- To cite a website in APA, place the in-text citation in parentheses after the phrase you are quoting. In the parentheses should be the author’s last name and the year the work was published, separated by a comma. Since your citation will come at the end of your sentence, make sure to end with a period outside the parentheses.
- 1 How do you cite in APA a website with no author?
- 2 How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition?
- 3 How do I cite a company’s website in APA?
- 4 How do u cite a website?
- 5 How do you cite a website in APA with no date?
- 6 How do you cite a website in text citation?
- 7 How do I cite in APA format?
- 8 Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
- 9 In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
- 10 APA Citation Basics
- 11 LibGuides: APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Websites
- 12 How do you reference a web page that lists no author? (6th edition)
- 13 Research Guides: APA Citation Style, 7th edition: Web Page with No Author
- 14 Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author
- 15 How To Reference a Website With No Author Name Listed – APA 7th Edition
- 16 Citing a Website With No AuthorNo Date – APA
- 17 How to Cite a Website With an Anonymous Author – APA
- 18 How to In-Text Cite a Website With No Author – APA
- 19 APA Citations for Online Articles With Organization Author
- 20 Tips for Evaluating Online Articles
- 21 No Author, No Problem
- 22 FAQ Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author
- 23 LibGuides: APA Style (7th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites
- 24 Citing websites & online media: APA (7th ed.) citation guide
- 25 Facebook, Tumblr, LinkedIn,Reddit
- 26 TwitterInstagram
- 27 A document or report found on a website
- 28 Quoting or paraphrasing part of a website
- 29 Webpage on a news website
- 30 Whole site, not a single document or web page
- 31 LibGuides: APA Style & Citation 7th edition: Citations: In-Text
- 32 LibGuides: Citing Online Business Resources using APA Style (7th Edition): APA In-text Citation Examples
- 33 CSSLibraryGuides: Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: In-text Citations
How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition no author? When you have a website in APA 7 with no author, you use the title, date, publisher, and URL. There is no period after the URL in the citation. Additionally, a website title is in italics.
How do you cite a website in APA 7th edition?
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of online content: Subtitle. Website Name. URL.
How do I cite a company’s website in APA?
To add the reference you need to follow this format: Company Name. “Title of Section.” Title of Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, Date of publication or last modified date, URL (Website Address). Accessed access date.
How do u cite a website?
Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known.
How do you cite a website in APA with no date?
In General: When the webpage you are citing does not indicate a date, use “n.d.” instead of the year in both the in-text citations and reference entries.
How do you cite a website in text citation?
Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use n.d. (for no date) in place of the year: (Smith, n.d.).
How do I cite in APA format?
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Library Guides: APA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
Rather than appearing at the conclusion of long clauses or phrases, in-text references should occur immediately after the title, word, or phrase to which they are closely related. References inside the text should always come before punctuation marks. The following are some examples of in-text citations. The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (GassVaronis, 1984).
Authors that belong to a group include: The first citation is as follows: (American Psychological Association, 2015) Following that, a citation is made: (APA, 2015) Several pieces of work: (separate each work with semi-colons) According to research, listening to a specific dialect increases comprehension of accented speech in general, not only in that accent (GassVaronis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).
The following is a verbatim quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (GassVaronis, 1984, p.
According to Gass and Varonis (1984), “the listener’s prior knowledge of the topic of discourse substantially assists the comprehension of the entire message” (p.
Note: For direct quotes of more than 40 words, the quote should be displayed as an indented block of text without quotation marks, with the names of the authors, the year of publication, and the page number of the source in parentheses at the end.
That is, prior exposure to nonnative speech, such as that received by listening to the reading, makes it easier to comprehend what is being read.
77) defines a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal
In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
Note:This page contains the most recent edition of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual (APA 7), which was issued in October 2019. You may find the similar material for the older APA 6 style in this section. The Publication Manual’s pages 261-268 provide guidance on how to use reference citations in text. Some general principles for citing other people’s work in your essay are provided below for your convenience. It is recommended on pages 117-118 of the Publication Manual that writers of research articles use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal words that appear in the literature review and technique descriptions (for example, Jones (1998) discovered or Jones (1998) has discovered.) Jones (1998) discovers that the simple present tense may be used in contexts other than those associated with typically organized research writing.
