MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
- An MLA in-text citation should always include the author’s last name, either in the introductory text or in parentheses after a quote. If line numbers or page numbers are included in the original source, add these to the citation.
- 1 Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style Smith?
- 2 Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style homer79?
- 3 Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style the Cyclops insist that they?
- 4 How do you cite in MLA format?
- 5 Which MLA citations are properly cited Check all that apply Odysseus’s men?
- 6 Which citation correctly reflects MLA guidelines for a website without an author quizlet?
- 7 Which excerpt from Part 1 of the Odyssey is cited properly?
- 8 What excerpt is in the Odyssey Part 2?
- 9 What motivates Odysseus to tell a lie to the Cyclops?
- 10 What prevents Odysseus from killing the sleeping Cyclops?
- 11 Which excerpt from Part 2 of the Odyssey best supports the conclusion that Odysseus is clever?
- 12 How do you cite correctly?
- 13 which in-text citation is formatted correctly in mla style? odysseus and his men “slept again above – Brainly.com
- 14 LibGuides: MLA Style Guide: Home
- 15 Which in-text citation is correctly formatted in MLA style?
- 16 MLA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples
- 17 General formatting guidelines in MLA
- 18 How to format a header in MLA
- 19 MLA header
- 20 How to format an in-text citation in MLA
- 21 How to format a Works Cited page in MLA
- 22 Menlo School Library: MLA Style Guide: MLA style page formatting
- 23 Library Guides: MLA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
- 24 MLA Format – In-Text Citations and Quotations – Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
- 25 MLA In-Text Citations
- 26 When to Use a Block Quotation
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style Smith?
MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style homer79?
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style? Odysseus’s men “bent steady to the oars” (Homer 79). respect their leader.
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style the Cyclops insist that they?
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style? The Cyclops insists that they “care not a whistle for your thundering Zeus” (Homer 186). You just studied 10 terms!
How do you cite in MLA format?
MLA citing format often includes the following pieces of information, in this order: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Source. ” Title of Container, Other contributors, Version, Numbers, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.
Which MLA citations are properly cited Check all that apply Odysseus’s men?
Which MLA citations are properly cited? Check all that apply. Odysseus’s men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” (Homer 503). Homer writes that the men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” (503).
Which citation correctly reflects MLA guidelines for a website without an author? The Land Down Under. Australia Department of Tourism, 1 February 2013.
Which excerpt from Part 1 of the Odyssey is cited properly?
Which excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey is cited properly in MLA style? Answer: “ This was an army, trained to fight on horseback / or, where the ground required, on foot” (Homer 55-56).
What excerpt is in the Odyssey Part 2?
The excerpt from part 2 that best describes Odysseus’ weakness is “I wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer.” This line establishes Odysseus’ excessive pride. It reflects on Odysseus’ battle with the cyclops and demonstrates how prideful he has become. This quote shows how human and flawed Odysseus is.
What motivates Odysseus to tell a lie to the Cyclops?
What motivates Odysseus to tell a lie to the Cyclops? Odysseus knows that Poseidon is the Cyclops’ father. Odysseus is afraid the Cyclops will steal their ship. Odysseus does not want to reveal their only means of escape.
What prevents Odysseus from killing the sleeping Cyclops?
What prevents Odysseus from killing the sleeping Cyclops? He knows that they cannot move the boulder blocking the doorway. Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.
Which excerpt from Part 2 of the Odyssey best supports the conclusion that Odysseus is clever?
Which excerpt from part 2 of the Odyssey best supports the conclusion that Odysseus is clever? The phrase that best shows how cunning Odysseus was must be the following: “My name is Nohbdy: mother, father, and friends, everyone calls me Nohbdy. ” The idea is that the main character of the play conflicts with Cyclops.
How do you cite correctly?
