In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How to make an in text citation?
- On the References tab,in the Citations Bibliography group,click the arrow next to Style and click the style that you want to use for the citation and source.
- Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite.
- On the Reference tab,click Insert Citation and then do one of the following: To add the source information,click Add New Source,and then,in the Create Source dialog
- If you chose to add a source,enter the details for the source. To add more information about a source,click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.
- Click OK when finished. The source is added as a citation at the place you selected in your document.
- 1 How do you cite an online article in APA in-text?
- 2 How do you cite an article when writing?
- 3 How do you cite an article in APA?
- 4 How do you reference an article in an APA paper?
- 5 Can I cite articles?
- 6 How do you cite an article in a paper example?
- 7 How do you cite an Internet article?
- 8 How do you cite a research article?
- 9 How do you cite an article with no author?
- 10 How do you cite an article in-text in APA 7th edition?
- 11 Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
- 12 How to cite a journal article in APA Style
- 13 Basic format for an APA journal citation
- 14 Citing unpublished journal articles
- 15 Special issue of a journal
- 16 Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations
- 17 How do I cite an article that has not yet been published or an advanced version that was published online?
- 18 Library Guides: APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citation
- 18.0.1 Kakhnovets, R. (2011). Relationships among personality, expectations about counseling, and help-seeking attitudes.Journal of CounselingDevelopment, 89, 11-19.
- 18.0.2 Logan, C.,Johnstone, L. (2010). Personality disorder and violence: Making the link through risk formulation.Journal of Personality Disorders, 24, 610-633.
- 18.0.3 (“Deflecting immigration,” 2006)
- 18.0.4 Tell, D. (2004). Burke’s encounter with ransom: Rhetoric and epistemology in “Four Master Tropes.”Rhetoric Society Quarterly34 (4), 33-54.
- 19 LibGuides: Citation Resources: APA 7th Ed: In-Text Citations
- 20 LibGuides: MLA Citation Resources: Common Web Resources (basic web sites, journal articles, government reports, tv programs, TED Talks, movies & Art/Photos)
- 20.0.1 If there is no author, skip and go to the next item in the sequence, in this case the title of the source (web page or article). If there is no web page or article title skip and go to the next item in the sequence, the website title.
- 20.0.2 *Note that MLA requires URLs for web resources. Be sure to remove theorfrom your URL. The date of access is optional. Ask your instructor for guidance.*
- 21 In-Text Citations: An Overview
- 21.0.1 Citation in prose
- 21.0.2 Parenthetical citation
- 21.0.3 Work cited
- 21.0.4 Citation in prose
- 21.0.5 Parenthetical citation
- 21.0.6 Work cited
- 21.0.7 Parenthetical citations
- 21.0.8 Parenthetical citations
- 21.0.9 Works cited
- 21.0.10 Citations (incorrect)
- 21.0.11 Citations (correct)
- 21.0.12 Citation (incorrect)
- 21.0.13 Citation (correct)
- 22 What Are In-Text Citations?
- 23 How to write an in-text citation
- 24 APA Format In-Text Citations
- 25 MLA and Chicago Formatting
- 26 Do’s and Don’ts of In-text Citations
- 27 How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA With Examples
- 28 How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA
- 29 How to Cite a Print Newspaper Article in MLA
- 30 Newspaper Web Article Citation Format
- 31 How to Cite a Newspaper on a Database MLA
- 32 Newspaper MLA Citation Format With No Author
- 33 Primary and Secondary Sources
- 34 Strengthen Your MLA Citations
- 35 FAQ How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA With Examples
- 36 Subject guides: Citing and referencing: In-text citations
How do you cite an online article in APA in-text?
When citing a web page or online article in APA Style, the in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and year of publication. For example: (Worland & Williams, 2015). Note that the author can also be an organization. For example: (American Psychological Association, 2019).
How do you cite an article when writing?
Every source used in academic writing must always be cited. Citations for online articles are written as follows: write the author(s) name(s), name of the article in quotation marks, title of the publication in italics, volume and issue numbers of the source, and the year of publication.
How do you cite an article in APA?
A basic reference list entry for a journal article in APA must include:
- Author or authors.
- Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
- Article title.
- Journal title (in italics).
- Volume of journal (in italics).
- Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics).
- Page range of article.
- DOI or URL.
How do you reference an article in an APA paper?
Start by listing the author’s last name and first initials, followed by the date of publication in parentheses. Provide the title of the article, but only capitalize the first letter of the title. Next, list the journal or periodical and volume number in italics, followed by the issue number in parentheses.
Can I cite articles?
Sample Citations – Scholarly Articles List each author in the same order they appear in the article’s byline. Use the ampersand (&) rather than the word “and.” List the first nineteen authors. Insert an ellipses () after the name of the nineteenth author followed by the name of the last author listed.
How do you cite an article in a paper example?
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
How do you cite an Internet article?
