How do you cite a website in an essay?
- Cite the website by placing the name of the website‘s editor or author in parenthesis at the end of the sentence containing information from the cited website source. Include a works cited page to be included after the last page of the essay.
- 1 How do you do an in text citation for a website?
- 2 How do you cite in text MLA?
- 3 How do you MLA in text cite a website with no pages?
- 4 How do you cite a chapter in a book MLA?
- 5 How do you cite a website in MLA 8?
- 6 How do you cite a website without an author?
- 7 How do you cite Wikipedia in text?
- 8 How do you cite a website with no number?
- 9 How to cite a website in MLA
- 10 Citing online articles
- 11 Citing an entire website
- 12 Publishers in MLA website citations
- 13 Frequently asked questions about MLA style
- 14 Library Guides: MLA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
- 15 Creating MLA In-Text Citations
- 16 How Do You Do In-Text Citations in MLA
- 17 MLA In-Text Citations for a Website or Video With No Page Numbers
- 18 MLA In-Text Citation for Multiple Sources
- 19 How to Create In-Text Citations for Anthologies and Collections
- 20 In-Text Citations for Religious Works and Scripture Citations
- 21 Quoting vs. Paraphrasing
- 22 How to Format Long Quotes in an MLA In-Text Citation
- 23 Easy In-Text Citations for Your MLA Paper
- 24 FAQ Creating MLA 8 In-Text Citations
- 25 Using MLA in-text citations
- 26 Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper
- 27 Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines
- 28 Research Guides: MLA Style: In-text citations
- 29 How to Cite a Website Using MLA and APA In-Text Citations
- 30 How to Cite a Website Using APA
- 31 Other APA Website Formats
- 32 How to Cite a Website Using MLA
- 33 Other MLA Website Formats
- 34 Where to Find Website Citation Information
- 35 Writing Proper APA and MLA In-Text Citations for Websites
- 36 Research, Citation, & Class Guides: MLA Style: In-Text Citation
- 36.1 Key Elements (p. 3)
- 36.2 One Author: Direct Quotes (p. 3)
- 36.3 One Author: Paraphrasing (p. 9)
- 36.4 Two Authors (p. 116)
- 36.5 Three or More Authors (p. 116)
- 36.6 No Author (p. 117)
- 36.7 No Page Numbers (p. 123)
- 36.8 Has Volume (p. 119)
- 36.9 Common Literature with Many Editions (p. 120)
- 36.10 Video (p. 57)
- 36.11 Play (p. 80)
- 36.12 Poem (p. 121)
- 36.13 Quoting a Quote (p. 124)
- 36.14 Two Citations in One Sentence (p. 58)
- 36.15 Web Resource
How do you do an in text citation for a website?
Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use n.d. (for no date) in place of the year: (Smith, n.d.).
How do you cite in text MLA?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you MLA in text cite a website with no pages?
Using In-text Citation MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
How do you cite a chapter in a book MLA?
The basic format for citing a book chapter in MLA format is: Author(s) of Chapter. “Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter.” Title of Book, edited by Editor of Book, Publisher, Publication Date, page numbers.
How do you cite a website in MLA 8?
Format. Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Page or Document.” Title of Website, Name of Organization Affiliated with the Website, Date of copyright or date last modified/updated, URL. Accessed access date.
“Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Structure: “Article Title.” Website Title. Publication/Updated Month Date, Year OR Accessed Month Date.
How do you cite Wikipedia in text?
When citing Wikipedia in-text, all you need is the article title. This is because Wikipedia is a collaborative website and there is no author or published date. The citation, which will be in parentheses, will have the title of the page or article in quotations.
How do you cite a website with no number?
No Page Numbers (Internet Resources) [6.05]
- Use the author or author’s surname(s), the date of publication, paragraph number.
- If no author is given, use the title of the document or headings.
- Do not include initials or full names of the author or author’s first name(s)
How to cite a website in MLA
Shona McCombes published a new article on July 17, 2019. On July 7, 2021, a revision was made. An MLA website citation comprises the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without the colon). For material that is expected to change over time or that has no known publishing date, provide an access date at the end of the document instead. Because websites do not often include page numbers, the in-text citation is just the author’s name in parentheses.
MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- MLA citations will be generated automatically using the Scribbr Citation Generator.
- Other sorts of online material, such as YouTube videos, TED Talks, and podcasts, have a different format than blogs.