APA Citation Basics
When writing in APA format, the author-date technique of in-text citation should be used. This implies that the last name of the author, as well as the year of publication for the source, should be included in the text, such as, for example (Jones, 1998). The reference list at the conclusion of the document should contain one complete reference for each source cited throughout the study. If you are referring to an idea from another work but are not directly quoting the material, or if you are making reference to an entire book, article, or other work, you only need to include the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and do not need to include the page number in your reference.
- Before providing the page number, use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) to indicate that it is the first page (s).
- If you want to write (Jones, 1998, p.
- 199–201), for example, you might write This information is restated in the next section.
- Capitalization, quotations, and italics/underlining are all acceptable in-text citations.
- The author-date technique of in-text citation should be used when writing in APA format. This implies that the last name of the author, as well as the year of publication for the source, should be included in the text, like in the example below (Jones, 1998). At the conclusion of your paper, you should include a reference list with one complete citation for each source you used. For in-text citations, you only need to include the author and year of publication of the work in question, not the page number if you are referring to an idea from another work but are not directly citing the content, or if you are referencing a complete book, article, or other work. The page number should be included at the conclusion of the parenthetical reference in the case of direct quotation or borrowing from another source, on the other hand. Immediately before specifying the page number, prefix it with the abbreviation “p.” (for a single page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) (s). For page ranges, use an en dash (-). Consider the following examples: Jones, 1998, p. 199
- Jones, 1998, pp. 199–201
- And Jones, 1998, p. 199–201. In the next section, this knowledge is reaffirmed. All sources that are cited in the text must be included in the reference list at the conclusion of the work, regardless of how they are referred in the text. Capitalization, quotations, and italics/underlining should be used in in-text citations wherever possible.
(Please keep in mind that just the first word of a title will be capitalized in your References list: Writing new media.)
- Titles that contain a hyphenated compound word should be capitalized on both words: Cyborgs that were born naturally
- After a dash or a colon, capitalize the first word that follows: Hitchcock’s Vertigo serves as a case study in “Defining Film Rhetoric.” For works whose titles are italics in your reference list, italicize them in the text as well, and use title case capitalization in the text: Friends
- The Wizard of Oz
- The Closing of the American Mind
- The Closing of the American Mind If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even if the reference list is written in sentence case): “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
- ” “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds
- ” “The One in which Chandler is unable to cry.”
It is necessary to mention the author, publication year, and page number for a reference when directly quoting from a book (preceded by “p.” for a single page and “pp.” for a span of several pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash). Using a signal phrase that comprises the author’s last name, followed by the date of publication in parenthesis, you can introduce the quotation. Jones (1998) states that “students frequently had problems utilizing APA style, particularly when it was their first time” (p.
Jones (1998) discovered that “students frequently had trouble employing APA style” (p.
Wherever possible, omitting the author’s last name but including his or her year of publication and page number in the text of the sentence will be accepted as proper citation practice.
Direct quotations that are 40 words or more should be included in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, with quotation marks omitted if possible. Starting on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, or at the same spot as you would begin a new paragraph, insert the quotation at the beginning of the paragraph. Create a new margin and indent any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by separating them by 1/2 inch from the new margin. Type the full quotation on the new margin and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraphs within the quotation by 1/2 inch from the new margin.
The parenthetical citation should appear after the period at the end of the paragraph.
Given the difficulty of replicating block quote style in the OWL’s content management system, we have just supplied a snapshot of a generic example of block quotation formatting in this section. An example of how to format block quotes in the APA 7 style.
Quotations from sources without pages
It is not necessary to include a page number in direct quotations from sources that do not contain any pages. As an alternative, you may refer to another piece of logical identification, such as a paragraph, a chapter number, a section number, a table number, or something else entirely. Older works (such as religious writings) may additionally include particular location identifiers, such as verse numbers, to help readers find their way around. For the most part, choose a page number replacement that makes sense for your original material.
Summary or paraphrase
The author and year of publication are all that are required in your in-text reference if you are paraphrasing a concept from another book. The page numbers are not required in this case. According to APA rules, however, giving a page range for a summary or paraphrase where it will assist the reader in finding the material in a lengthier work is strongly encouraged. As Jones (1998) points out, the APA style is a tough citation format to master for first-time learners. For first-time learners, APA style is a tough citation system to master (Jones, 1998, p.