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005).
which in-text citation is formatted correctly in mla style? odysseus and his men “slept again above – Brainly.com
The University of Southern California faculty places a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary academic opportunities. describe something that is not related to your intended academic focus but that you are interested in learning more about it. hugered: — who is the author of the poem “The dust of snow” — Create a story that begins with two people who are waiting for someone to arrive. In cultures, the importance of selecting the appropriate word cannot be overstated. a. in a low-context b. in a high-context c.
both a high and a low contextual importance high.nor low context are acceptable in d.
a.low-context b.high-context c.both a high and a low level of context d.there is neither a high nor a low context What are the eight different types of figure of speech?
- You could address your letter to.your pet, a tree, a box of Kleenex, your cell phone, or someone famous like Misha Barton, Jonah Hill, or Eli Manning, among other things.
- Use descriptive language to your advantage (4 points)!
- (One point is awarded) Give your poem a title.
- He kept a journal of his observations and experiences, which he eventually published as Letters from an American Farmer (1782).
- Here’s a brief excerpt from his writing on the subject: “So, who exactly is this newcomer, this American?
- Despite the fact that he is an American, he has left behind all of his ancient prejudices and manners, and he has received new ones as a result of adopting a new way of life, obeying a new government, and attaining a new position.
- To support your position, you must provide specific examples from history or current events to back up your claims.
You are free to express your agreement or disagreement with your classmates.
Requirements 10 points are awarded for: Regarding the quote mentioned above, a clear position has been taken.
The post includes specific examples from the text (include quotes in MLA format, if necessary) and provides a more in-depth look at the text itself.
5 points each: Upon completion of your post, you should select two classmates to whom you will respond.
Ask questions if you have them, provide extensions if you see them, and interact with their writing.
Some Tips Think about phrases in the quote that you may have heard from other places.
Was he correct in this comparison?
Did that happen?
Does “great” have to be positive?
Has that happened?
You will need to post before you are able to see others’ posts.
Hello, someone can help me please?
Document A Barbie at 60: instrument of female oppression or positive influence?
She is a toy.
Yet she has grown into a phenomenon.
She is also, arguably, the original “influencer” of young girls, pushing an image and lifestyle that can shape what they aspire to be like.
When Barbie was born many toys for young girls were of the baby doll variety; encouraging nurturing and motherhood and perpetuating the idea that a girl’s future role would be one of homemaker and mother.
Barbie was a fashion model with her own career.
However, the “something more” that was given fell short of empowering girls, by 15 today’s standards.
The focus on play that imagined being grown up, with perfect hair, a perfect body, a plethora of outfits, a sexualised physique, and a perfect first love (in the equally perfect Ken) has been criticised over the years for perpetuating a different kind of ideal – one centred around body image, with dangerous consequences for girls’ mental and 20 physical health.
- Through play, children mimic social norms and subtle messages regarding gender roles, and stereotypes can be transmitted by seemingly ubiquitous toys.
- The same supposition – that girls playing with Barbie may internalise the unrealistic body that she innocently promotes – has been the subject of research and what is clear is that parents are often unaware of the potential effects on body image when approving toys for their children.
- No longer is Barbie portrayed in roles such as the air hostess – or, when promoted to pilot, still dressed in a feminine and pink version of the uniform.
- Such changes can have a remarkable impact on how young girls imagine their career 40 possibilities, potential futures, and the roles that they are expected to take.
- Children who are less stereotyped in their gender and play are less likely to be 45 stereotyped in their occupations and are more creative.
- The week when Virgin Atlantic announced that female cabin crew members will no longer be required to wear make-up, it appeared that the long and laborious march away from constricting female body and beauty norms was finally taking off.
- Barbie, who appears to be still 20 years old, celebrates her 60th birthday today.
- Document B is a formalized euphemism for Warning When I become an elderly woman, I intend to dress in purple.
- My pension will be spent on cognac, summer gloves, and satin shoes; I will claim that we don’t have enough money to buy butter.
- We’ll have to invite some friends around for supper and catch up on the news.
- So those who are familiar with me are not as astonished as they could be.
Jenny Joseph’s poem “When I suddenly get elderly and start to wear purple” is taken from Selected Poems, published by Bloodaxe in 1992. (I’m sorry, I don’t have much more to say.) When writing an essay, do you highlight or place quotation marks around the title of a poem?