Citing online articles
In the same way that a standard web page citation is formatted, referencing an item from an online newspaper, magazine, or blog is formatted the same way. If the article is a PDF version of a print piece, the format is slightly different from the print version. Write the title of the article in all capital letters (all major words capitalized). Make use of the most current publication date that appears on the page, including the day, month, and year if they are readily available.
|Format||Author last name,First name. “ Title of Article.”Website Name,Day Month Year,URL.|
|Works Citedentry||Smith, Helena. “The Women Who Brought Down Greece’s Golden Dawn.”The Guardian, 22 Oct. 2020, www.theguardian.com/world/2020/oct/22/the-women-who-brought-down-greeces-golden-dawn.|
It should be noted, however, that when citing online publications from academic journals, a different structure is employed. Learn how to properly cite journal articles in MLA format. If no author is recognized, leave this part out and begin with the title of the page or article instead of the page number. In your in-text citation, you should use an abbreviated version of the title. The initial words of yourWorks Citedentry must be in the shorter title as well.
|Format||“ Title of Article.”Website Name,Day Month Year,URL.|
|Works Citedentry||“US Election 2020: A Guide to the Final Presidential Debate.”BBC News, 21 Oct. 2020, www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2020-54620868.|
|In-text citation||(“US Election 2020”)|
If there is no publication date available, leave this part out and insert the date on which you viewed the page at the end of the document as a substitute.
|Format||“ Title of Article.”Website Name,URL. AccessedDay Month Year.|
|Works Citedentry||“Citing Sources and Referencing.”Scribbr, www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources. Accessed 16 July 2019.|
|In-text citation||(“Citing Sources”)|
It should be noted that there is a specific standard for citing items from onlinedictionaries.
Citing an entire website
The Works Cited item begins with the name of the website in italics if you are citing a whole website, as there is normally no designated author in this case. The publication or copyright date (which is normally located in the bottom of the website) should be included; if not, you should include the date on which you viewed the website at the conclusion of the citation.
|Format||Website Name.Day Month Year,URL.|
|Works Citedentry||Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 11 July 2019.|
When should you cite a whole website?
You should almost always provide the URL of the page or publication where you obtained the information. However, if you are providing a broad summary of the website’s content, referring simply to the homepage, or quoting material that occurs on several pages across the site (such as a company’s motto), you may be required to mention the full website. You should add a separate Works Cited entry for each page or article from the same website if you are citing numerous pages or articles from the same website.
Publishers in MLA website citations
If the website is produced by an organization that has a different name than the website itself, you should mention the organization’s name in the citation as well as the website itself. The publisher of a website is normally located somewhere in the footer of the website, most frequently adjacent to a copyright sign. If the name of the publisher is the same as the name of the website, you should leave it out of the citation in order to prevent duplication of information.
|Website with different publisher||Website the same as publisher|
|The MLA Style Center.Modern Language Association of America, 2019, style.mla.org.||Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 10 June 2019.|
|“Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety.”Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 5 Sept. 2018, www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/challenges/antibiotic-resistance.html.||“CEU Expresses Solidarity with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.”Central European U, 3 July 2019, www.ceu.edu/article/2019-07-03/ceu-expresses-solidarity-hungarian-academy-sciences.|
Frequently asked questions about MLA style
In MLA format, how do I reference a source that does not include an author or page numbers? If a source does not have an author, the MLA Works Citedentry should begin with the source title. In your in-text citation, you should use an abbreviated version of the title. You can use an alternate locator (e.g., a chapter number for a book or a timestamp for a video or audio source) to identify the relevant part in your in-text citation if the source doesn’t have page numbers available. If there are no numbered divisions in the source, only the author’s name should be used (or the title).
- As Rajaram contends, “cultural, political, and ideological objectives” influence how people see migration. “A movement for fundamentally alternative news,” according to the website of The Correspondent.
Is it necessary to italicize article titles in MLA? In MLA style, the title of an article is not italicized, but rather is enclosed in quotation marks. This applies to pieces published in journals, newspapers, websites, or any other type of publishing, as well as scholarly works. The title of the source where the article was published should be written in italics. For example, the website Scribbr publishes “A Complete Guide to MLA Citation,” which is a comprehensive guide to citation styles. Use the same formatting in the Works Citeddentry as you would when referencing the article in the body of the paper.
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Library Guides: MLA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
MLA style allows you to put the author’s name either inside the narrative body of your work or after the source’s citation in parentheses after the source’s citation. The following is an excerpt from the tale that includes the author’s name: According to Gass and Varonis, familiarity with the topic is the most essential factor in interpreting non-native communication in a foreign language (163). The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (Gass and Varonis 163).
The following is a direct quote: “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (Gass and Varonis 85).
Note: For quotations that are longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, quotations should be displayed as an indented block of text (one inch from the left margin) and quotation marks should be omitted.
In addition to boosting awareness, it has been demonstrated that practicing listening to accented speech can increase one’s listening comprehension.
Even a little exposure to accented speech can assist listeners improve their understanding, which in turn can enhance the level of service provided to international customers in general. (O’Malley, page 19)
Creating MLA In-Text Citations
The ins and outs of constructing an MLA in-text citation are covered in this tutorial. With the help of this quick and easy tutorial to MLA in-text citations, you’ll learn how to cope with many authors or no authors, various sources, and even anthologies.
How Do You Do In-Text Citations in MLA
Understanding how to create an MLA in-text citation can help you write more effectively. In this short and easy tutorial to MLA in-text citations, you’ll learn how to cope with many or no authors, various sources, and even anthologies.
Author-Page MLA In-Text Citation
The author-page citation is the style of citation that you should employ in-text in MLA. The first essential element, as well as the page number, are included in your MLA parenthetical citation. If the first core element is an author (as is usually the case), you place the author’s last name inside parentheses with the page number, which is known as a parenthetical citation. If the first core element is a title (as is usually the case), you place the title inside parentheses with the page number.