LibGuides: APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Websites
Website AuthorIt might be difficult to determine who the creator of a website is in some cases. It’s important to remember that an author might be a business or a group, rather than an unique individual. Sometimes, author information may be found in the “About” section of a website’s navigation bar. Alternatively, if there isn’t a recognized author, you might start with the title of the website instead of the author. However, the American Psychological Association (APA) tends to reserve this sort of reference for a very restricted collection of sources: for example, the Bible and some dictionaries and encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia (although this is changing) (which should not form a central part of your research).
- Otherwise, seek for a copyright or a date of publication that was first published.
- On many websites, the most up-to-date information is found near the bottom of the pages.
- Consider the following scenario: you have a year but no month or day.
- TitleTitles of websites should be in plain text, however italics should be used for webpages, articles, and other similar content.
- Unfortunately, establishing which scenarios need the use of this date might be difficult to determine.
- However, if you are using a web page that is constantly being updated, including a retrieval date can assist in identifying discrepancies between the time you viewed the page and the time your reader viewed it.
URLs that are too long If a URL is too long to fit on a single line, consider breaking it up with a slash (/) at the beginning of the line.
Whenever a web page does not have an author associated with it, the title of the page takes over the first place in the reference entry. For example, all 33 Chilean miners were liberated in a perfect rescue operation. Wednesday, October 13th, 2010. Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (typically the title) as well as the year the information was obtained. Double quote marks should be used around the title or shortened title (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010). Note: If the title of the web page is too short for the parenthetical citation, use the full title instead.
Reports discovered on the internet would be italicized in the reference list, as in Publication Manual (6th ed.)Examples 31, 32, and 33 on pp.
In addition, they would be italicized in the in-text citation, much like a book would be.
- What is the APA Style for Citing Something You Found on the Internet? When You Don’t Have All of the Information: How to Write an APA Style Reference Even When You Don’t Have All of the Information A generic reference includes the following information: who
- And why.
The most recent update was made in July 2020. May 2009 was the date of creation.
Research Guides: APA Citation Style, 7th edition: Web Page with No Author
Suggestions that are beneficial
- When mentioning sources that you obtain on the Internet, you only need to specify the date that the material was last accessed if the information you examined is likely to change over time. If you are referencing an item from a news source (e.g., CNN, NBC, Washington Post) or a website that may be updated on a regular basis, you must indicate the date the piece was retrieved. The following features have been added to the 7th edition: Except in cases when the site’s name is the same as the corporate author, you must mention the site name in your reference. For example, a citation to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study would not include the site name.
The only time a retrieval date is required when mentioning sources that you obtain on the Internet is when the material you found there is likely to change over time. It is necessary to provide a retrieval date when referencing a story from a news source (e.g., CNN, NBC, or the Washington Post) or a website that may be updated on a regular basis. This version includes the following new features: Unless the site name is the same as the corporate author’s, you must mention the site name in your reference.
Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author
The only time a retrieval date is required when citing sources that you locate on the Internet is when the material you reviewed is likely to change over time. If you are citing an item from a news source (e.g., CNN, NBC, Washington Post) or a website that may be updated on a regular basis, you must indicate the date the piece was retrieved. The following items have been added to the 7th edition: Unless the site name is the same as the corporate author, you must mention the site name in your reference.
How To Reference a Website With No Author Name Listed – APA 7th Edition
Online citations in APA style consist of four distinct elements: the author, the date, the title, the publisher, and the URL. Pieces are frequently published as staff articles or without the author’s identity being included in local newspapers, particularly in smaller publications. If you do not know the author’s name or the publication date of an article, you may still include a citation for a webpage in your APA 7 style reference list by using the article’s title. APA Format for a News Website That Doesn’t Have an Author The article’s title is a pun.
- URL omitting the period after the URL Example of an APA News Website without an author – Reference List A benefit concert earns thousands of dollars for earthquake victims.
- The News Review is a publication that reviews the news of the day.
- (10th of September, 2020).
- Example of an APA Journal Website without an author – Reference List Language learning using the one-of-a-kind language that is now in use.
- (20th of August, 2020).
It is important to note that the title is written in the same way as it would be if the author were not present. Therefore, it includes or does not include italics depending on the situation. Articles in online newspapers that are also available in print follow the format of a magazine.