LibGuides: MLA Style Guide: Home
According to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers: Eighth Edition, the McCulloch MLA Quick Guide is based on it. The Modern Language Association published a report in 2016 titled
- MLA HandbookbyCall Number: 808.02 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 MLAISBN: 9781603292627 Date of publication: April 1, 2016 In the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, the Modern Language Association, the world’s foremost authority on research and writing, takes a new look at the process of recording sources. Today’s works are released in a bewildering array of different media. If you want to read a book, you may do it in print, online, or as an e-book—or you can listen to an audio version of it, for example. Modes of publication are constantly being developed, integrated, and updated on the World Wide Web. Previous editions of the MLA Handbook had distinct instructions for each format, and new forms necessitated the inclusion of further instructions. Instead of recommending a specific set of criteria for each type of source, the Modern Language Association (MLA) offers a universal set of guidelines that authors can apply to any form of source. The eighth version of the MLA Handbook, which has been condensed and revamped for ease of use, leads authors through the concepts of assessing sources for their research projects. Afterwards, it teaches them how to properly cite sources in their writing and how to construct valuable entries for their works-cited list. This is more than simply a new edition
- It is a new MLA style as well.
Which in-text citation is correctly formatted in MLA style?
- 1. Which of the following should NOT be in italics in a citation inside a Works Cited page? 2. Which of the following should NOT be in italics in a Works Cited page? A book’s title is an example of this. B. the title of a magazine article********* C. the name of an encyclopedia article Secondly, you have completed writing a research report about
- Which of the following statements about an in-text reference is NOT correct? A basic in-text citation consists of the last name of the original author and the page number to indicate the location of the direct quote in the text. The page number is preceded by the letters “page” or “p.”
- 7. Which of the following would necessitate the inclusion of supporting material in an academic research paper? A remark regarding Thomas Jefferson’s election as the third President of the United States of America B. A remark you made while on a field trip to a particular location
English (MLA Citations)
- The poem Beowulf from The Norton Anthology of English Literature must be cited, but I’m not sure how to do it because the author of the poem is unknown. According to my tutor, the following is the usual standard for MLA citations: Authors. The title of the piece. The title of the book
MLA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples
Among the various citation formats used in academic and professional writing, the MLA format is one of the most used. It is used to cite external sources in written academic work, such as essays and research projects, and it is a form of citation. It is the purpose of this article to instruct you on basic MLA formatting principles as well as particular parts that must be included in a properly structured MLA style document. Before we proceed, it’s important to understand what the MLA format is exactly.
It is most typically used for literary study, academic articles, and fields that are centered in the humanities and social sciences.
In essay and research-based writing, citing your sources is essential since it is the only method to prevent plagiarizing work.
General formatting guidelines in MLA
- Your content should be typed in 12-point font with double-spaces between paragraphs. The typical typeface is Times New Roman
- Nevertheless, there are several variations. Bolding text or italicizing for emphasis should be kept to a minimum or avoided entirely, as italics are reserved for book titles and other lengthy works. After all punctuation marks, there should only be one space between them. As a result of the fact that word processing software already accounts for the space following a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is outdated and wrong. Margins on both edges of your paper should be one inch on all sides. The title of an essay or other sort of researched content should be unique (unless otherwise indicated), centered, and not bolded when written in the first person. If your title contains the title of a book or an article, format the titles as needed (italics, quotation marks, etc.). If your title includes the title of a book or an article, format the titles as needed (italics, quotation marks, etc.). There should be no capitalization in the title
- Just the first letter of each word should be capitalized. The first and subsequent paragraphs of your work should be indented one half inch from the left edge of the page. Instead of using the space bar, you should utilize the TAB button function to indent your text. A header with your name and the page number should be included at the beginning of your document.
How to format a header in MLA
According to MLA format, the following are the guidelines for headers; however, these may alter based on your instructor’s (or boss’) choice. Unless otherwise specified, all headers should begin at the top of your page, flush left, with double-spaced text.