Unless you have previously acknowledged the author in the text, you should just add the page number, which is referred to as a narrative citation in this case.
In addition to each in-text citation, there must be at least one work-cited citation.
When to Include MLA In-Text Citations
When you explicitly quote or paraphrase material from another source, you should use in-text citations to properly credit the source. The in-text citation should be placed after the sentence that was cited or paraphrased since you do not want your reader to be distracted from the flow of information.
MLA In-Text Citations for a Website or Video With No Page Numbers
In MLA format, when you begin to create website citations, you’ll realize that some of them don’t have page numbers, but are instead separated into different categories such as chapters, sections, paragraphs, and so on. The same is true for film and media sources, which do not have a page number but rather a timestamp. In these instances, you specify the position of your source by utilizing the indications provided. You must include a comma after the author’s last name in these quotations. Abbreviations and the Organization Sections are denoted by the letters sec.
- Timestamp:hours:minutes:seconds Examples of parenthetical MLA in-text citations that do not include page numbers It has been established without any reasonable question that dogs that have performed tricks for their owners prefer treats above other rewards (DeJon, par.
- Marty McFly talks about.
- (15:10 – 16:57) – (02:15:10) – In certain cases, there will be no divides at all, which is a rare occurrence.
It might be difficult to figure out how to structure your in-text citations, especially if you are utilizing several authors, no authors, or writers with the same last name. As a result, it’s critical to understand how to deal with a variety of scenarios in the workplace.
Sources With Multiple Authors
When it comes to citing several authors in an in-text citation, the MLA provides a straightforward approach. In the case of two writers, you would list their last names with the word “and” between them. When there are three or more people, you include the et al. Two Authors in MLA In-Text Citation (Smith and Johnson 96) A total of three or more authors are required for MLA in-text citations (Dill et al. 96) Exemplifications of MLA Works Cited for two and many authors in MLA format John Smith and Debra Johnson are the authors of this work.
The University of Notre Dame Press published a book in 2010 titled Dill, Elizabeth, and colleagues Recovery Reality Checks.
Sources With No Known Author
When you come across a source that does not have a known author, you must cite it by its title. Some of these titles, on the other hand, might be rather lengthy. As a result, you shorten the title so that it only contains the most significant terms from the original title. In addition, you will adhere to the formatting guidelines stated in the works mentioned. The title should be kept in italics in the parenthetical citation if it is currently in italics. If, on the other hand, it’s in quotations, leave it in quotes.
According to the findings of the study, most dogs choose cookies as a sort of incentive for completing tricks (Dogs: Survey of Tricks10).
Pew Research Center published a report in September 2018 stating that Canine Research Report No.
Cite Authors With Same Last Name
An other issue that you may encounter while constructing your in-text citation in MLA is the presence of many authors with the same last name. Let’s face it, there are a lot of Smiths and Johnsons in the realm of scientific study. If this occurs to you, do not become alarmed! Simply put their first initial to the end of the citation (A. Johnson 75). An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Authors with the Same Name If one is talking about medical ethics, there are two schools of thought to consider (A.
- Johnson, 25).
- An Example of MLA Works Cited for Authors with the Same Last Name Annabelle Johnson is a fictional character created by author Annabelle Johnson.
- The New York Press will publish the book in 2020.
- There is just one School of Medical Ethics.
Cite Multiple Works by the Same Author
Because authors don’t limit themselves to a single work, you may find yourself referencing other novels or plays by the same author in your essay. In this scenario, you can’t just write them all as (Morrison, 23) since that would be too confusing for the audience. As a result, you must utilize the shortened title of the work in order to distinguish between them. When extracting quotes and material from books by Toni Morrison, your citations would be depending on the specific book that you were referencing.
An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Multiple Works (Beloved78) (Bluest Eye216) Work Cited Examples in MLA Format (for Multiple Works by the Same Author) Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved was published by Vintage Books in 2004. Vintage published The Bluest Eye in 2007.
How to Cite Corporate Authors
Let’s take a look at what to do for business authors when it comes to in-text citations in MLA format. The structure for a corporate author is similar to the one for an author’s in-text citation in a textual reference section. The only difference is that you use the corporation’s name instead of your own. And, if you need to shorten your citation, make sure to follow the MLA guidelines for abbreviations. Examples of MLA in-text citations for corporate authors are shown below. Every organization is responsible for the activities of its employees (U.S.
According to the United States Government Accountability Office, every company is responsible for the activities of its officers and directors (216) Example of Citation in MLAWorks for a Corporate Author The United States Government Accountability Office published 2020 Statistics in the National Academies Press in 2020.
MLA In-Text Citation for Multiple Sources
For the time being, let’s look at what to do with corporate writers when it comes to MLA in-text citations. The structure for a corporate author is similar to the one for an author’s in-text citation in a textual reference. There is only one difference: you use the name of the business rather than your own name. And, if you need to shorten your citation, make sure to follow the MLA guidelines for abbreviating a sentence. Examples of MLA in-text citations for corporate authors are provided below.