Citing a Website With No AuthorNo Date – APA
Author, date, title, publisher, and URL are the four separate components of an online citation in APA style. Pieces are frequently published as staff articles or without the author’s identity being included in local newspapers, particularly in small towns. In the event that you do not have access to the author’s name or the publication date of an article, you may still include it in your APA 7 style reference list by citing it by its title. In the absence of an author, the APA format for a news website is used.
- Organization for the dissemination of information URL After the URL there is no period.
- Funds for earthquake victims are raised through a concert.
- Wildfires have forced more than 500,000 Oregonians to evacuate across the state.
- A sample reference list for an APA journal website that does not have an author.
- August 20th, 2019 is the 20th day of the year 2019.
- Those in the spotlight who have struggled with eating disorders (August 20th, 2020) Us Weekly is a weekly magazine published by the United States of America (U.S.A.).
- This is accomplished by including or omitting the use of italics as appropriate.
How to Cite a Website With an Anonymous Author – APA
Another scenario that you can meet in your APA research paper citations is that of a website with an anonymous authorship. Instead of stating the title as you would for a non-author, you list “anonymous” as the author of the piece. In the case of an anonymous author, the APA format should be used. Anonymous. (Date). Title.Publication. Reference List Example for a URLAPA Citation for a Website with an Anonymous Author Anonymous. (n.d.). Understanding the workings of the human brain. Psychology Today is a publication dedicated to the study of psychology.
How to In-Text Cite a Website With No Author – APA
When constructing an in-text reference in APA without including an author’s name, you should use the title of the work. If the title is lengthy, only the first few words should be included in the in-text citation. If the title is less than two words, use the complete title. Example of an APA in-text citation with no author (Concert Raises Thousands, 2019) Language Learning (2019) is a term used to describe the process of learning a language. An Example of an In-Text Citation for Anonymous (Anonymous, 2020) The italicized reference list entries should be capitalized inside the body of the text in accordance with APA style.
According to Section 8.14 of the APA handbook, quotations should be placed surrounding items that are not italicized, such as magazine articles. In addition, all in-text citations are written in title case.
APA Citations for Online Articles With Organization Author
Some websites have articles written by the organization itself as the author. In this situation, you’ll mention the author’s name as well as the name of the organization in your APA citations. Example of a Reference List for the Organization AuthorExperis (2019, August 1). 20 pointers for acing your job interview. Instead of the year, if there is no date available, n.d. can be used in place of the year. Experimentum (n.d.). 20 pointers for acing your job interview. Experis (2019) published In-Text Citation Examples for Organization Authors (Experis, n.d.)
Tips for Evaluating Online Articles
Whatever type of paper you’re writing, whether it’s a brief essay or a lengthy research paper, you can utilize web articles without author names as references. Just be sure to incorporate credible primary and secondary sources to back up your findings in your paper. The majority of your study should be focused on locating reliable sources.
- Investigating the author’s identity and professional background might be a good technique to determine their authority. When reading an article that outlines how to treat a medical issue, you would definitely want to know the qualifications of the author before acting on his or her recommendations. Despite the fact that you may come across articles with no author mentioned on trustworthy websites, it is preferable to establish the authority of your content by utilising references authored by well-established writers. If you come across a random piece that appears to have been “formula” made with no specified author or sources, skip over it and choose a more appropriate source for your APA style work.
No Author, No Problem
It’s not as difficult as you would believe to include a website citation in your reference list or in-text without including an author’s name or a URL. You must make certain that you adhere to APA citation guidelines and that you put the title first. When it comes to citations, the American Psychological Association (APA) has you covered. Additionally, if you want additional information on your APA reference page, please see theAPA reference page guide. Articles that are related:
FAQ Creating APA Citations for Websites With No Author
When referencing a website that does not have an author, the title of the piece is moved up to the first place in the citation in APA style. An example of a citation with no author is as follows: The article’s title is a pun. (Year, Month, and Day.) Website. URL (Uniform Resource Locator): http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q=url&q=http://www.google.com/search?q (no period after the URL)
The title, date, publisher, and URL are all used when creating a webpage in APA 7 that does not have an author. When referencing a URL, there is no period after the URL. Additionally, the title of a website is in italics.
How do I cite websites in APA format?