Your First and Last Name Name of the instructor Name of the courseDate of completion (in Day Month Year order) The overall format for a header in MLA is seen above, but here is a more particular example to put things into perspective: In July 2019, Rebecca Reynoso will be a Professor Bonnici Marketing 10119. In the upper-right hand corner of your paper, you should also put your last name and the page number that you are on.
How to format an in-text citation in MLA
MLA in-text reference formatting is accomplished via the use of parenthetical citations and is consistent independent of container (e.g. book or article). It does not matter if you are paraphrasing or referencing a straight quotation; citations should always come before the period at the conclusion of a sentence. There is no comma between last name and page number in MLA format, which follows the author-page style: (Last Name Page Number). You must use the author’s last name and mention the page or number of pages that have been cited in a specific area of the text.
- It is a novel by Stephen King, and the passage above is an example of an excerpt from an essay on it.
- When citing an author’s work in text, the author’s last name and the page number must be included; however, the author’s last name does not always have to be included inside the parenthesis.
- Formatting options:King says that George Denbrough was the youngster in the yellow raincoat who was also Bill Denbrough’s younger brother, and that he was also Bill’s younger brother (3).
- That implies that if you were writing an essay about It exclusively, you could refer to Stephen King only once by name and then use numbers to refer to particular pages in the following sections.
There will be no doubt as to which quotation(s) came from which source material as a result of this.
How to format a Works Cited page in MLA
An MLA-formatted Works Cited page contains all of the reference materials that you utilized throughout your essay and is formatted as follows: Although there are many various sorts of source containers from which you may be quoting, we will focus on the most common: books and periodicals, which include both print and web articles, and provide samples of what properly-formatted citations should look like for each type of container.
The general formula for referencing the source in your Works Cited page is included with each container specified below, as well as an example to put it all into context.
This implies that if you are unable to locate the city in which a book was published (this applies only to works written prior to 1900), it is not required to provide that information as long as all other information is appropriately prepared and included in the document.
The citation examples that follow are for books published by a single author as well as novels written by two writers.
This is the simplest and most typical sort of citation you will come across when reading standard literature. The following is a general citation formula for a book with only one author: Last name and first name are required. The title of the book. Publisher and publication date are provided. Stephen King is a good example of a citation. It was published on the 15th of September, 1986, by Viking Press.
This style will only be used if more than one author is identified as a contributor to a single book. The names of the writers should be written in the same order that they appear in the book. Regardless of whose author is listed first, their name will be styled in the Last Name, First Name style. The name of the second author will be written in the First Name, Last Name (standard) format. For a book with two authors, the following is the general citation format: Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.
Publisher and publication date are provided.
The Talisman was published by Viking Press on November 8, 1984.
Periodicals and electronic sources (articles, print and web)
A periodical publication may incorporate material from either the online or print sources, but the latter is more popular in the modern era. Remember to only mention pages if you are quoting from a source that has several pages. If your source is entirely online, you may be able to dispense with the “pages” criterion. The following is a general citation formula for a periodical: Author(s). “Title of Article.” “Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, Pages.” “Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, Pages.” Moeslein, Anna, for example, might be cited as “An Investigation into Why Blake Lively Has Been Wearing So Many Suits Lately: Blake Lively.” Glamour magazine published an article on September 14th, 2018.
Assuming this is the case, your citation might look something like this: Anna Moeslein’s dissertation.
accessed on the 19th of July, 2019.
This is standard practice.
When a reference is extremely long, months are frequently omitted from the text. Whichever style you pick, make sure to utilize it consistently throughout your Works Cited page to avoid confusion.
More to MLA than meets the eye
Although this tutorial does not cover every single potential citation formula in MLA currently in use (8th edition), it does give a thorough overview of the most typical subtypes of MLA citations that you are likely to encounter in your writing. View our broad selection of education and learning tools to satisfy your need for knowledge and keep you on the path to increased productivity.