Govt Accountability Office 216).
Citing the Same Source
Most of the time, you will find yourself referencing the same source more than once inside a single part of your essay. If this occurs to you and you do not have any sources in between, you may choose to use a basic citation consisting just of the page number for each additional citation in that section if you do not have any sources in between. Keep in mind that this is only applicable if no other source is utilized in this area. Example of an MLA In-Text Citation The same source is used again and again.
These ideas “transcend time and infiltrate into present ages,” according to the author (22).
Citing Multiple Sources in MLA
When writing research papers, you may discover that your ideas come from a variety of sources rather than just one. As a result, you must include both of these authors in your citations in your paper. This will be accomplished by the use of a semicolon. Example of MLA In-Text Citation with Multiple Sources (Smith 25; Johnson 30)
How to Create In-Text Citations for Anthologies and Collections
When it comes to in-text citations, collections and anthologies can be a bit difficult to navigate because they contain works by a variety of writers. Rather than citing the overbearing editor of the collection or anthology, you should cite the individual who said the statement or provided the content.
As a result, if you include a quotation from Martin Luther King Jr. in an anthology that also includes lines from Winston Churchill, you must give his last name as well as the page number where the quote appears. An example of an in-text citation in MLA format for an anthology (King 798)
In-Text Citations for Religious Works and Scripture Citations
When it comes to biblical or scriptural MLA in-text citations, things may get complicated since there are a variety of ways to format them based on how you introduce or do not introduce the source. If you are referring to a specific bible, such as the King James Bible, the word is italicized. However, when it comes to the Bible as a whole, this is not the case. Additionally, rather simply using the page number in your in-text reference, you should mention the chapter and verse. In-Text Citation in the Bible Using MLA Format “TheLordGod established a garden eastward in Eden” for Adam and Eve, according to the Bible (King James Version, Gen.
Quoting vs. Paraphrasing
In accordance with the MLA style standard, you must include in-text citations for any direct quotations and paraphrases that you utilize. These two words, on the other hand, are not the same, and the way you structure them is also different.
Understanding Direct Quotes
Any direct quotations in your work will be enclosed in quotation marks and will include the material in its entirety as it appears in the original source document. An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for a Direct Quote The demise of the Roman Empire, according to Smith, “was predetermined by.” (256) Because this is a direct quote, the words are included in quotation marks to indicate that they are not the author’s own words.
Paraphrasing is the use of the author’s words inside your work, but they are not exact copies of the author’s words. Your paraphrased portion will provide a concise summary of the author’s views and opinions, which you will write yourself in order to avoid plagiarism. An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for Paraphrasing According to Smith, the Roman empire was mighty, but there were a few occasions that demonstrated their demise was on the horizon (256). Direct quotations are not included in paraphrasing.
Using In-Direct Quotes
The usage of indirect quotations is discouraged by the MLA. If at all feasible, you should obtain the information directly from the source. But there are situations when you may need to incorporate an indirect quote in your document. In MLA in-text citations, you must include the phrase “quoted in” before the citation, which is written as “qtd. in.” In-Text Citation for an Indirect Quote in MLA Format Example Smith cites the words of Titus Maccius Plautus, “If you have resisted your propensity and not been overpowered by it,” as an example (qtd.
Signal Phrases for Quoting and Paraphrasing
To effectively quote and paraphrase an author, it’s critical to give some sort of lead-in for your reader, especially when summarizing a lengthy passage. Otherwise, it may be difficult for the reader to recognize that they are transitioning from your own words to the words of someone else’s. As a result, you should include some signal phrases to indicate that you are shifting your attention away from your own ideas.
As a signal phrase in a sentence, you will frequently find yourself using the author’s name as a signal phrase. An Example of an MLA In-Text Citation for a Signal Phrase Dobs and Swanson point out the many types of genes that are employed in gene sequencing to demonstrate. (678)
How to Format Long Quotes in an MLA In-Text Citation
An in-text reference in MLA format that contains long quotations or block quotes is considered a distinct sort of beast. Block quotations are used for any passage of prose that is longer than five lines and any poetry or conversation that is longer than three lines. They contribute to the reader’s understanding of the lengthy quote.
Easy In-Text Citations for Your MLA Paper
In-text citations in MLA style are simple to produce because of its simplicity. It’s important to constantly keep your audience in mind when writing school papers. Make a clear connection between your in-text citations and the final entry in your works cited lists so that your sources can be accessed quickly and simply by your teacher and your reader. Articles that are related:
FAQ Creating MLA 8 In-Text Citations
In-text citations in MLA format are provided in a paper after a piece has been cited or paraphrased. Because they provide both the author’s last name and the page number where the information can be found, they are able to demonstrate to the reader that the words are not your own.
For an MLA source with multiple authors, you must add both of the authors’ last names, with the word “and” between them for two authors (Smith and Johnson). When there are three or more writers, you insert the first author’s last name and the words et al. after it. (According to Johnson et al.)
When it comes to a source that does not have an author, you should substitute the title of the work for the author (Dogs Life 40). If there are no page numbers, you can use paragraph numbers, lines, or other symbols to indicate where you are in the document. However, if there isn’t anything else accessible to use in place of a page number, you might just include the title or the last name of the author (Fox).