Include information in the following order:
- author (the person or organisation responsible for the site)
- year (date created or last updated)
- page title (in italics)
- name of sponsor of site (if available)
- accessed day month year (the day you viewed the site)
- URL or Internet address (pointed brackets).
How do you cite a research article?
Citations for scholarly articles should include the following:
- Name of Author(s)
- Year of Publication.
- Full Title of Article.
- Title of Journal (italicized)
- Volume Number of Journal.
- Page Numbers of Article.
Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication. When a work has no identified author, cite in text the first few words of the article title using double quotation marks, “headline-style” capitalization, and the year.
How do you cite an article in-text in APA 7th edition?
Source with no author in parentheses. Give the title of the work in place of the author. Abbreviate to a few words if the title is long and complicated. Italicize a book title, and use quotation marks around the title of the source is an article.
Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
Rather than appearing at the conclusion of long clauses or phrases, in-text references should occur immediately after the title, word, or phrase to which they are closely related. References inside the text should always come before punctuation marks. The following are some examples of in-text citations. The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (GassVaronis, 1984).
Authors that belong to a group include: The first citation is as follows: (American Psychological Association, 2015) Following that, a citation is made: (APA, 2015) Several pieces of work: (separate each work with semi-colons) According to research, listening to a specific dialect increases comprehension of accented speech in general, not only in that accent (GassVaronis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).
The following is a verbatim quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (GassVaronis, 1984, p.
According to Gass and Varonis (1984), “the listener’s prior knowledge of the topic of discourse substantially assists the comprehension of the entire message” (p.
Note: For direct quotes of more than 40 words, the quote should be displayed as an indented block of text without quotation marks, with the names of the authors, the year of publication, and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end.
That is, prior exposure to nonnative speech, such as that received by listening to the reading, makes it easier to comprehend what is being read.
77) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal
How to cite a journal article in APA Style
Jack Caulfield’s article was published on November 5, 2020. On September 27, 2021, a revision was made. This article is written in accordance with the American Psychological Association’s 7th edition criteria. The American Psychological Association’s sixth edition guidelines may be found here. Author(s), publication year, article title, journal name, volume and issue number, page range of article, and DOI (Digital Object Identifier) are all included in an APA Stylecitation for an academic journal article (if available).
The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself. The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
The Scribbr Reference Generator will automatically write a faultless APA citation, or you may manually cite it yourself.
Basic format for an APA journal citation
The title of the article appears in plain text and sentence case, but the name of the magazine is in italics and title case (all major words capitalized).
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Article title.Journal Name,Volume(Issue),Page range.DOIorURL|
|Reference entry||Mounier-Kuhn, P. (2012). Computer science in French universities: Early entrants and latecomers.InformationCulture: A Journal of History,47 (4), 414–456.|
|In-text citation||(Mounier-Kuhn, 2012)|
When reading a journal article online, most of the necessary information may be found on the access page of the paper. When articles are only available in PDF format, they may only include an e-locator rather than a page range; in this instance, you should provide the e-locator in your citation.
Linking to online journal articles
When ADOI is available, it should be used whenever possible. Despite the fact that some databases do not list one, you may be able to locate one by searching for the same item in another database. You are not need to provide the database’s name in your citation. It is unnecessary to specify a URL if there is no DOI available for the article and it was obtained from a database. The URL of the article should be as stable as possible, especially if it is not from a database but from another website (for example, the journal’s own website).
Alternatively, copy the URL from the address bar of your browser.
Citing unpublished journal articles
When referencing from an article that has not yet been published in a formal journal, the format used differs depending on whether or not the piece has been submitted to the publication in question. It is important to note that distinct forms are utilized for unpublished dissertations and unpublished data.
“Unpublished manuscript” should be used to refer to the text of an article that has not yet been published online or in print (i.e., is only accessible from the author). In this case, the title is italicized, and if accessible, information about the author’s university is given as well:
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Article title.Department Name,University Name.|
|Reference entry||Smith, J. M.,Davis, H. (2019).Language acquisition among autistic children. Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame.|
|In-text citation||(SmithDavis, 2019)|
Article submitted for publication
A manuscript submitted for publishing refers to an article that has been submitted to a journal but has not yet been accepted for publication. The title has been italicized, and the name of the magazine to which it has been submitted has been left out of the text:
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Year).Article title.Department Name,University Name.|
|Reference entry||Smith, J. M.,Davis, H. (2019).Language acquisition among autistic children. Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame.|
|In-text citation||(SmithDavis, 2019)|
Article in press
“In press” refers to an article that has been submitted to a journal and has been accepted for publication in that journal. Rather than including university information, this example includes the name of the journal together with the phrase “in press” in place of the year (in the reference list and in the in-text citation): “in press”
|Format||Last name,Initials. (in press).Article title.Journal Name.|
|Reference entry||Smith, J. M.,Davis, H. (in press). Language acquisition among autistic children.Journal of Developmental Psychology.|
|In-text citation||(SmithDavis, in press)|
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Special issue of a journal
Whenever you wish to reference a special issue of a journal rather than a standard article, you should substitute the name(s) of the editor(s) and the title of the issue in lieu of the author’s name and article title, as shown below:
|Format||Last name,Initials. (Ed.orEds.). (Year).Title of issue.Journal Name,Volume(Issue).|
|Reference entry||Pollak, S. D., Camras, L. A.,Cole, P. M. (Eds.). (2019). New perspectives on the development of human emotion.Developmental Psychology,55 (9).|
|In-text citation||(Pollak et al., 2019)|
It is important to note that if you wish to mention a specific piece from the special issue, you may simply use the standard style for journal articles to do so.