In order to properly reference a website in APA format, you must provide the author’s name, the date, the title of the piece, the name of the website, and the URL. In addition, you will not use a period after the URL and the article title on the website will be in italics. In this example, Betts, J. (n.d.) How to Cite a Website, Bibliography.com is used as the citation source:
When an article is written by an organization and published in APA style, the name of the organization is used in place of the author’s name. You must use the complete name of the organization and not any abbreviations. An example of an organization citation in the APA style looks like this: Organization. (Date). The article’s title is a pun. URL
APA requires that you start with the title of the article and then follow it with (n.d.), which stands for no date, when an article reference has neither an author nor a publication date.
An example of a reference that does not include an author or a date is as follows: The article’s title is a pun. (n.d.). URL of the organization
LibGuides: APA Style (7th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites
Please keep in mind that if you are citing many websites from the same source, you must make a separate reference for each one. If the substance of the material is expected to vary over time, provide the date you obtained it in your description. Authored by a corporation or group of individuals The name of the corporation, group, or organization. (Year in which the webpage was last updated/published, month and day if provided.) Subtitle is the title of the page (if any). Name of the website. URL The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is an example of a website whose content is unlikely to alter over time.
Justice has been done: Over 40 dogfighting victims have had their cases dismissed.
The following is an in-text paraphrase: (Corporation/Group Name, Year) As an illustration: (Adidas, 2020) Citation in text: (Corporation/name, Group’s year, Section Name section, paragraph number if there are more than one paragraph in the section, and so on) As an illustration: (Adidas, 2020, Sustainability section, para.
- In-text citations of authors from corporations or groups are abbreviated as follows: The names of businesses and organisations that write books are frequently shortened.
- If your work contains a reference to a group whose name occurs in the text, provide the abbreviation in the in-text parenthetical reference: To give an example, in 2019, 40 dogs were rescued with the assistance of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA).
- In the reference list entry, include the complete name of the group (without using an abbreviation): The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is a non-profit organization dedicated to ending animal cruelty (2019, November 21).
- An individual author’s last name and first initial were used in the creation of this work.
- (Year in which the webpage was last updated/published, month and day if provided.) Subtitle is the title of the page (if any).
- URL Price, D.
- There is no such thing as laziness.
The following is an example of content that is likely to change over time:Shillam S.
The Dean of the University of Portland has sent out a message.
Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section) As an illustration: (Shillam, 2018, Message from the dean section, para.
Unknown Author is responsible for the creation of this work.
(Year in which the webpage was last updated/published, month and day if provided.) Name of the website.
In-text citation: (“Title,” Year, Section Name section, para.
In the absence of clearly visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may use the section header and the number of paragraphs in that section to indicate where your quotation comes from.
Because there is just one paragraph under the specified title in this example, there is no need to include a paragraph number.
Citing websites & online media: APA (7th ed.) citation guide
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, served as the basis for this handbook. It contains a selection of citation examples for several sorts of common sources. For additional in-depth information, you can reference a printed copy of the style handbook directly. Citation management software makes it simple to keep track of all of your document references/citations and to style your reference lists properly. Seeciting articlesin our guide for more information on citing blog posts.
Facebook, Tumblr, LinkedIn,Reddit
A. A. Author’s name is A. A. (YYYY, Month day). The post’s content can be up to 20 words long. Name of the website. URL of the website
Reference list example
The National Institute of Mental Health is a federally funded research organization (2020, September 14). Suicide is a difficult and heartbreaking decision, yet it is often avoidable. Identifying the warning signs of suicide and knowing where to go for help. Facebook.
Reference in text example
National Institute of Mental Health (National Institute of Mental Health, 2020)- (NIMH, 2020)
- The name of a group might be used as the author’s surname. More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
- Take note of any audiovisuals that are enclosed in square brackets after the content element. Please do not make any changes to the spelling or capitalization in your posts. Maintain the use of hashtags and links. Please includeemoji’s name in square brackets if you are unable to recreate, for instance. Emoji names may be found in the Unicode Emoji Charts. An emoji counts as a single word in this context. If there is no documented date available, use the abbreviation (n.d.)