Who uses the MLA citation style?
MLA citation is a style of writing that is utilized by students and professionals in the fields of language arts and humanities. The Modern Language Association developed the MLA writing style in order to make referencing language arts works more convenient.
How do you do parenthetical citations in MLA
MLA requires that you include the author’s last name as well as the page number in parenthesis when creating a parenthetical citation (Johnson 3). When using a narrative in-text citation, it is necessary to provide both the author’s last name and the page number in parentheses in the text.
Using MLA in-text citations
Information regarding parenthetical citations in general
How do I cite sources in my paper?
The following procedures apply to both print and electronic sources and are essentially the same in both cases. When you quote or paraphrase a specific section of a text from a source, include enough information — most commonly the author’s last name and the page number — to let the reader to locate the exact section of the text that you are referencing. The title of the work, as well as the name of the author, will need to be referenced, either in the sentence itself or in the parenthetical citation, if you are referencing two sources written by the same author.
The parenthetical information should not repeat material that has already been provided in your text (for example, if you have included the author’s name in your text, you should not add it in the reference).
For further information and examples of citations, see Citing books, papers, and other sources parenthetically in your paper (also available in Spanish).
How should I format my quotations and citation information?
If the direct reference, paraphrase, or quote is less than four lines in length, provide the citation information in parentheses at the end of the sentence, immediately following any quotation marks and just before the sentence’s final punctuation. When you have a quotation that is more than four lines long, you should use the block quotation format: indent one-half inch from the left margin, double space the quotation, and do not use quotation marks. The parenthetical citation should be placed after the period (or other mark of punctuation) that marks the conclusion of the block quotation.
Instead of using page numbers, if an electronic source uses paragraph or section numbers instead of page numbers, use the appropriate abbreviation (e.g., “par.”; do not count paragraphs if they are not numerically referenced in the electronic source; do not include any numbers in your citation if the electronic source does not provide page or paragraph numbers).
After that, include any other identifying information—such as abbreviations for “chapter” and “section”—and then the appropriate number.
Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper
The examples on this page, in conjunction with the instructions regarding organizing and formatting in–text citations provided here, demonstrate how a variety of different source types are appropriately mentioned in accordance with MLA’s citation requirements. –Includes the author’s name in the text Magny elaborates on his point of view (67-69). –The author’s name appears in the reference This is an argument that has been previously explored (Magny 67-69). Indirect or “secondhand” sources were used to find this quotation.
- in Magny 66).
- –The names of two writers appear in the reference list.
- A reference to the volume and page in a multivolume book is necessary.
- The reference is to the entire volume.
- –On the list of works referenced, there are two works by the same author.
- And while this relationship may seem odd given the themes and substance of A Clockwork Orange, Frye’s unique viewpoint on the nature of genres gives light on this uncommon pairing (“Rhetorical Criticism: Theory of Genres”).
- –There are two sources given.
–Personal interview; the interviewer’s name is stated in the text Phys ed instructors must comprehend the link between physical exercise and fitness, according to Parsons, who tackles this issue.
Quote from a play with page numbers is provided.
Quotation from a play that includes division and line numbers As demonstrated by the Duke’s admonition that the best answer to sadness is to move on (Othello1.3.208–209), this is a valid point.
“What is it to realize the absolute value / of negative grace.?” Barry inquires with a cutting tone.
Source that makes use of paragraph numbers in its electronic form The workplace in the semiconductor industry is extremely hazardous (Ross par.
35). –Electronic source that makes use of chapter and section numbers to organize information “Once we begin to rely heavily on a tool, it begins to rely heavily on us” (Rawlins ch. 1, sec. 1).
Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines
When a direct reference, summary, paraphrase, or quote is used, parenthetical citations are used at the conclusion of the sentence in which the reference is made. Citations for quotes that are less than four lines should be placed after the closing quotation marks and before the sentence’s concluding punctuation (see example below). When you have a quotation that is longer than four lines long, use theblock quotationformat:
- In the majority of circumstances, a colon should be used to introduce the quotation
- One-half inch from the left margin, indent the quotation. The quotation should be double spaced. It is not necessary to use quote marks.
After the period (or other mark of punctuation) that concludes the block quote, include the parenthetical citation (author and page number) in the block quotation.
Research Guides: MLA Style: In-text citations
When mentioning more than four lines of cited material, the quoted part should be presented as a distinct or “block” of lines in the text. Remove the first line of the quoted part and indent it one-half inch from the left edge. Do not indent anything else in the portion after that. Use a colon to punctuate the sentence that introduces the quote rather than quotation marks to denote the quotation. Use parentheses to indicate the page number(s) of the quoted content at the end of the final phrase of the block quote.
- Example: Willa Cather’s talent to build precise interior places is demonstrated on the opening page of her novel, Song of the Lark, with the description of the physician’s office: I imagined it to be carpeted and stiffly furnished, something along the lines of a country parlor.
- The doctor’s flat-top desk was spacious and well-constructed; the papers were arranged in neat heaps beneath glass weights.