Frequently asked questions about APA Style citations
When should I include a DOI or a URL in an APA journal citation and when should I avoid doing so? If a DOI (digital object identifier) is available for an article, it should always be included in the citation in an APA journal. If an article does not have a DOI and you obtained it from a database or in print, you may simply omit the DOI. If an article does not have a DOI and you accessed it from a website other than a database (for example, the journal’s own website), add a URL that points to the piece in your manuscript.
APA reference entries must include a DOI (Digital object identifier). If you’re following the 6th edition of the American Psychological Association’s style rules, the DOI is preceded by the label “doi:.” The DOI is preceded by the letter’in the 7th edition.
- Doi: 10.1177/0894439316660340 for the 6th edition
- 10.1177/0894439316660340 for the 7th edition
APA citation example (7th edition)
N. S. Hawi and M. Samaha are co-authors of this paper (2016). Researchers looked into the relationships between social media addiction, self-esteem, and overall life happiness among university students. Social Science Computer Review, volume 35, number 5, pages 576–586. You have the option of include up to 20 authors in your reference list entry. When an article has more than 20 authors, the names preceding the final listed author should be replaced with an ellipsis, but the final author should not be omitted:Davis, Y., Smith, J., Caulfield, F., Pullman, H., Carlisle, J., Donahue, S.
Check out other APA examples
|Citing personal communications in APA Style||Citing tables and figures from other sources in APA Style|
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|How to cite a TED Talk in APA Style||How to cite a TV show in APA Style|
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How do I cite an article that has not yet been published or an advanced version that was published online?
APA Style (American Psychological Association) (7th ed.) If you’re dealing with online resources, it’s better to work with the final, published edition (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 258), but you may find yourself working with an advance online version of the work. Cite the version you used; for example, if you utilized the advance online version, you should credit that effort. The same goes for pre-prints, which are “the final peer-reviewed manuscript as accepted for publication” and can be found “in a variety of places,” such as “a personal website, an employer’s server, an institutional repository, a reference manager, or an author social network,” according to the American Psychological Association in 2020 (APA).
- 318), unpublished manuscripts and manuscripts submitted for publication (p.
- 337), and unpublished raw data (p.
- 336) A.
- Department of the university, and the name of the university
- “If possible, provide the name of the department and the name of the institution where the work was created.” According to APA (APA, 2020, p. 336)
Submission of a manuscript for publication (see pp. 336-337) A. Author’s name is A. (year). The manuscript’s working title. Department of the university, and the name of the university
- No mention of the name of the journal to which the article was submitted should be made. It is appropriate to refer to the manuscript as a “in-press piece” once it has been approved for publication. The American Psychological Association (APA), 2020, page 337
- “A manuscript that has been submitted for publication is not available to the general public. ” Though the text is available on the internet, it should be treated as if it had been informally published.” 337)
- In-text citation: (Author, year, page X)
- APA style: (APA, 2020, page 337)
An paper in a journal is now being published (see p. 318) A. Author’s name is A. (in press). The title of the article. The title of the journal. Article in a journal with an advance online publication (See page 318 for further information.) Author A., Author B., Author C., Author D., Author E., Author F., Author G. (year). The title of the article. The title of the journal. Publication in advance on the internet. Work that has been unofficially released from a preprint archive or institutional repository (see p.
Author’s name is A.
The title of the article.
338) A. Author’s name is A. (year). The name of the university. A. Author’s name is A. (year). The title of the data collection.
Reference Affiliation of the American Psychological Association (2020). The American Psychological Association’s publication handbook is available online (7th ed.).
Library Guides: APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citation
Using a Scholarly Journal Article as an Example
- Using the last name first, then the initials
- Italicize the title of the journal and the volume number
- All words, with the exception of proper nouns, should be written in lower case, with the exception of the initial letter of the article title and subtitle. Page numbers for the first and last pages of the article
- Only if the journal is paginated per issue is it required to include the issue number, season, or month.
Authorship is restricted to a single individual.
Kakhnovets, R. (2011). Relationships among personality, expectations about counseling, and help-seeking attitudes.Journal of CounselingDevelopment, 89, 11-19.
In-text citation: (Kakhnovets, 2011) There are two authors.
- List in the order in which they appear on the title page
- Authors should be separated by commas. Use an ampersand before the last author’s name.