A. A. [@username] is the author. (YYYY, month day, year) The first 20 words of the message contain the content of the post. Name of the website. URL of the website
Reference list example
The SFU Library’s Twitter handle is @sfu library. (10th of September, 2020). Attend the first of our Fall series of hands-on, interactive, online Knowledge Mobilization seminars on September 22nd! Twitter.
Reference in text example
(Source: SFU Library, 2020).
- The name of a group might be used as the author’s surname. In Section 9.8, page 287, it is recommended that the @ sign be retained as part of the username and be enclosed in square brackets. More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
- Please do not make any changes to the spelling or capitalization in your posts. Maintain the use of hashtags and links. If you are unable to recreate an emoji, put the name of the emoji in square brackets instead. Emoji names may be found in the Unicode Emoji Charts. An emoji counts as a single word in this context. If there is no date available, use (n.d.).
If no other reference type is appropriate (for example, journal, blog, conference proceedings), use webpages or a website (Section 9.2, p.282).
A document or report found on a website
Seeciting reportsin our guide for further information on citing a report found on a website.
Quoting or paraphrasing part of a website
Check out the APA’sWebpage for more examples and details, or go straight to the source: the handbook itself (Section 10.16, pp 350-352). Not sure where to look for and how to identify the items you’ll need to cite a webpage? See What details do I need to include when citing a website? A. A. Author’s name is A. A. (YYYY). The title of the piece. Name of the website. The name of the organization. (YYYY, Month Day, Year) The title of the piece. Name of the website.
Reference list example
The American Red Cross is a non-profit organization that helps people in need (2019, April 15). Tornadoes – How to be safe in a tornado. The American Red Cross is a non-profit organization that helps people in need (n.d.). Make a strategy. J. S. Ewoldt is an American author who lives in New York City (2020, August 14). There are six simple techniques to lower your sugar intake. Mayo Clinic is a medical center in Rochester, Minnesota.
Reference in text example
The American Red Cross published a report in 2019 stating that American Red Cross, “Tornadoes – How to Stay Safe,” (American Red Cross, “Tornadoes – How to Stay Safe”) “Make a plan,” says the American Red Cross. Ewoldt et al. (2020).
- When the author and site name are the same, the site name should be omitted. If there is no author listed for an in-text reference, the title of the webpage is used in its place instead. [Section 6.17, p. 167] Capitalize the most important terms in the title. If there is no author for the reference list citation, the title is used in place of the author. The titles of the references are written in sentence case. When making in-text citations, if page numbers are not available, utilize paragraph numbers (abbreviated to “para.”) instead. If there are no paragraph numbers, the header should be used. If required, the header may be condensed
- Nonetheless, Retrieval dates should not be included unless the source material is anticipated to vary over time and there is no archived date for the content. When a certain format is required, use the following: Month Day,YYYY, retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Consider the following: APA’sWebpage on a website with a retrieval date as an example
- More information on how to abbreviate the name of a groupon may be found here. The American Psychological Association’s Group author abbreviations or to check the guide directly (Section 8.2, page 268)
- When describing works that are not part of peer-reviewed academic literature, use bracketed description:, and. Section 9.21 on page 292 of the guide and appropriate examples in Chapter 10 of the guide are recommended. A period follows the URL
- Otherwise, the URL is considered complete. When breaking up a lengthy URL, avoid using the hyphen character.
Webpage on a news website
More information and examples may be found on the APA’sWebpage on a news website, or you can check the handbook directly (Section 10.16, Example 110, p. 351).
Reference list example
B. Weber’s et al (2020, September 28). A new study reveals the disparities in health between the rich and the poor in Canada. HuffPost.
Reference in text example
Weber et al. (2020).
- The year is 2020, and Weber is the author of the paper.
Whole site, not a single document or web page
More examples and specifics may be found on the APA’sWhole website references, or you can study the handbook directly (Section 8.8, pp. 268-269Section 10.16, pp. 350-352).
- It is OK to include the name of the website as part of the text if it is not referring to any specific material on the site
- However, it is not acceptable to include the URL in parentheses if it is referring to the website in general. There is no requirement for references or in-text citations
- If you’re writing on the internet, include the name immediately in the text.
LibGuides: APA Style & Citation 7th edition: Citations: In-Text
Watch the short video above to learn how to properly format an in-text citation by including signal phrases and parenthetical citations into your writing. Additional instructions on how to properly cite your sources within your text may be found in the section below.