- A medical library of every thickness and hue might be found in this room.
How to Cite a Website Using MLA and APA In-Text Citations
When it comes to finding information, websites have risen to become one of the most common methods. Knowing how to correctly reference a website may help you save a significant amount of time when producing a bibliography. There is no difference between APA and MLA citation styles when it comes to the material included in the citation, but the forms are. Following that, here’s how to properly reference a webpage in the APA and MLA formats.
How to Cite a Website Using APA
According on the sort of website that you’re citing, the APA citation format will differ. However, you can always make things a little simpler on yourself by writing your citations using one of the Google Docs add-ons instead. The author’s last name, the date the article was published, the title of the page or the article’s URL are all typically included in APA citations for online publications, unless otherwise specified.
An example of a typical APA citation for a website is as follows: F. M. is the last name (Year, Month Date). The title of the page. The name of the website. URL. Let’s take a look at each component of the APA citation to offer you a comprehensive overview.
The last name of the author should be the first letter of the citation; the first and middle initials of the author should come after that. If there is no specific author identified on the page, the author section should be skipped and the title of the article should be used instead. The author’s identity is not often credited on the page, but the organization that created it is frequently credited. An example of this might be something like this: Name of the organization. (Year, month, and day of the week.) The title of the page.
The next piece of information is the date on which the article or webpage was published. If there is no publication or revision date indicated on the page, the date should be replaced with n.d. (not yet published) (no date). A retrieval date should also be included if you believe the information on the webpage will change over time. This will allow others to see when you obtained the information.
The title of the article or website should be included after the date of publication. The title of your citation should follow the same structure as the title of your reference list when you are composing the in-text citation. The in-text citation should follow this structure, however it should include quotes because the page title will be italicized in your reference list. It’s also important to remember that title case is only used for in-text citations, and that sentence case is only used in the reference list.
After the title, provide the site’s name and URL in the body of the text. When quoting your website’s URL, make sure to leave out any tracking data. The webpage or online article that you mention must contain relevant in-text citations that correspond to the reference list entry that you are referencing. There is no requirement for a formal citation if you do not quote or paraphrase the article in your in-text reference, though. Including the URL in parenthesis after the name of a website is acceptable in most cases.
Putting It All Together
Following the completion of your research, your webpage APA citation should look something like this: M. Patkar is a writer who lives in India (2021, June 22). The top eight smart magic mirror projects for the Raspberry Pi. MUO.
Other APA Website Formats
Consider the following scenario: you wish to reference an online item published by the New York Post. You may just use the same style as you would for any print source, with the exception that you will include the URL at the end of the citation instead of the beginning. You’ll use this layout for any online newspapers, periodicals, or encyclopedias that also have print editions, such as those published by the New York Times. As an illustration: J. O’Neill, et al (2021, June 23). For the first time in 600,000 years, a very eccentric small planet approaches the planet Earth.
- You’ll use the same structure for any blog postings that you choose to include in your paper.
- Similarly, you may reference social media postings; but, because they don’t have proper titles, you’ll substitute the first 20 words of the post’s caption or description for the title of the post.
- Fill out the square brackets with any relevant information regarding the sort of post you’re writing, such as, for example.
- In every other case, simply use their screen name.
- For the sake of illustration, here’s what an APA reference for a social media post would look like.
S. Germanotta’s et al (2021, June 14). The Bad Kid Vault, a collection of 16 hand-curated creative tools from @hauslabs that were inspired by Instagram, is now available in limited numbers on hauslabs.com.
How to Cite a Website Using MLA
In many ways, mentioning a website using MLA is the same as citing the same website with APA. The only significant variation is in the formatting. Typically, every MLA citation includes the author’s name, page title (if applicable), website name (if applicable), the publication date (if applicable), and the URL. The title of the page will be written in quote marks, the website’s name will be written in italics, and the URL will not have the prefix ” at the beginning. This is an example of how a typical MLA citation for a website should be formatted: Last name and first name of the author “Title of the Article,” says the author.
As an illustration, Patkar and Mihir.
If you are unsure about who the author is, begin the citation with the title of the page rather than the author’s name.
If there is no publication date indicated, you can still use the access date to make your decision.
Other MLA Website Formats
If you’re referencing an article from an online newspaper, magazine, or blog, use the same basic MLA website citation format as you would for any other type of publication. In contrast to APA style, there are no specific guidelines for this type of formatting. If you wish to reference a full website rather than a specific page, you should exclude the author’s name from your citation. Instead, just begin the reference with the website’s name in italics, like follows: Name of the website. Day, month, year, and URL are all required.
The usage of this style will also be necessary when making references to the site’s homepage or when quoting content from several distinct pages on the site, such as a slogan.
A website may be produced by an entity that does not have the same name as the website; in this case, the organization’s name must be provided in the citation as well.
There is no need to provide an in-text reference if the author’s name was previously stated in your sentence.
Where to Find Website Citation Information
On a published article, the majority of the content may be located either at the top or at the bottom of the webpage. On occasion, the publication date will be shown at the top of the article, along with the author’s name and the title of the piece.