In-text citation: (LoganJohnstone, 2010) Citation of Two or More Authors in the Body of the Text
|Number of Authors/Editors||First Time Paraphrased||Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased||First Time Quoting||Second and Subsequent Times Quoting|
|Two||(CaseDaristotle, 2021)||(CaseDaristotle, 2021)||(CaseDaristotle, 2021, p. 57)||(CaseDaristotle, 2021, p. 57)|
|Three or more||(Case et al.,2021)||(Case et al., 2021)||(Case et al., 2021, p. 57)||(Case et al., 2021, p. 57)|
Authors who have twenty-one or more works published: List the names of the first nineteen writers, followed by three spaced ellipse points (.), and then the name of the last author.
|Example||Nilsson, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Sha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropepelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A.,. Joesph, D. (2021). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project.Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437-471.|
|In-Text Paraphrase||(First author’s last name et al., Year)Example: (Nilsson et al., 2021)|
|In-Text Quote||(First author’s last name et al., Year, p. Page number quote is from)Example: (Nilsson et al., 2021, p. 103)|
There is no author. When referencing an article in-text, utilize the first few words of the title of the article. Put them in quote marks to make them stand out. In the reference list, arrange the citations according to their titles in alphabetical order.
(“Deflecting immigration,” 2006)
The journal is paginated by issue rather than by volume.
Tell, D. (2004). Burke’s encounter with ransom: Rhetoric and epistemology in “Four Master Tropes.”Rhetoric Society Quarterly34 (4), 33-54.
In-text citation: (Tell, 2004)
LibGuides: Citation Resources: APA 7th Ed: In-Text Citations
The author-date citation method is used with parentheses in the APA 7 Style. After a quotation, provide parenthesis with the author’s name, the year of publication, and the page number(s) on which the quotation occurs. If a quotation is on a single page, precede the page number with the letter “p.”. Instead of “pp.”, “pp.” should be used for quotations that begin on one page and conclude on another. “Sometimes I have the distinct impression that there is a JERTAIN in the CURTAIN,” says one page (Seuss, 1974, p.
- “The swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog,” according to a quote on page two: (Seuss, 2007, pp.
- Using the letters a, b, and so on after the year indicates that you are using more than one work by the same author.
- A swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog, and the story goes on from there (D.
When you utilize the author’s last name in the narrative of your work, do not include the author’s first and last names in the parenthesis. Dr. Seuss made the observation that “the swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound” in his scientific investigation (2007, pp. 7-8). “The swift brown fox hopped over the slow hound,” as Dr. Seuss put it in his book “The Lorax” in 2007. (pp. 7-8).
Citations with Missing Elements
When an author’s name is not accessible, the first few words of the reference list entry should be used instead (usually the title). Make use of quote marks around the names of articles or web pages, as well as italicizing the titles of books, journals, and other publications. A swift brown fox hopped over the lethargic dog, and the story goes on from there (Fox in Socks, 2007). When there are no page numbers available, paragraph numbers or other subsection identifiers should be used instead of page numbers.
5). “The swift brown fox hopped over the slow dog,” according to more than one paragraph (Seuss, 2007, paras. 5-6). “The swift brown fox hopped over the slow dog,” according to the presentation slide (Seuss, 2007, Slide 7).
Paraphrasing is the process of putting another person’s thoughts into your own words, which allows you to efficiently summarize and synthesize knowledge (p. 269). When paraphrasing concepts, you have the option of using either narrative or parenthetical citations. Using previously existing classroom literature education, stories may be utilized to teach social skills to kids. Emphasis should be placed on lessons that assist students analyze events and sympathize with characters (WolfBaker, 2012).
Seuss’ books to teach social skills to their pupils, based on a case study from one classroom teacher (p.
Keep in mind that if the source material is lengthy or difficult to understand, page numbers should be included to assist the reader in locating the text that is being paraphrased or referred to in your paper.
LibGuides: MLA Citation Resources: Common Web Resources (basic web sites, journal articles, government reports, tv programs, TED Talks, movies & Art/Photos)
To get to a certain section, use one of the links below: Web Resources for the Absolute Beginner (Single Container) Ebooks and journals available on the internetReports and publications from corporate writers, government publications, and non-governmental organizations are all available on the internet. Photos, art (some of which was not initially uploaded on the web), television, TED Talks, and film are all available. In MLA style, the following is general information about web sites:
Incorporate as many of the nine Core Elements as are available and appropriate within the citation as possible. For further information, see the Sample Citations section below.
*Note that MLA requires URLs for web resources. Be sure to remove theorfrom your URL. The date of access is optional. Ask your instructor for guidance.*
Avoid using abbreviated URLs from third-party services (bit.ly, tinyurl, and so on) in your citations since they are not necessarily reliable and secure. Always utilize the complete URL instead than only the shortened version. Basic web sources (with a single container) should be cited in the following format: Last name and first name of the author. “Title of a certain online page or piece of writing.” The whole web site’s title is (Container). (Only required if the title of the Web site or author is different from that of the publisher/sponsor of the site.) Necessary for online newspapers or magazines but not required for print newspapers or magazines Date of publication and location (URL).