Menlo School Library: MLA Style Guide: MLA style page formatting
The following guidelines are drawn from the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook. Your lecturers want you to submit papers that are properly prepared and set out in a professional manner. When putting together your paper, follow the guidelines listed below. It is much easier if you start with the right settings; otherwise, you will have to go back and reformat your work several times. Layout of the page as a whole
- Sides, top, and bottom margins of one inch
- Make use of the Times New Roman or Times New Roman 12 point typeface. Use double-spaced text throughout the document. Use left-justified text, which will have a ragged right edge, rather than right-justified text. Do not use perfectly justified text (in the manner of a newspaper)
- Insert a 1/2″ indent after the first word of each paragraph
- Indent block quotes with a 1″ indent In Works Cited lists, use a 1/2″ indent for all lines after the initial line of each source (sometimes known as a “hanging indent”). Number the pages in the paper’s header section, starting with the first page of content, at the top right corner of the paper’s header area. Fill in the blanks with your last name before each page number. Pages should be counted from the first text page to the last Works Cited page, however any pages following the conclusion of the text should not be included in the page count. Inquire with your teacher about the permissibility of printing on both sides.
Using a heading and a title
- In most cases, unless your instructor expressly requests one, an MLA-style research paper does not require a cover page. Fill in the blanks with the following information in the top left corner of the first page (but not in the header space): your name, the teacher’s name, the course title and block number, and the date. Each item of information (four lines) should be written on a separate double-spaced line. Double-space the title once again, then center it. Do not attempt to make your title more aesthetically pleasing by utilizing bold, underline, or inventive fonts. Before you begin writing the body of your paper, double-space once more.
Names and numbers are included.
- The first time you use someone’s or an organization’s or legislation’s complete name, be sure to capitalize it. Whenever possible, use the abbreviation in parentheses after the entire name when referring to government entities, such as the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). From that point forth, you can refer to persons by their last names and organizations by their abbreviations, if appropriate, for the remainder of the document. Numerals written in one or two words (two, forty-five, fifteen hundred) should be spelled out, and numbers should be used for any other numbers (2 1/2, 161). A number, on the other hand, should never be used to begin a statement.
References to the parenthetical citations
- The in-text reference should be inserted at the end of the sentence, just before the last punctuation mark, to avoid confusion. The MLA Handbook55-56 states that if a work is alphabetized by title in the Works Cited (i.e., if it does not have an author), it is acceptable to include only the first word or two of the title in the parenthetical citation. The page number will be included in the parenthetical reference if the author is stated in the sentence
- Otherwise, the author will be omitted.
Several sources are cited.
- It is recommended that your Works Cited section begin on a separate page after the final page of written material. The phrase Works Cited should be centered at the top of the page, and the type should be Times/Times New Roman 12 point. When writing the headline, avoid using bold, underlined, or huge font sizes. Use appropriate formatting – double-space your paragraphs and alphabetize your sentences properly
- Use a “hanging indent,” which means that the first line of the citation should begin at the margin and that following lines should be indented. If your source does not have an author, arrange the titles of the writers in alphabetical order inside the authors – do not create a separate list.
Library Guides: MLA Quick Citation Guide: In-text Citation
MLA style allows you to put the author’s name either inside the narrative body of your work or after the source’s citation in parentheses after the source’s citation. The following is an excerpt from the tale that includes the author’s name: According to Gass and Varonis, familiarity with the topic is the most essential factor in interpreting non-native communication in a foreign language (163). The following is the author’s name in parentheses: According to one study, familiarity with the subject matter is the most crucial factor in interpreting non-native language speaking (Gass and Varonis 163).
The following is a direct quote: “The listener’s acquaintance with the topic of discourse substantially aids the comprehension of the entire message,” according to one research (Gass and Varonis 85).
Note: For quotations that are longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, quotations should be displayed as an indented block of text (one inch from the left margin) and quotation marks should be omitted.
In addition to boosting awareness, it has been demonstrated that practicing listening to accented speech can increase one’s listening comprehension.