If you are unable to locate all of the information at the top of the page, try scrolling all the way down to the bottom. The author’s byline will be included in most articles, and this will direct you to their website.
Writing Proper APA and MLA In-Text Citations for Websites
The information contained in APA and MLA citations for websites will be similar in most cases. The only difference between the two is the way they are formatted. If you’re weary of slogging through the process of writing the ideal citation, you might want to consider using a citation generator to save time. 5 Automatic Citation Apps That Make It Easier to Write Bibliographies (Part 1) Free online bibliography and citation tools are available to assist with any type of writing. These programs can save you time by providing you with automated citations when you need them.
Raul Mercado is a Mexican actor.
He has been working in digital marketing for almost four years and spends his leisure time working on Camping Helper.
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Research, Citation, & Class Guides: MLA Style: In-Text Citation
|Key Elements||No Author||Poem|
|One Author: Direct Quotes||No Page Number||Video|
|One Author: Paraphrasing||Specific Volume||Quoting a Quote|
|Two-Three Authors||Common Literature with Many Editions||Two Citations in One Sentence|
|Four or More Authors||Play||Web Resources|
Key Elements (p. 3)
When you borrow ideas and quotes from others, give credit to the source by giving the following information: As an example, the in-text reference (see page 214 of the book written by the Modern Language Association) directs the reader to the complete citation on the Works Cited list; the Works Cited list will provide the entire publishing data. “Typically, the author’s last name and a page reference are sufficient to identify the source and the precise place from which you obtained the content,” says the author (Modern Language Association 214).
In order to optimize the efficacy of your work, you are urged to use a variety of citation formats in your in-text citations.
- The last name of the author and the page number are included in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
As an example, “When his father told him that he would be able to return to school again, Charles’s eyes welled up with tears of thankfulness” (Hibbert 83).
- Page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence, with the author’s name appearing in the text.
Ex. President John F. Kennedy, according to Andrea Tone, used up to eight drugs a day to treat illness and stress (112).
- When there are no page numbers (for example, web pages), include as much information about the source as feasible in the phrase.
Take, for example, copyright researcher Lawrence Lessig, who reported in his widely read blog that, as of March 2009, over 100 million photographs on Flickr were licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license.
One Author: Direct Quotes (p. 3)
Include the last name of the author as well as the page number. “When Charles’ father told him that he would be able to return to school, his eyes welled up with tears of thankfulness” (Hibbert83).
One Author: Paraphrasing (p. 9)
Cite the author’s name as well as the paraphrased page numbers. For example, many insects and animals have a wider range of color vision than humans, including the ability to see in the ultraviolet and infrared (Kimura 163-65).
Two Authors (p. 116)
Include the last name of each author, followed by the page number of their work.
For example, Facebook’s impact over online privacy standards extends far beyond its 500 million users; its privacy rules, “more than those of any other firm, are contributing to the definition of standards for privacy in the Internet age,” according to the company (Helft and Wortham B1).
Three or More Authors (p. 116)
Give the last name of the first author, followed by the preposition “et al,” which signifies “and others.” Ex. According to one study, people “may not comprehend the possible ramifications of sharing personal information for public display in an online social networking group,” which is a contributing factor to the problem (Foulger et al. 1-2). CitationsFoulger, Teresa S., and colleagues, “Moral Spaces on MySpace: Preservice Teachers’ Perspectives on Ethical Issues in Social Networking,” Journal of Educational Technology, vol.
Academic OneFile (accessed July 29, 2010).
No Author (p. 117)
When a citation does not have an author, the title of the citation should be used in place of the author. When possible, provide page numbers in your document. If the title of a work appears in the Works Cited list, it should be used in the in-text citation. For example, even though many online social networking sites are provided free of charge to users, “They are operated by commercial organizations that, understandably, strive to earn a profit at any costs. Because they are unable to charge access fees, they collect data.” ” (“Online Privacy” 28).
No Page Numbers (p. 123)
Include as much information as possible in the text, such as the title, the author’s name, the website, and so on. When the chapter is available, include a reference to it. For example, Kurosawa’s Throne of Blood is an adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” for the Japanese market (Evans).
Has Volume (p. 119)
When you utilize two volumes from the same set, just the volume number should be cited in the in-text reference. If you just mention one volume, simply add that information in the Works Cited section of the bibliography. Include the name of the author, the volume number, and the page number in your document. His crisp and clear narrative style, which has had a significant impact on modern writing, is best seen in The Sun Also Rises and The Old Man and the Sea, among other works (Aviero 3: 23-5).
Common Literature with Many Editions (p. 120)
Include the author’s name, page number, and chapter number in your document. A dark-haired girl appears in Winston’s dream as a white body with smooth skin: “Her body was white and smooth, yet it arouse[d] no desire in him, indeed he hardly glanced at it.” (56; see also ch. 3)
Video (p. 57)
Because videos do not have page numbers, the time stamp should be included. Cheetahs, for example, can go from “zero to sixty in three seconds, or three strides” (Smithsonian Channel 0:45).