- “Builder,” according to the Library of Congress on August 2, 1999.
- “Microsoft is giving Minecraft to schools for free – Here’s Why.” Microsoft is giving Minecraft to schools for free.
- “Hopes for a restaurant revival are dashed by the recession.” Recession shatters restaurant hopes, according to The Atlantic (14 September 2009), health/archive/2009/09/recession-dashes-restaurant-hopes/246.
- As a starting point, refer to the detailed examples mentioned below.
“Title of a certain online page or piece of writing.” Publisher(if applicable), Publication date, Location(pages) (if applicable),Title of website/database(Container2),Othercontributors, Version(if applicable),Number(if applicable),Othercontributors, Othercontributors, Othercontributors (if applicable) Date of publication (if relevant), and location (URL or DOI).
- This URL, in contrast to many others, is stable and is intended to serve as a permanent connection to the document.
- When utilizing URLs, if feasible, use a permalink or a URL that can be shared with others.
- Ebooks available on the internet: Last name and first name of the author The title of the book.
- Title of website/database/online container (Container2),Other contributors to the online container (if applicable),Location of website/database/online container (Container2) (URL or DOI).
- He is best known for his novel The Great Gatsby.
- Pages 29-79 of Leaves of Grass, published in 1891-92.
- Price compiled a Walt Whitman Archive that includes works by Carroll, Lewis and others.
Journal Articles on the Internet: Last name and first name of the author.
Number of issues, date of publication, and location (Pagenumbers), The name of the website/database/online container (Container 2), as well as its location (use DOI if available,otherwise use URL).
Papachristos and colleagues “Does more coffee lead to less crime?” “The Relationship between Gentrification and Neighborhood Crime Rates in Chicago, 1991 to 2005,” according to the study.
Wiley Online Library, 2011.
Web pages for government, corporate, and non-profit organizations should follow the basic website format outlined above): Individual Authors Have Been Identified (s) Last name and first name of the author The title of the source/report, the publisher, the publication date, and the location (URL or DOI).
- Proctor co-authored this article.
- Census Bureau of the United States, September 2015, p60-252.pdf When the corporate author is also the publisher, the author might be classified as either government or non-government.
- The title of the source/report, the publisher, the publication date, and the location (URL or DOI).
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014, http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/syr/ (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).
- The following are examples of government/non-governmental organization/corporate authorship when the publisher is *not* the same as the corporate authorship: The author should be listed if the corporate author and the publisher are not the same person, or if there is a co-author (s).
- The title of the source/report, the publisher, the publication date, and the location (URL or DOI).
- The Transition from Exclusion to Equality: Achieving the Rights of Persons with Disabilities United Nations, 2007.
United Nations, 2007.
What the Virunga National Park is worth in terms of economic value.
(This is appropriate for museum and library collections if the original item is not available online.) Last name and first name of the artist The title of the piece of work.
The container in which it is held (the container), and the location of the collection (if avail.).
Remembrance of a Garden.1914.Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf.Artchive, www.artchive.com/artchive/K/klee/garden.jpg.html.Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf.Artchive, www.artchive.com/artchive/K/klee/garden.jpg.html.
Television/video program on Hulu, YouTube, and other video platforms: “Title of Episode/Show” is a phrase that means “title of the episode/show.” Other contributors include the title of the program/series (container), as well as the other contributors (performers, directors,creators, ifimportant to the context of your project), a season or an episode (if avail.), Publisher and producer of the program, Date of publication or posting Other contributors include the title of the bigger container [Hulu, YouTube, website, etc.], as well as the names of the other contributors (ifavail.), Location(URL).
- Access was granted on a specific date (optional; useful if media may not bepermanently available).
- “Dark Side of the Moone.”Moone Boy (made by Chris O’Dowd), season 1, episode 4, Hulu Original Series, 14 September 2012, Hulu, www.hulu.com/watch/469240 Accessed on the 20th of June, 2016.
- Originally published on YouTube.
- Speaker’s Last Name, First Name (as listed on the TED website): TED Talk “The title of the presentation.
- Dan Pacholke is the author of this work.
- http://www.ted.com/talks/dan pacholke how prisons can help inmates live meaningful lives/ (accessed March 2014).
For example, a comprehensive citation entry for a film might be beneficial to a paper on character development.
The film’s official title.
Hitman Hart is a wrestler who competes in the shadows.
accessed on the 17th of June, 2016.
The film is directed by Jonathan Liebesman and is available on Hulu at hulu.com/watch/850384.
Accessed on the 21st of June, 2016. See the Social Media/User Generated Sources MLA Citation Handbook for information on referencing video generated expressly for Video Sharing Websites (such as Vimeo, DailyMotion, YouTube, and others).
