later) and Smith is considered the direct or original source (because the earlier work was written earlier) (because it was written first).

When citing a source that you discovered in another source, credit the original author and year first, followed by ” as referenced in ” the secondary author’s last name and year, and then the source in question.

More Examples:

According to Lee’s 2014 study, which was quoted in Brown’s (2019) article: “Coffee helps students stay awake while studying” (Lee, 2014, as cited in Brown, 2019). According to Parker (2016), who was also mentioned on page 5 of an article by Miles (2020), the writer would like to include a quote from Parker (2016): The statement made by Parker (2016), as mentioned in Miles, 2020, is that “drinking coffee black is more healthful” (p. 5). Sometimes, when conducting research, you will discover that there are several sources for a single statement.

Single Idea Sentence

The citations for all sources should be included at the conclusion of the sentence, with the sources listed alphabetically after that. For example, researchers generally agree that drinking coffee has health advantages (Centanni, 2020; Dunn et al., 2019; JonesHemerda, 2020).

Multiple Idea Sentence

The citation should be included immediately after the information from the source. Research has hypothesized, for example, that the absence of social cues and pressures in electronic communications may reduce the anxiety associated with asking for help (KisantisChow, 2017), and that this may result in a more comfortable, open environment in which all members are treated on an equal footing (Sullivan, 2012).

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