Even a little exposure to accented speech can assist listeners improve their understanding, which in turn can enhance the level of service provided to international customers in general. (O’Malley, page 19)
MLA Format – In-Text Citations and Quotations – Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Rutgers University–Camden is now open and fully functional. At Rutgers University, instructors, staff, and students can book appointments for the COVID-19 vaccination at sites on three campuses: Camden, Piscataway/New Brunswick, and Newark. Make a scheduled appointment. A. The fundamental rules
- Citing other people’s work in one’s own paper is referred to as parenthetical citations in MLA style (which is usually the same notion as an in-text citation in APA style)
- The information that must be included in a parenthetical citation is determined by the following factors:
- Print, online, or interview sources are all examples of sources that might be employed in a research project. The reference to the source on the Works Cited (bibliography) page
- Similarly, each source that is mentioned in the text must also be included on the Works Cited page. Using a semi-colon between sources to appropriately separate them when using numerous sources in a single parenthetical citation is recommended.
B. The “author-page” design style
- A complete reference to another’s work must be included in the text whenever a quotation or idea from that work is cited (along with a complete citation to that work included in the Works Cited page)
- Whenever a quotation or idea from another’s work is cited in a text, the author’s last name and page number(s) from which the reference came must be included in the text
- The author’s name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parenthesis following the quotation or paraphrase
- However, it is not required. The page number(s) should always be included in the parenthesis of the statement, rather than in the body of the phrase. Listed here are several illustrations:
As an illustration, the author’s last name indicated that “insert quotation here” (page number). Insert the paraphrasing here (author’s last name, page number) as an example. Example 3: The last name of the author is followed by a paraphrasing (page number). C. Citations inside the text: Sources for printing
- Books, scholarly journal articles, newspapers, and other printed materials are examples of print sources. Print sources should be cited in-text by using a signal word or phrase (typically the author’s last name) as well as the page number.
- Please keep in mind that if the signal word or phrase is already included in the sentence, it is not required to add it in the parenthetical citation.
Please keep in mind that if the signal word or phrase is already included in the sentence, it is not required to add it in the parenthetical citation.
- The creator of some sources, such as organizations or businesses, is identified as a corporate author.
- In certain instances, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation (rather than the author’s last name, as is customary) followed by the page number in the in-text reference
- Utilize abbreviations (for example, “nat’l” for national) wherever possible – this will prevent long citations from interfering with the flow of the text.
- In certain instances, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation (rather than the author’s last name, as is typically done) followed by the page number in the in-text reference
- Utilize abbreviations (for example, “nat’l” for national) whenever possible — this will prevent long citations from disrupting the flow of the text.
- If the title is brief (for example, an article), the title should be enclosed in quotation marks. The title should be italicized if it is lengthy (as in the case of a literary work). Wherever possible, a title will be used in conjunction with the parenthetical citation to serve in place of the author’s name in the Works Cited section of the paper.
- When classic and literary works are published in several editions, each of which contains additional information to aid in the identification of the work, the following information must be provided:
- After placing a semicolon after the page number of the edition in question, include the relevant acronyms for volume (vol. ), book (bk. ), portion (pt. ), chapter (ch.), section (sec.) or paragraph (par.) of the edition in question (par.). Example:
Insert information about the author’s last name here (page number; vol. number).
- When a book is divided into numerous volumes (as opposed to editions! ), give the following information:
- The page number is preceded by the volume number, which is followed by a colon (s). Consider the following as an illustration:
Insert information about the author’s last name here (volume number: page numbers). D. Citations inside the text: Nonprint and electronic sources are included.
- Always analyze the work before applying any material obtained on the Internet to guarantee that it is from a reliable source.
- Making references to works that are found on websites that do not give accurate information may be immensely harmful to the validity of an argument in a paper.
- It is common for non-print and electronic sources to be devoid of page numbers, therefore do not be concerned if one is not present in the source. Be sure to follow these standards when citing electronic and Internet sources in the parenthetical citation:
- A brief description of the first item that appears in the Works Cited entry (e.g., author name, article title, website title, etc.) – this information is dependent on the information available from a source
- Include URLs in the text only if it is absolutely necessary to provide the website name in the signal phrase in-text
- Otherwise, leave them out.
- If it is important to supply a URL, use a partial URL (e.g., www.com) rather than the whole URL.
Information and references from a variety of sources are included in the in-text citations.