In-Text Citations: An Overview
In-text citations are brief, unobtrusive references that direct readers to the works-cited-list entries for the sources you consulted as well as, where applicable, to the location in the source being cited. In-text citations are used to direct readers to the works-cited-list entries for the sources you consulted. When you use an in-text citation, you begin with the shortest piece of information that directs your reader to the corresponding entry in the works-cited list. As a result, it begins with whichever of the following appears first in the entry: the author’s name or the title (or description) of the piece of writing.
Citation in prose
Naomi Baron was the first person to break fresh ground on the issue.
At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Baron).
Naomi S. Baron’s “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media” is available online. Pages 193–200 of PMLA’s 128, no. 1 (January 2013) are available online.
Citation in prose
Female bhakti poets, according to the article “Bhakti Poets,” “experienced insurmountable problems as a result of their rejection of traditional norms and ideals.”
According to the author, the female bhakti poets “were confronted with insurmountable problems as a result of their rejection of society norms and values” (Bhakti Poets).
“Introduction to the Bhakti Poets.” Women in World History, Center for History and New Media, chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson1/lesson1.php?s=0; Women in World History, Center for History and New Media, chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson1/lesson1.php?s=0 . Accessed on the 20th of September, 2020. Whenever it is appropriate, an in-text citation must include a second component: when someone quotes or paraphrases a specific part of a work and the work includes a page number, line number, time stamp, or other method of directing readers to a specific point in the work where the information can be found, the location marker must be included in parentheses.
“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (194). One could even argue that reading is never complete until it is accompanied by writing. “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (3). It is also acceptable to include the author or title in parentheses next to the page number or other location marker.
“Reading is only half of literacy,” says the author. “The other half of the team is writing” (Baron 194). One could even argue that reading is never complete until it is accompanied by writing.
The number of people who conduct creative writing, regardless of genre (and not just literary works), climbed dramatically between 1982 and 2002 despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period, according to the study (Reading3).
Naomi S. Baron’s “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media” is available online. Pages 193–200 of PMLA’s 128, no. 1 (January 2013) are available online. Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America is a survey of literary reading in the United States. The National Endowment for the Arts published this article in June 2004. All in-text citations should be brief and to the point. Avoid, for example, using the author’s name or the title of a work in both your text and your parentheses while writing a paper.
“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (Baron 194). “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (Reading3).
“Reading is only half of literacy,” according to Naomi Baron. “The other half of the team is writing” (194). “The number of individuals performing creative writing—of any type, not only literary works—increased dramatically between 1982 and 2002,” according to the report Reading at Risk, despite an apparent fall in reading during the same period (3). Only the component of an author’s name—typically his or her surname—that is essential to locate that item in a list of works referenced should be used in parenthetical citations (for more information on surnames, see sections 2.73–2.81 in The Modern Language Association’s ninth edition of the MLA Handbook).
At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Naomi S. Baron).
At least one researcher has made significant advancements in the field (Baron). In parenthetical citations, use abbreviated titles to save space. To learn how to reduce titles in parenthetical citations, refer to sections 6.10–6.14 of the MLA Handbook, ninth edition, for more information. In order to save space, do not include the prefix p.orpp. before a page number in a parenthetical reference, as you would in a list of works cited (where such abbreviations lend clarity). You should precede any number other than a page number in a parenthetical citation with a label such aschapterorsection (often abbreviated in parentheses) orlineorlines (often abbreviated in parentheses) (do not abbreviate).
What Are In-Text Citations?
When a reference is made within the body of text of an academic essay, it is known as an in-text citation. The in-text reference directs the reader’s attention to a source that has influenced your own work and vice versa. The specific syntax of an in-text citation will vary depending on the style you are writing in, for example, APA or Chicago.
Examine the in-text citations with your academic institution to confirm that you offer them in the manner that they require, and then use Cite This For Me’s citation generator to generate them for you instantly.
How to write an in-text citation
When citing a quotation or paraphrase, it is often sufficient to mention simply the author’s last name, date of publication, and page number from which the quotation or paraphrase was taken, with the entire reference appearing in your bibliography (or works cited) page at the conclusion of your essay. Because it is so obvious to the reader, the in-text citation should be placed in brackets immediately after the passage you have quoted or paraphrased, so that the reader may easily recognize it.
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APA Format In-Text Citations
APA style allows in-text citations to be used after a direct quotation or after paraphrased information. In the case of direct quotations, the in-text citation should be given shortly after. It is customary to include the author’s surname as well as the year of publication and the relevant page number or numbers in the in-text citation of a book. If you are citing a book, the in-text citation will typically include the author’s surname as well as the relevant page number or numbers, enclosed by parentheses.
- For example, Gandalf remarked, “All we have to determine is what we will accomplish with the time that has been granted to us” (Tolkien, 1954, p.
- If you make a direct reference to the author inside the text, you are not required to mention the author’s name in the in-text citation.
- Tolkien says, “All we have to determine is what to do with the time that is given us,” in the first book of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, The Fellowship of the Ring, in which the character Frodo Baggins is introduced.
- If you’re citing content that has been paraphrased, a page number is not usually required.