General rules (all source types):
- For a quotation, provide the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the precise section (typically the page number) that was used. If providing a page or paragraph number in a paraphrase reference, you may do so if doing so would assist interested readers in locating the relevant text within a large or complicated book (American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269
- American Psychological Association 2020, p. 269). Whenever possible, place quotation marks around the item that is being cited. It is not necessary to insert quotation marks in paraphrases and summaries. Citations at the conclusion of a sentence are placed before the period, and
Pages and Specific Parts
The page number of the borrowed information should be included in the citation of a book, journal article, or other paged source.
- For a single page, use the letter p
- For several pages, use the letter pp.
Whenever you are referencing a source that does not provide page numbers (such as a website), make it easy for the reader to access the material you are utilizing. For example, this may be the name of a section or header on a website, the number of paragraphs in a document (manually count the paragraphs and use the abbreviation ‘para.’), the slide number on a PowerPoint, the time stamp for a video, and so on. Immunotherapy is a “treatment that consists of a series of injections of purified allergen extracts” that is described as follows: (Mayo Clinic, n.d., “Treatment” section, para.3).
(15:30, 2015) (Whedon, 2015, 16:30)
Quotations or Paraphrases
It is possible to include the citation information into the text you are writing using the narrative in-text citation style. It is allowed, according to Spencer (2006), “to declare the author’s name at the beginning of the sentence, rather than always placing it in the parenthetical reference” when citing sources (pp. 5-6). ORA ‘parenthetical’ citations contain all of the citation information within the parenthesis of the original reference. “Separate the author from the citation at the conclusion of the cited text,” many pupils still refuse to do (Spencer, 2006, pp.
Organization as the Author
If you wish to shorten the name of the organization, you can do so. In order to introduce the abbreviation, provide the full name first, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.
- To give an example, according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016), 5-10 percent of all cancer-related fatalities in Bangladesh are caused by arsenic poisoning caused by pollution in the region(paragraphs 9-10)
- Consider the following: In a location with high arsenic contamination, “5–10 percent of all cancer deaths in an arsenic-contaminated zone were attributed to arsenic exposure,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016, para. 9-10)
- Make mention of the title of the work in the text, or provide the first word or two of the title in the in-text citation
- Citation marks are used to denote the titles of articles. The titles of books are in italics
- If the name Anonymous is ever used, it should be treated as if it were a genuine name.
As an illustration, developing efficient study habits is the most important predictor of first-year college student success in most cases (“Students,” 2002, para. 3).
This can include private letters, a few emails, interviews you do, and other similar activities. Due to the fact that they are not recoverable (i.e., no one else will be able to discover this material), they do not need to be placed on the Reference page, but they must be cited in your text. Other in-text citations should be included in the same sequence as the quotation or paraphrase: immediately following the quote or paraphrase.
The communicator’s initials and last name are written in capital letters (personal communication, date of communication). “The standard of work has improved from year to year,” for example (D. Porterfield, personal communication, June 10, 2019).
Make every effort to get the second source if the one you are using refers to it in your citation. If you are unable to access that source, use the phrase “as cited in” to recognize both sources. Include the date of the original source (which should be on the Reference page of the source you are using); if the date is not mentioned, then eliminate that portion of the reference from the citation. The source you have is Schein’s 2017 essay, while the piece you’re quoting is Greave’s 2015 paper, which was published in 2015.
|Type of Author||Parenthetical Citation||Narrative Citation|
|One author||(Silas, 1989)||Silas (1989).|
|Two authors||(SilasBreacher, 1990)||Silas and Breacher (1990).|
|Three or more authors||(Silas et al., 1990)||Silas et al. (1990).|
|Group author with an abbreviation*First citationFollowing citations||(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020)(CDC, 2020)||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2020).CDC (2020).|
|Group author no abbreviation||(Central Penn College, 2019)||Central Penn College (2019).|
|Two authors with the same last name||(B. Silas, 1991)(J. Silas, 1992)||B. Silas (1991).J. Silas (1992).|
|Two sources by the same author in the same year||(Silas, 1990a)(Silas, 1990b)||Silas (1990a).Silas (1990b).|
*Group writers who use abbreviations do not use abbreviations on the Reference page; instead, they spell out their full names.