- In certain cases, the authors of a source (for example, an article in an academic journal) have the same last name.
- In certain instances, further information is required in order to identify the source:
- In the in-text citation, provide both authors’ first initials (or first names, if they share the same initials as well) as well as the year of publication. Example:
Fill in the blanks with information (A. Author page number), then fill in the blanks with extra information (B. Author page number).
- It is possible for numerous authors to contribute to a single piece
- This is known as collaborative writing.
- Keep in mind that the in-text citations are formatted differently depending on the number of authors in this situation, so make sure you follow the rules mentioned.
- When there are three or fewer authors in a source, list the authors’ last names in the text or in parenthetical citations as follows:
Each of the authors says “insert quotation here” in their own words (page number).
- Use the work’s bibliographic information as a guide for citing sources with more than three authors (give the first author’s name followed by et al., or list all of the names):
Authorone and colleagues summed up their findings as follows. (page number).
- Where many works by the same author are cited in a paper, give a shorter title for the specific work that is being mentioned (this will distinguish each work from the others)
- The italics are used to emphasize the short titles of books. A quote mark is used to denote the short titles of articles
- In this example, Doe argues that. (“Short Title” page number), which is further supported by. (“Other Short Title” page number)
- As an illustration, this is how to cite the same author of two journal articles
- Books would be structured in a similar manner, with the exception that the titles would be italicized rather than placed in quotation marks
- It is important to note that the author’s name does not need to be stated in the statement.
- For authors whose names are included inside parenthesis with the remainder of the citation, begin by listing their last names, followed by their shorter titles, and then their page ranges. For example: “Insert citation here” (Doe,Shortened Titlepage number)
- “Insert quotation here” (Doe,Shortened Titlepage number)
- When offering clarity or putting together material from numerous sources, it is possible to include more than one source in the same parenthetical reference
- However, this is not always the case.
- When citing numerous sources in a single in-text reference, use a semi-colon to divide the citations from one another. Example:
Fill fill the blanks with information (Authorone page number; Authortwo page number).
- To sometimes mention an indirect source, which is a source that is cited within another source, is acceptable
- Nevertheless, it is not recommended.
- To identify the source of an indirect quote, use the abbreviation “qtd. in” to denote the source from which the citation was derived. As an illustration, Doe argues that. “insert quotation from indirect source here” (qtd. in Author page number). While it is acceptable to do so on rare occasions, it is strongly recommended that a significant effort be made to locate the original source rather than referencing an indirect source (in order to demonstrate credibility as a researcher)
- When assessing whether or not a citation is required for a source, exercise caution.
- As a general rule, famous proverbs, well-known quotations, and common knowledge do not necessitate the inclusion of an in-text citation or reference in the Works Cited section of the paper. According to the audience, this might be considered plagiarism
- Therefore, it is preferable to cite the author(s) rather than risk being accused of plagiarism.
F. Quotations in a standardized format
- Depending on how long the quotation is, there are several distinct formats for directly quoting someone else’s work:
- In the text, surround brief quotations (no more than four typed lines) with double quotation marks and provide the author’s name and the page number where appropriate.
- Comma, period, and other punctuation marks should be used after the parenthetical reference
- However, this is not required. If the question marks/exclamation points are part of the quote, they should be within the quotation marks
- If they are not, they should appear after the parenthetical reference. Listed here are a few illustrations:
In this box, type “insert quotation here” (Author Last Name page number). « Insert appropriate quotation here! » (Page numbers are given by the author’s last name.) The author’s last name and the page number are used to insert a quotation.
- To indicate breaks in the verse when quoting poetry that is no longer than three lines long, use a slash (/) at the end of each line of poem (see example below):
“Insert first verse / Insert second verse / Insert third verse” “Insert first verse / Insert second verse / Insert third verse” (Author Last Name page number).
- A free-standing block of text, without quotation marks, should be used when a citation is longer than four lines of prose or three lines of verse (in the case of poetry).