- Examples include the conflict between good and evil that runs through The Lord of the Rings and other films (Tolkien, 1954).
MLA and Chicago Formatting
In order to keep you on your toes, the different formats use varied requirements for in-text citations to keep things interesting. When using MLA format in-text citations, for example, the author’s last name or the first item contained in the entire citation if the author’s name is not included is commonly used instead of the publication date to avoid confusion. For example, let’s take the identical in-text citation example from earlier and convert it to MLA style for simplicity. “All we have to determine is what we will do with the time that has been granted to us,” Gandalf explained (Tolkien 20).
A source’s identification information that is contained in the paragraph is unnecessary in the parenthetical citation.
The parenthetical reference would not be necessary in this scenario, either the source did not offer page numbers or because it was not important to add the page number.
Alternatively, some writers who adhere to the Chicago style opt to employ a notes and bibliography system, which eliminates the need for in-text citations entirely and instead relies on numbered footnotes or endnotes to provide additional information.
You may discover helpful citation instructions for the APA, MLA, and Chicago styles on the Cite This For Me website, which can assist you in learning how to make in-text citations.
Do’s and Don’ts of In-text Citations
Make an effort to maintain consistency. One of the most crucial components of citation creation is to ensure that you select a citation style and adhere to it throughout the entirety of your document. Before you begin writing your paper, double-check the criteria for in-text citations in your chosen style, whether you’re using APA format or a different style. From the beginning to the conclusion, follow those regulations. DON’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING. In situations where you are including material from another source, it might be all too simple to think to yourself, “the reader will know where this originated from.” Citations should not be treated in this manner since failing to provide in-text references might result in you being accused of plagiarism and obtaining a negative score on your paper.
- Make your in-text citations as soon as possible.
- Last-minute paper tension might result from delaying your paper till the last minute.
- DON’T OVERUSE THIS FORMULA.
- It is sufficient to include a single in-text citation at the beginning or conclusion of a paragraph or group of sentences that incorporates material from a single source throughout the paragraph or group of statements.
- It is usually a good idea to double-check your in-text citations after you have finished writing your paper and before submitting it to your teacher for review.
- Make one last pass through your in-text citations before submitting your paper for grading to ensure that they are accurate.
- If you are unclear of how to begin creating your in-text citations for your paper, it is always a good idea to consult with your instructor for guidance.
- It is probable that the assignment instructions they offer will provide specifics on how to format citations in the manner in which they anticipate them to be formatted.
Cite This For Me is a tool that allows you to create a bibliography as well as format in-text citations. You will find hundreds of styles on the site, as well as a Harvard referencing generator and many different source kinds, when you visit it.
How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA With Examples
With the help of clear, simple examples, you will learn how to reference a newspaper item in MLA. Making a reference to a newspaper item or two in your school paper helps you to incorporate current and relevant opinions into your study. The most recent edition of the MLA Handbook, the Eighth Edition, introduced a container system to assist students in determining how to appropriately reference sources, such as a newspaper story. Furthermore, you’ll learn how to properly cite newspaper articles in-text, in addition to looking at MLA works cited citation examples.
How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA
In order to properly reference a newspaper item, you must first realize that MLA 8 employs nine essential parts that are organized into a container structure. This provides for greater freedom when producing citations, as well as directing your readers to the most relevant area of your citation source when they are done. When writing reference sources for print newspaper stories, use the standard MLA periodical style as a starting point. Last name of the author, first name of the author “Title of Newspaper Article” is the title of the article.
How to Cite a Newspaper Article MLA In-Text
You should use the author-page technique to cite print sources within your body of writing. In-Text Citation in MLA Format for Newspaper Articles (Author’s Last Name Page) Format for Newspaper Articles
How to Cite a Print Newspaper Article in MLA
When citing print sources in-text, the author-page technique should be utilized. Citation in-text in MLA format for newspaper articles (author’s last name page) Format for Newspaper Articles
Editorial and Letters to Editor
Including the editorial or letter to the editor after the article’s title is appropriate when quoting editorials and letters to editors. Example of a Letter to the Editor Jim Hayes is the author of this work. The News Review published a letter on July 19, 2019, page B3 of the newspaper.
Page Numbers in Articles
Articles in newspapers frequently begin on one page and continue on the following pages. In this scenario, you do not need to provide a page range in your reference list. In order to indicate extra pages, use the + sign: Examples of Articles with Page Numbers Satin Tribute, October 2017, p. B3+. Paterniti, Michael. “Trophy Hunting Debate.” Satin Tribute, October 2017, p. B3+. Please keep in mind that there should be no gap between the page number and the plus sign.
Newspaper Web Article Citation Format
In order to create a newspaper citation for an online piece, you must change the syntax of your citation by include the URL. Newspaper stories from trustworthy sources, such as the Washington Post, may frequently be found online. They allow you to access two or three articles every month at no cost to you. Examples of Newspaper and Web Articles Works Cited in MLA Format Bruce Finley is the author of this work. “A CU study warns of a water scarcity.” The Denver Post published an article on July 21, 2009, titled “CU Study Warns of Water Scarcity.” Brian Cosner is a writer who lives in the United States.