LibGuides: Citing Online Business Resources using APA Style (7th Edition): APA In-text Citation Examples
- In-text citations for quotations should also contain the page number of the original source. If there isn’t a page number, use a paragraph number, section title, or a time stamp to indicate the location of the document (for audiovisual material). As an illustration:
- (Yu et al., 2019, p. 25)
- (ExxonMobil, n.d., Protecting the Environment part)
- (ExxonMobil, n.d., Protecting the Environment section)
- Several short quotes (no more than 40 words) exist in the body of the statement and are surrounded by double quotations. When writing large quotations (40 words or more), use the block quotation style.
For example, short quotes (less than 40 words) occur in the text of a phrase and are enclosed by double quotation marks. Parenthetical According to the findings of a recent study on sustainable fashion consumption, “there is a clear match between the related expenses of sustainable fashion and enhanced perceptions of value” (LundbladDavies, 2015, p. 159). Narrative Lundblad and Davies (2015) discovered that “there is a clear matching of the related costs of sustainable fashion with greater perceptions of value” in their study on sustainable fashion consumption (p.
- Examples of Long Quotations include the following: When you have a long quotation, use the block quotation style (40 words or more).
- As a racist, one supports the notion of a racial hierarchy, while as an anti-racist, one supports the idea of racial equality.
- Racial disparities can be perpetuated either by allowing them to exist or by combating them, as in the case of a racist or an anti-racist.
- 9) describes a formalized formalized formalized formalized (Kendi, 2019).
- It is referred to as ‘anti-racist.’ What’s the difference between the two?
- As a racist, one believes that issues are founded in certain groups of individuals, whereas as an anti-racist, one believes that problems are inherent in institutions and policies.
Racial disparities can be perpetuated either by allowing them to exist or by combating them, as in the case of a racist or an anti-racist. There is no safe haven in the middle that is ‘not racist.’ (Second edition, p. 9)
CSSLibraryGuides: Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: In-text Citations
In APA Style, an in-text citation informs the reader about the source of any and all material that did not originate from your own brain or other sources. This is more clear when you are explicitly quoting from a source, but it is equally necessary when you have summarized or paraphrased from a source, and even when you have gotten an idea from someplace else, to cite sources properly. It is critical that you properly cite all of the words and ideas that you have borrowed from other sources in order to avoid being accused of plagiarism.
- If you are writing an APA Style paper, the author-date citation method is used to reference your sources.
- It is possible for readers to identify sources used in the article by looking for author and date information inside the paper’s text, and then simply locate the relevant reference in the alphabetical reference list, using this citation method.
- There are two sorts of in-text citations that can be used.
- A narrative citation is a sort of citation in which the author’s name appears inside the text of the sentence; on the other hand, a parenthetical citation is a type of reference in which the author’s name and the date appear in parentheses at the conclusion of the phrase.
How do I create narrative or parenthetical citations?
In APA Style, you should cite your sources by placing the information about the source in parentheses at the end of a sentence or in the text of your paper, rather than using a footnote, which places the source information at the bottom of the page, or an endnote, which places the information about the source at the end of the paper. There are subtle variances in appearance based on which style you choose.
- Include the last name of the author as well as the year of publication. Only use page numbers or paragraph numbers when quoting directly from a source. Check to ensure that the source information in parentheses corresponds to the source information in your reference list. The punctuation for the statement is placed AFTER the parenthesis
- Nonetheless, When quoting less than forty words, use quotation marks around the words that are being quoted. Sources with defined page numbers should be referenced in narrative citations where the author and date are presented in the sentence. The page number should be included in parentheses at the conclusion of each quote. Instead of using page numbers when the source doesn’t have any, you can use a paragraph number, heading, or a mix of heading and paragraph number. It is acceptable to add the author and date with the page or paragraph number if the author and date are not presented as part of the content itself. The period should appear after the parenthesis
- Otherwise, it is incorrect. If your quote is longer than forty words, set it off in a block text by starting the block quote on a new line, indenting 0.5 inches (one-half inch), and without using quotation marks around the block quote (see example). After the last word of the phrase, place a period after it, followed by the parenthesis, to mark the conclusion of the quote. More information may be found atBlock Quote
For further information on parenthetical and narrative citations, read pages 253-278 of the 7th edition of the American Psychological Association Manual for a detailed discussion and examples.