- The quotation should be started on a new line. It is recommended that the whole quotation be indented one inch from the left margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout
- If there are numerous paragraphs mentioned, just the first line of the citation should be indented by an additional quarter inch. The parenthetical citation appears after the last punctuation mark. If you’re citing a long stanza (poetry), make sure to keep the original line breaks.
- To show that a word(s) has been or are being added to a quotation, the addition of the word(s) should be enclosed in a bracket (this indicates that the word(s) has been or are not part of the original text).
- It may be required to add a word or a series of words in order to bring clarification to the audience.
- If a word or words are eliminated from a quote, the deleted word(s) should be indicated by ellipsis marks, three periods (.), which should be preceded and followed by a space
- Note: Brackets are not required around ellipses unless adding brackets will help the audience understand what the ellipses are being used for. In poetry quotes, the customary three-period ellipses should be used to indicate the omission of words. When removing one or more entire lines of poetry, space numerous periods such that they are about the length of a complete line in the poem (see the following example):
The first line of the poem The second line of the poem is. The fourth line of the poem
MLA In-Text Citations
Given how important in-text citations are to your writing processes, being able to instantly craft correct citations and identify incorrect citations will save you time while you’re writing and will help you avoid having unnecessary points deducted from your grade for citation errors will be extremely beneficial. The following is the standard accurate in-text citation style, as defined by the MLA style manual: Page number of the author’s last name is used as a quotation. Allow yourself to take a few moments to carefully analyze the location of the sections and the punctuation of this in-text reference before continuing.
In addition, there is no punctuation between the author’s last name and the page number within the parenthesis, which is a mistake.
Put all of the necessary information into the in-text reference.
You must add a page number that directs the reader to the specific page in the source where this information may be found.
So, let’s assume we have the following statement from Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South, which appears on page 100: “Margaret had never talked about Helstone since she had left there.” The following examples demonstrate improper MLA formatting:
|“Margaret had never spoken of Helstone since she left it.” (Gaskell 100)||Incorrect because the period falls within the quotation marks|
|“Margaret had never spoken of Helstone since she left it” (Gaskell, 100).||Incorrect because of the comma separating the author’s last name and the page number|
|“Margaret had never spoken of Helstone since she left it” (Elizabeth Gaskell 100).||Incorrect because the author’s full name is used instead of just her last name|
|“Margaret had never spoken of Helstone since she left it” (North and South100).||Incorrect because the title of the work appears, rather than the author’s last name; the title should only be used if no author name is provided|
The following example demonstrates proper MLA formatting: “Margaret had never talked about Helstone again since she had left there” (Gaskell 100). There are, however, several deviations to the citation guidelines outlined above. For example, consider the following structure for an in-text reference, which is also properly formatted. In the novel Helstone, the narrator makes it plain that Margaret “had never talked about Helstone since she had left there,” according to Elizabeth Gaskell (100).
- In contrast to the preceding example, this citation does not include the last name of the author within the parenthesis.
- As a result, including the author’s last name within the parentheses would be redundant, and it is not necessary for MLA citation.
- Similarly to the case of quote integration, if the author’s last name is not mentioned in the paraphrase, it is necessary inside the parentheses before the page number, just as it is required in the case of quotation integration.
- Oftentimes, in-text citations are parenthetical, which means that you add information to the end of a phrase by putting it in parentheses.
- This example demonstrates how to correctly use in-text citations.
When to Use a Block Quotation
An example of a quotation is one that is contained in double quotation marks and is used as part of a sentence within a paragraph in your document. If you intend to quote more than four lines of prose (or three lines of poetry) from a source, you should structure the extract as a block quotation, rather than as a conventional quotation inside the body of a paragraph, to avoid confusion. The majority of the conventional rules for quotes continue to apply, with the exception of the following: A block quote will begin on its own line, will not be contained in quotation marks, and will have its in-text citation placed after the closing punctuation, rather than before it, as seen in the example.
The full block quotation should be indented one inch from the left margin on the left side of your document.
A block citation in MLA format should be double-spaced, just like the remainder of your document should be as well.
For additional information on formatting block quotes, have a look at this video from Imagine Simple Solutions.