The News-Review published an article on November 22nd at news-ridgecrest.com/news/story.pl?id=0000010757.
Note: If you’re quoting an item from a small-town newspaper, be sure to mention the city in square brackets after the article’s title. MLA – In-Text Citation for a Newspaper Web Article In the case of an online newspaper, the author’s last name should be included in the in-text reference.
How to Cite a Newspaper on a Database MLA
In addition to print and internet sources, you may use a database to find newspaper stories to cite. Your school or library may have access to databases that contain back issues of the magazine. You must provide the database information at the conclusion of a citation if you are citing newspapers found in a database. Example of a Newspaper Database Article in MLA Format – Works Cited Jim Garner is the author of this work. “I have a fear of heights.” The Denver Post published an article on July 22, 2009, on page 7B.
Newspaper MLA Citation Format With No Author
The title should be the first element in your MLA citation when you come across a newspaper item that does not have an author identified on it. In-text citations should be made using a condensed form of the title. Examples of Works without an Author “More rains are expected next week, with the possibility of snow.” The News-Review published an article on November 22nd at news-ridgecrest.com/news/story.pl?id=0000010756. There is no author in this example — In-Text(“More Rains”) Notes:
- Months should be abbreviated
- If the article is not dated, the access date should be included. If there is more than one edition of a newspaper published each day, identify the edition following the newspaper title. Always pay attention to what your teacher is telling you
Primary and Secondary Sources
Depending on the topic, magazine and newspaper articles can serve as main or secondary sources of information. It is recommended that you use secondary sources sparingly in your MLA school paper. The following are examples of primary sources that were published in a newspaper:
- Articles describing incidents that the author observed
- Unedited speeches
- Unedited interviews
- Video or audio
- And other materials.
The following are examples of secondary sources:
- Opinion articles
- Discussion of an event that the author did not attend
- And so on. a review of the research
The majority of professors prefer that you utilize primary materials, such as original research, unedited interviews, maps, and photos, rather than secondary ones. Furthermore, resources such as JSTOR are accessible through your school or library. In addition, you might locate websites that allow free access to public domain sources of information.
Strengthen Your MLA Citations
Finding newspaper articles for your MLA humanities paper is a great approach to keep your topic up to date while also adding current facts. Because newspapers are periodicals, they are issued on a regular basis, generally once a day or once a week. Newspaper articles can be classified as either main or secondary sources, depending on their subject matter. When conducting research, it is preferable to use peer-reviewed journal articles and published books as reputable sources; but, employing an MLA newspaper article citation might help to boost your work on occasion as well.
Stay away from articles in the tabloids.
Articles that are related:
FAQ How to Cite a Newspaper Article in MLA With Examples
In order to reference a newspaper article in MLA format, you must include the author’s name, title, publisher, date, and page number of the piece.
Using the above format, you can create an MLA reference for a newspaper article:Daren, Roger. “A Sign Of The Times.” Page C12 of a fictional newspaper published on August 10, 2020.
How do I cite an article in MLA?
Following the citation structure for a magazine, you must cite an article in MLA format. This means that an article citation comprises the author’s name, the title of the article, the publisher of the article, the date of publication, and the page number of the article in question. Melisa Rice’s “Understanding the Stars” was published in the News Review on August 20, 2020, page 16. Here is an example of a citation for an MLA article:
How do you cite a newspaper article in text citation?
You add the author’s last name and page number in the body of a newspaper article when creating an in-text citation for it (Rice 16). If, on the other hand, the piece is only available online or on a single page, you should mention the author’s last name (Rice).
How do I cite an online article?
For an online article to be properly cited using the MLA style, you must mention the URL in addition to the author’s name, the title of the article, the publisher’s name, and the date of the piece. The following is an example of an internet article citation for a newspaper:Baner, Bruce “Becoming Like Hulk.” On the 21st of July, Weekly News published an article titled “How to Become the Hulk.”
How do you reference an article?
You mention an article in your MLA paper by including a citation for any material from the article that you utilized in the text of your paper. In addition, you’ll include a citation on your works cited page that includes the author, title, publisher, and date of publication information.
Subject guides: Citing and referencing: In-text citations
It is necessary to put the in-text citation directly after the text that relates to the source that is being cited. According to one source, “the darkest days were still to come.” Round brackets are used to indicate this. According to one source, “the worst days were still ahead.” (1) Using square brackets: “the worst days were still ahead.” The following is written in superscript: “The worst days were yet ahead,” as one author put it. 1 It is also possible to incorporate the author’s name within the text.
Page numbers should be included with in-text citations: It is not uncommon for page numbers to be omitted from the citation number.
More than one reference should be cited at a time: The preferable way is to list each reference number one after another, separated by a comma or a dash if the numbers are in a sequence of consecutive integers.