Play (p. 80)
Do not use the page number when citing the act, scene, and line number.
- Start with the biggest division (typically an act) and work your way down to the smallest division (usually a scene or a line)
- Each division should be separated by a period. If the author’s name appears elsewhere in your article, it is not necessary to provide it here. alternatively, use the first major word in the title instead
The quote should be included into the main body of the text. Nora, for example, has a revelation when she realizes that her husband will never be able to repay her for the sacrifices she has made to defend his pride. She ultimately confronts Helmer, telling him, “You don’t think or speak like the kind of man I would want to associate myself with” (Dollact 3). (Please keep in mind that Ibsen’s A Doll House is split exclusively by act, thus this is the only division you may use.) Ex. Although Oedipus blames the gods for his terrible fate, he acknowledges that his most recent affliction is the result of his own actions when he sobs, “I am the cause of my own misery.” “The blinding hand, on the other hand, was mine!
How could I endure to look when everything in my field of vision was filled with horror?” (OedipusExodus.2.114-16). (Please note that Oedipus Rex is divided into multiple sections; the citation includes all of the divisions that are accessible.)
Two or More Characters
- Insert an indentation of one inch from either side of the margin and double-space the quotation
- It is necessary to indent these lines by 1/4 inch if a character’s dialogue goes onto the following line of your document
- Write the names of the characters in all capital letters, followed by a period. It is not necessary to use quote marks.
OEDIPUS. What kind of web has God been spinning for me, I wonder? IOCASTÊ. Oedipus! What exactly bothers you about this? OEDIPUS. Please do not inquire of me at this time. First, describe how Laos seemed to you, and then tell me how old he was. IOCASTÊ. He was tall, with white hair that was just a touch lighter than yours, and he had a shape that was similar to yours. OEDIPUS. I’m beginning to believe that I’ve been damned by my own dumb decree. (Oedipus2.2.211-16)
Shakespearean Play (p. 121)
OEDIPUS. God has been creating a net for me, I wonder. IOCASTÊ. Oedipus! You seem to be bothered by something. OEDIPUS. I’m not going to answer any questions for you right now! First and foremost, please describe Laos’s appearance and age. IOCASTÊ. Despite being tall and having white hair, he had a shape that was similar to yours. OEDIPUS. Because of my own errant decree, I believe I may be cursed as well. (Oedipus2.2.211-16)
Poem (p. 121)
Cite specific line numbers. There are no line numbers? If there is only one page, there is no need to reference a page number. If there are more than one page, include the page numbers.
3 Lines or Fewer
The quotation should be incorporated into the body of your writing.
- Make use of quote marks. Line breaks should be indicated by slashes (/), and other punctuation should be left as it occurs in the poem. If the author’s name appears elsewhere in your article, it is not necessary to provide it here. substitute the first major word in the poem’s title for the first significant word
- The title of the poem should be included in the sentences immediately preceding the quotation
- Otherwise, just the line number should be included.
Example: In “Hands,” Jeffers humanizes prehistoric cave paintings by giving the drawers a voice, saying, “Look: we, too, were humans; we had hands, not paws” (line 10) For example, Eliot instantly engages the reader with his use of the second person in the opening lines: “Let us go then, you and I / When the evening is stretched out against the sky” (When the evening is spread out against the sky) (“Prufrock” 1-2).
Four or More Lines
Begin the citation on a new line with a capital letter.
- You should not use quote marks unless they are necessary in the poetry
- Each line should be indented 1 inch from the left margin and double-spaced
- Line breaks should be indicated by slashes (/), and other punctuation should be left as it occurs in the poem.
Ex. Yeats, himself an Irish nationalist, knew some of the Easter Monday rebels personally, and he specifically names them by name in his poem “Easter Monday Rebellion.” He also mentions his erstwhile antagonist, Major John MacBride, who was temporarily married to Yeats’s love, Maude Gonne, during the course of their relationship. Despite the fact that he recognizes MacBride’s gallantry, he does it with reluctance: A booze-addled, conceited braggart He had done the most grievous injustice to certain people who were close to my heart.
Quoting a Quote (p. 124)
Begin with the phrase “qtd. in,” which means “quoted in,” and then mention the author of the text in which the quotation appears, as well as the page number on which the quote appears. Gala Dali was comfortable in her place as Dali’s primary lifelong lover and muse, according to Anders, despite his numerous liaisons with her (qtd. in Chahine 13).
Two Citations in One Sentence (p. 58)
Include “qtd. in,” which stands for “quoted in,” followed by the author of the text in which you’re quoting and the page number on which you’re quoting from. Gala Dali was comfortable in her place as Dali’s primary lifelong lover and muse, according to Anders, despite his multiple liaisons with her (qtd. in Chahine 13).
Use the same guidelines as you would for print resources. In MLA style, URLs are not utilized for in-text citations. To give an example, as creative entrepreneurship and networking become increasingly vital to artistic achievement, the new paradigm is being referred to as “the displacement of depth by width” (Deresiewicz).
For example, the Hövding is a novel style of cycling helmet that is worn like a collar and “protects even more of the head than regular helmets,” according to the publication “This Invisible.”